Evolved HSPA

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HSPA+, or Evolved High-Speed Packet Access, is a technical standard for wireless, broadband telecommunication. HSPA+ enhances the widely used WCDMA (UMTS) based 3G networks with higher speeds for the end user that are comparable to the newer LTE networks. HSPA+ was first defined in the technical standard 3GPP release 7 and expanded further in later releases.

In the United States, it is commonly available under AT&T Mobility and T-Mobile US.

Speeds[edit]

HSPA+ provides an evolution of High Speed Packet Access and provides data rates up to 168 Megabits per second (Mbit/s) to the mobile device (downlink) and 22 Mbit/s from the mobile device (uplink). Technically these are achieved through the use of a multiple-antenna technique known as MIMO (for "multiple-input and multiple-output") and higher order modulation (64QAM) or combining multiple cells into one with a technique known as Dual-Cell HSDPA.

The 168 Mbit/s and 22 Mbit/s represent theoretical peak speeds. The actual speed for a user will be lower. In general, HSPA+ offer higher bitrates only in very good radio conditions (very close to cell tower) or if the terminal and network both support either MIMO or Dual-Cell HSDPA, which effectively use two parallel transmit channels with different technical implementations.

The higher 168 Mbit/s speeds are achieved by using multiple carriers with Dual-Cell HSDPA and 4-way MIMO together simultaneously.[1][2]

The technology also delivers significant battery life improvements and dramatically quicker wake-from-idle time – delivering a true always-on connection. HSPA+ should not be confused with LTE, which uses a new air interface based on OFDMA technology. HSPA+ is an evolution of HSPA that upgrades the existing 3G network and provides a method for telecom operators to migrate towards 4G speeds without deploying a new radio interface.[3]

All-IP architecture[edit]

A flattened all-IP architecture is an option for the network within HSPA+. In this architecture, the base stations connect to the network via IP (often Ethernet providing the transmission) bypassing legacy elements for the user's data connections. This makes the network faster and cheaper to deploy and operate. The legacy architecture is still permitted with the Evolved HSPA and is likely to exist for several years after adoption of the other aspects of HSPA+ (higher modulation, multiple streams etc.).

This 'flat architecture' connects the 'user plane' directly from the base station to the GGSN external gateway, using any available link technology supporting TCP/IP. The definition can be found in 3GPP TR25.999. The user's data flow bypasses the Radio Network Controller (RNC) and the SGSN of the previous 3GPP UMTS architecture versions thus simplifying the architecture, reducing costs and delays. This is nearly identical to the 3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE) flat architecture as defined in the 3GPP standard Rel-8. The changes allow cost effective modern link layer technologies such as xDSL or Ethernet and is no longer tied to the more expensive and rigid requirements of the older standard of SONET/SDH and E1/T1 infrastructure.

There are no changes to the 'control plane'.

Nokia Siemens Networks Internet HSPA or I-HSPA is the first commercial solution implementing the Evolved HSPA flattened all-IP architecture.[4]

Deployment[edit]

2008[edit]

  • On 10 June 2008 Australia's Telstra Next G network was the first to enable some features of HSPA+.[5]
  • On 5 December 2008, the first 21 Mbit/s (downlink) and 5.8 Mbit/s (uplink) data link was established on a commercial network (Telstra).[6]
  • On 23 October 2008, the first wireless data devices for the HSPA+ standard were announced. The devices, developed by Sierra Wireless in collaboration with Netcomm,[7] Telstra, Qualcomm, and Ericsson, offer peak download speeds of 21 Mbit/s over Telstra's Next G network – three times faster than currently available HSPA modems.[8]
  • New Zealand's 2degrees Mobile network has announced it will use HSPA+.[9]
  • On 2 December 2008, PCCW, the largest telecommunications company in Hong Kong publicly demonstrated their "PCCW NextGen Network" based on HSPA+ technology. The company will market its new HSPA+ network together with next generation gigabit fiber landline internet service in a bundle, and products are scheduled to be released to the mass market in early 2009.[11]

2009[edit]

  • On 8 January 2009, StarHub, a telecommunication provider in Singapore, commenced the upgrade of its mobile broadband network to HSPA+, following a successful live demonstration of its capability to deliver 21 Mbit/s on the downlink. This is 50% faster than its previous network capacity of 14.4 Mbit/s. By 2Q-2009, StarHub's mobile broadband network would be HSPA+ ready for commercial rollout nationwide.[12]
  • On 23 March 2009, Austrian mobile operator A1 – mobilkom austria started a commercial HSPA+ Network in Europe.[14]
  • On 30 March 2009, CSL Limited, Hong Kong's leading mobile operator, unveiled the first commercial launch of HSPA+ in Hong Kong, provided up to 21 Mbit/s on the downlink and offers the widest coverage providing unrivaled mobility and performance.[15]
  • On 4 April 2009, Dialog Axiata, one of Sri Lanka's HSPA providers, announced its update to HSPA+ will be completed soon. And now they are implemented a test network in Colombo.
  • On 20 May 2009, Cosmote in Greece announced that it started offering HSPA+ speeds up to 21 Mbit/s in parts of its HSPA network in central Athens and Thessaloniki with other areas to be upgraded soon. Cosmote was also the launch market for ZTE's new HSPA+ data card product.[16]
  • On 29 May 2009, Alfa's CEO and chairman announced that Lebanon is going to be among the first countries in the world to launch the HSPA plus technology by the end of the year. This would make the country the first in the Middle East to offer this advanced service.[17]
  • On 4 June 2009, the president of DAVE Wireless, a future wireless provider in Canada, revealed that the company would be deploying a HSPA+ network covering several major cities in the country.[18]
  • On 7 June 2009, Vodafone Greece announced that they are launching 21.6 Mbit/s speeds in the downlink and 5.7 Mbit/s speed in the uplink for the first time (sic) in the Greek market. Those speeds are initially going to be available in Athens and coverage is going to be expanded continuously.[19]
  • On 8 June 2009, E MOBILE, providing HSPA network in Japan, announced that E Mobile starts its upgrading to HSPA+ from early August 2009.[20]
  • On 27 June 2009, Vodafone Portugal launched a HSPA 64QAM service at 21.6 Mbit/s. Two days later Optimus and TMN also launched the same service in Portugal.
  • On 1 September 2009, Zapp Romania announced a national deployment of HSPA+ in Romania. The service will be available starting October 2009 in major cities.
  • On 3 September 2009, Vodafone Romania announced the launch of commercial HSPA+ service in Bucharest area with plans of extending the network in major cities throughout Romania.
  • On 4 September 2009, Swiss telecom operator Swisscom announced the launch of commercial HSPA+ service with speeds of up to 28.8 Mbit/s in the Geneva area in October for the start of ITU with plans of extending the network to major cities throughout Switzerland.[22]
  • On September 2009, Mobiltel announced a national deployment of HSPA+ in Sofia area with commercial launch on 17 September and plans of extending the network in major cities throughout Bulgaria.
  • On 4 November 2009, SmarTone-Vodafone in Hong Kong announced they have upgraded their 3G network to HSPA+. Offering a theoretical downlink speed of 21 Mbit/s.[23]
  • On 4 November 2009, Indonesia's largest mobile phone operator, Telkomsel launched their HSPA+ service to its post paid customers in the Greater Jakarta area called Next Gen Flash.[25]
  • On 15 November 2009, Telefonica Moviles announced a national deployment of HSPA+ in Spain, Argentina and Venezuela, for launching on 2010.
  • On 18 November 2009, Estonias leading mobile operator EMT opened its HSPA+ services to its customers. Network now supports speeds of 21Mbit/s when downloading and 5,76Mbit/s when uploading.
  • On November 2009, Cyfrowy Polsat with Sferia and Aero2 in Poland launched their HSPA+ network to its customers. The network uses UMTS850 and UMTS900 bands and is available in all major cities through the country and also in villages located in southern Poland.
  • On 1 December 2009, Plus GSM – polish mobile phone operator launched own HSPA+ network in eleven Polish cities.
  • On 4 December 2009, Entel PCS chilean mobile phone operator deployed HSPA+ network in the urban areas of 20 main cities.
  • On 20 December 2009, Mobitel Sri Lanka, the mobile arm of Sri Lanka Telecom has announced its successful trial on HSPA+. Mobitel is the 2nd Sri Lankan operator to trial HSPA+ after Dialog Axiata HSPA+ trial deployment in April 2009.

2010[edit]

  • On 4 January 2010 – Etisalat UAE announced that their 3.5 G network was upgraded to support HSPA+.[26]
  • On February 4, 2010, Vodafone Hungary announced its commercial 21 Mbit/s HSPA+ network. The service is available in Budapest.[27]
  • On 10 February 2010, Viva Bahrain announced its 21 Mbit/s HSPA+ network, very few details known about the network and its implementation as Viva Bahrain didn't start its services in Bahrain as of the announcement date.[28][28]
  • In February 2010, Etisalat Misr (Etisalat Egypt) launches its 21 Mbit/s HSPA+ service. No exact details about coverage is published. The higher speed is provided for a (99 EGP ~ US$18) extra fee on any of the available packages.[29]
  • In February 2010, Telstra, an Australian telco, launched the world's first 42 Mbit/s network.
  • In March 2010, Orange, an Austrian telco, launched the Austrian's first 42 Mbit/s network in Vienna Neustadt.
  • On 7 April 2010, Mobitel, a Slovenian telco, launched its 21 Mbit/s HSPA+ network with one third of UMTS stations upgraded.[30]
  • On 15 April 2010, Vodafone Malta announced that they launched 14.4 Mbit/s speeds in the downlink and 2 Mbit/s speed in the uplink for the first time in the Maltese market.[31]
  • BendBroadband, a small nationally recognized US cable operator, became the first production HSPA+ deployment in the United States.[32] The product has been demonstrated at speeds in excess of 15 Mbit/s down and 6 Mbit/s up. It is worth noting that as of July 2012, this network has been switched to LTE.[33]
  • Cell C (South Africa) is planning a R5-billion (US$660 million) investment in a HSPA upgrade during 2010. Over 8 cities around South Africa now have fully operational HSPA+ services [34]
  • Belarus has announced its first network in Belarus will support HSPA+. Download 19 Mbit/s. Minsk, Gomel.
  • velcom Belarus announces the commercial launch of 3G on the base of UMTS/HSPA/HSPA+ technology. Download speed 20.6 Mbit/s.[35]
  • On 16 April 2010 Etisalat Egypt started offering 42 Mbit/s "the first in Africa and all the Middle East".[36]
  • On 26 April 2010 Indosat, Indonesian mobile operator launched HSPA+ internet service with downlink speed 42 Mbit/s (claimed the first in Asia) and Uplink speed 11 Mbit/s.[37]
  • On 13 May 2010 3 Ireland, announced that it has switched on the world's first commercial voice and data I-HSPA network.[38]
  • On 25 May 2010 Israel's Pelephone launched their HSPA+ internet service, codenamed "High Speed GSM+" with speeds of 21 Mbit/s (download) and 5.6 Mbit/s (upload).[39]
  • As of 21 July 2010, T-Mobile USA has deployed HSPA+ with theoretical download speeds of 21 Mbit/s to 50 major metropolitan areas.[41]
  • In the month of July 2010 Vodafone started rolling out HSPA+ in the Netherlands starting in the major cities, offering speeds of up to 28Mbit/s down.
  • On 16 August 2010, SaskTel activated their new HSPA+ network in Saskatchewan, Canada. Coverage started with major cities and towns and will continue to expand throughout the province, finishing by the end of 2011.[42]
  • On 27 August 2010 Megafon Russia launched their HSPA+ internet service in two cities: Kazan and Naberezhnye Chelny with maximum download speed up to 16 Mbit/s
  • On 9 September 2010 Vidéotron launched their HSPA+ networks with theoretical download speeds of 21 Mbit/s in Quebec, Canada.
  • On 27 September 2010, U Mobile Malaysia launched their HSPA+ networks at Berjaya Times Square, Kuala Lumpur with theoretical download speeds of 42 Mbit/s using Dual-Carrier HSPA (High-Speed Packet Access) connections.[43]
  • On 11 October 2010, Vodafone Portugal launched their HSPA+ networks in Portugal with theoretical download speeds of 42 Mbit/s using Dual-Carrier HSPA (High-Speed Packet Access) connections.[44]
  • Croatian operator Tele2 announced that the 21 Mbit/s HSPA+ will be available around the beginning of December 2010
  • On 5 November 2010 Tata DoCoMo launched their HSPA+ networks with theoretical download speeds of 21 Mbit/s in India,[45] even though most BTS are supported with HSDPA 3.6 Mbit/s.
  • On 9 November 2010, Tusmobil Slovenia launched their HSPA+ network with speeds up to 21 Mbit/s.
  • On 10 November 2010, Russian Mobile TeleSystems announced plans to introduce HSDPA 14 Mbit/s and HSPA+ 21 Mbit/s services in the Moscow region by Q1 2011.[46]
  • On 15 November 2010 Iusacell Mexico launched their HSPA+ network with speeds up to 21 Mbit/s.
  • On 2 December 2010, Si.mobil rolled out their HSPA+ network.
  • In December 2010, BSNL started upgrading their entire 3G network in 760 Indian cities from the current HSDPA (7.2 Mbit/s) standards to the HSPA+ standards with minimum speeds of 14.4 Mbit/s and maximum speeds of 21.1 Mbit/s. The entire up-gradation process will be completed by 31 March 2011.[47]

2011[edit]

  • On 10 February 2011 Vip Mobile Serbia launched their HSPA+ network with speeds up to 42 Mbit/s.[48]
  • On 21 February 2011 Zain Jordan acquired the license to operate the HSPA+ Network in Jordan. The official launch of the service is planned to be at the beginning of March.
  • On 21 March 2011, T-Mobile USA announced their plans to upgrade their HSPA+ network to 42 Mbit/s in three cities and to 25 by mid-year [49]
  • On 31 March 2011 MTS Mobility plans to launch their new HSPA+ (shared with Rogers Wireless) network with speeds up to 21 Mbit/s, alongside their current CDMA network.[50]
  • In 2009 Telus launched their 4G network with speeds up to 21 Mbit/s, and is launching an upgraded 4G network (a major upgrade for Telus Winnipeg) with speeds up to 42 Mbit/s.[51]
  • In March 2011, O2 UK began deploying 21 Mbit/s HSPA+ to its existing up to 14.4 Mbit/s 3G network.[52]
  • In April 2011, 3 UK began its rollout of 21 Mbit/s HSPA+ Mobile Broadband.[54][55]
  • On 5 May 2011 Etisalat Lanka launched 3.75G in Sri Lanka which became the first commercial launch of 3.75G in South Asia. Currently, it has 515 3.75G bases across the country.
  • On 1 June 2011, Cincinnati Bell Wireless began the rollout of its HSPA+ network with peak download speeds of up to 21 Mbit/s and peak upload speeds of up to 5.7 Mbit/s.
  • In 5 August 2011, Smart Communications listed several locations in the Philippines with coverage of its HSPA+ network.[56]
  • In 9 August 2011 Claro Panama announced the availability of their HSPA+ network.[57]
  • On 12 August 2011 Total Access Communication (DTAC) launched HSPA+ up to 42 Mbit/s service in Bangkok, Thailand on the 85042 MHz band. DTAC plans to continue to expand their HSPA+ network with a target of 2000 base stations in 2012 and a further 780 base stations to provide 3G service in a total of 40 provinces.
  • On 30 August 2011 Truemove-H launched its HSPA+ network and will launches in a total of 16 provinces in Thailand before the end of 2011 and plans to increase the number to 77 provinces in 2012. Truemove-H will be the first HSPA+ Operator that provides a nationwide HSPA+ 42 Mbit/s network.
  • On 2 November 2011, MTC Touch, Zain affiliate in Lebanon, officially launched HSPA+ services in Lebanon. The service is to cover all Lebanese territories by beginning of 2012.
  • In December 2011, Iran's third mobile operator Rightel launched the first HSPA+/3G network in the city of Karaj and later in February in the capital Tehran.[58]
  • On 19 December 2011 Pelephone Israel announced that they are upgrading their HSPA+ network with speed up to 42 Mbit/s.[59]
  • On 27 December 2011 Deutsche Telekom announced that they finished upgrading their UMTS-Network to 42 Mbit/s HSPA+ which reaches about 60% of Germany's population. Deutsche Telekom uses DC-HSPA+.

2012[edit]

  • In March 2012, Orange France announced its HSPA+ network has covered more than 50% of the French dwellings.
  • On 16 May 2012, Digicel Trinidad and Tobago launched its HSPA+ network with speeds up to 21 Mbit/s, which covers 75% of Trinidad and Tobago's population.[61]
  • On 19 June 2012, Telenor Serbia launched its commercial HSPA+ network with speeds up to 42 Mbit/s in several cities in Serbia like Belgrade or Zemun.[62]
  • In June 2012, Bouygues Telecom announced its HSPA+ network has also covered more than 50% of the French dwellings.
  • On 25 August 2012, Etisalat - Sri Lanka announced the start of DC-HSPA+. First operator in a South Asian country to do so.[63]
  • As of 2012, Telcel in Mexico is starting to deploy HSPA+.

2013[edit]

  • In June 2013, United States MVNO MetroPCS began providing service and offering devices utilizing T-Mobile's HSPA+ network.
  • As of December 15 in Algeria, Mobilis the national carrier and Ooredoo formely known as Nedjma the private carrier launched simultaneously after approval and obtention of the 3G licenses from the ARPT their HSPA+ networks under the 3G++ brand, covering respectively 14 wilayas for Mobilis and 9 wilayas for Ooredoo from the first day of launch.

2014[edit]

  • In March 2014, third Moroccan mobile company Inwi started using HSPA+ in big cities, alongside its existing 3G CDMA 2000/EV-DO Rev A network, so it can deploy 4G LTE network when the licenses are distributed.[64][65]
  • In April 2014, Cable & Wireless W.I. (LIME) deployed HSPA+ throughout all of mainland of the Caribbean island St. Vincent and most of the Grenadines.[66] Initially the service struggled but as of the 6th of June 2014 most problems seem to have been resolved

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Klas Johansson, Johan Bergman, Dirk Gerstenberger, Mats Blomgren and Anders Wallén (28 January 2009). "Multi-Carrier HSPA Evolution". Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  2. ^ "White paper Long Term HSPA Evolution Mobile broadband evolution beyond 3GPP Release 10". 14 December 2010. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  3. ^ Ericsson (27 January 2009). "Ericsson Review #1 2009 - Continued HSPA Evolution of mobile broadband". Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  4. ^ Internet High-Speed Packet Access (I-HSPA), Nokia Siemens Networks
  5. ^ Ericsson world-first in delivering innovative 3G technology to Telstra – Press Release
  6. ^ World's first 21 Mbit/s eHSPA/HSPA+ data "call" made in Australia
  7. ^ Moving Beyond Borders[dead link]
  8. ^ Sierra Wireless developing world's fastest mobile broadband device for Telstra's Next G network – Press Release
  9. ^ 2degrees Mobile choice
  10. ^ TUANZ praises Telecom's network investment choice
  11. ^ "PCCW Demonstrate HSPA+ enabled NextGen network". Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  12. ^ "StarHub HSPA+ Pilot Test". Retrieved 2009-03-31. [dead link]
  13. ^ "O2 Germany to trial HSDPA+ at 28 MBit". Retrieved 2009-02-17. 
  14. ^ http://www.mobilkomaustria.com/de/presse/20090323.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  15. ^ "CSL launches NextG – The world's fastest mobile broadband network comes to Hong Kong". Retrieved 2009-03-31. 
  16. ^ Press release
  17. ^ "Lebanon set to launch HSPA+ high-speed internet". Retrieved 2009-07-09. 
  18. ^ "DAVE Wireless to have speedy network". Retrieved 2009-06-07. 
  19. ^ Announcements – Vodafone.gr
  20. ^ EMOBILE to Start Japan's First 3.5G/HSPA+ 21Mbps Mobile Data Service from Early AugustMonthly fee starts from 580 yen | EMOBILE Press Release | Company Information | eAccess
  21. ^ "Ericsson to deploy 28 Mbit/s mobile broadband speeds in Telecom Italia's network". Retrieved 2009-02-19. 
  22. ^ "Another first for Swisscom's mobile data network". Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  23. ^ "Smartone-Vodafone press release on their launch of their 21 Mbit/s HSPA+ Network". Retrieved 2011-10-19. 
  24. ^ "Bell's 21Mbps HSPA+ due in Nov.; iPhone imminent?". Retrieved 2009-10-07. 
  25. ^ [1][dead link]
  26. ^ HSPA+ peaks Burj Khalifa's mobile broadband speed to the region's highest
  27. ^ HSPA+ launched in Budapest (hungarian)
  28. ^ a b VIVA
  29. ^ "Etisalat". etisalat.com.eg. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  30. ^ Mobitel vklopil HSPA+ za še hitrejši mobilni internet | Storitve | Mobilna telefonija
  31. ^ "Vodafone Malta - Error Page". vodafone.com.mt. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  32. ^ title=BendBroadband Press Statement
  33. ^ "BendBroadband 4G LTE Wireless Network Upgrade Complete". Pitchengine.com. Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  34. ^ South Africa's Cell C Plans HSPA Network for 2010
  35. ^ velcom – News – velcom announces the commercial launch of 3G on the base of UMTS/HSPA/HSPA+ technology
  36. ^ "Etisalat". etisalat.com.eg. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  37. ^ Indosat Integrated Portal – Home
  38. ^ World's 1st I-HSPA in Ireland | Irish Developer Network ICT Portal
  39. ^ פלאפון נלחמת באינטרנט הקווי: תשיק גלישה סלולרית במהירות של 21 מגה – שוק ההון – דה מרקר TheMarker
  40. ^ "Mid-Year Mobile Broadband Update". Retrieved 2010-09-27. 
  41. ^ "T-Mobile HSPA+ Network Now Delivers Broadest Reach of 4G Speeds in U.S.". Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  42. ^ "Saskatchewan's Largest and Fastest 3G+ Wireless Network is Here!". Retrieved 2010-08-16. 
  43. ^ "U Mobile the first telecommunication service provider in Malaysia to deploy HSPA+ technology to support 42Mbps". Retrieved 2010-09-27. 
  44. ^ "the first telecommunication service provider in Portugal to deploy HSPA+ technology to support 42Mbps". Retrieved 2010-10-11. 
  45. ^ "Tata DOCOMO launches 3G services in India". Retrieved 2010-11-05. 
  46. ^ МТС приступила к модернизации сети в Московском регионе – Москва и Подмосковье
  47. ^ BSNL Upgrading there 3G network to HSPA+
  48. ^ The first HSPA+ network in Serbia
  49. ^ T-Mobile Reveals 42 Mbps HSPA Service, G2x Phone for Spring
  50. ^ MTS' new HSPA+ network launching March 31st with iPhone 4
  51. ^ Telus' 4G network history
  52. ^ O2 Press Release Information
  53. ^ Globe Telecom Launches HSPA+ Network in the Philippines
  54. ^ Three quietly rolling out HSPA+
  55. ^ Three Blog – Moving towards 4G phones
  56. ^ Complete List of Smart HSPA+ Locations for Smart Bro Rocket Plug-It
  57. ^ Claro Panama announces HSPA
  58. ^ "رایتل | سیم کارت دائمی". Rightel.ir. Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  59. ^ פלאפון משדרגת את הרשת לתמוך במהירות 42 מגה-ביט בהשקעה של עשרות מיליוני דולרים – MarkerTV – דה מרקר TheMarker
  60. ^ [2] Enitel estrena internet inalámbrica 4G
  61. ^ "DIGICEL 4G IS HERE – DIGICEL 4G IS HERE". Digiceltt.com. May 16, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  62. ^ "Telenor: About Telenor / Telenor / News / 2012 / Telenor Smart Network at higher speed and better coverage". Telenor.rs. June 19, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  63. ^ "Etisalat – Sri Lanka". Etisalat.lk. Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  64. ^ "Portail inwi". inwi.ma. Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  65. ^ "Inwi migrates to HSPA+". telegeography.com. Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  66. ^ "LIME - Value Every Moment". lime.com. Retrieved 2014-06-28. 

External links[edit]