Faiyum Governorate

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AL-FAYOUM,EGYPT
Governorate of Egypt
Flag of AL-FAYOUM,EGYPT
Flag
Faiyum Governorate on the map of Egypt
Faiyum Governorate on the map of Egypt
Country  Egypt
Seat Faiyum (capital)
Government
 • Governor Hazem Atteya-Allah[1]
Area
 • Total 1,827 km2 (705 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 2,512,792
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
Coat of arms of Fayoum Governorate

Faiyum Governorate (Arabic: ‏محافظة الفيومMuḥāfaẓat al Fayyūm) is one of the governorates of Egypt in the middle of the country. Its capital is the city of Faiyum, located about 81 mi (130 km) south west of Cairo. It has a population of 2,512,792 (2006).[2]

Etymology[edit]

pA A i i G20 n
n
n
N36
pA-y-m (Faiyum)
in hieroglyphs

The name Faiyum comes from Coptic  ̀Ⲫⲓⲟⲙ /Ⲡⲉⲓⲟⲙ efiom/peiom (whence the proper name Ⲡⲁⲓⲟⲙ payoum), meaning the Sea or the Lake, which in turn comes from late Egyptian pA y-m of the same meaning, a reference to the nearby Lake Moeris.

Geography[edit]

The governorate of Faiyum includes:

  • The large fertile Faiyum Oasis, which comprises farmland, Lake Moeris, and some cities.
  • South of the Faiyum Oasis, a smaller depression contains the town of El Gharaq el Sulţāni. It is also irrigated from the Nile.
  • A dry barren depression named Wadi Elrayan, which covers 280 mi² (725 km²), west of the El Gharaq el Sulţāni depression.
  • Desert and dry mountains, which mostly surround the depressions.

Cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mansour appoints 20 new governors". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  2. ^ [1]

External links[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Coordinates: 29°21′48″N 30°44′45″E / 29.36333°N 30.74583°E / 29.36333; 30.74583