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Farmakas is indicative of Cyprus' mountain traditional village culture, with an easy going lifestyle, fresh open air, healthy Mediterranean cuisine, hospitable people and natural picturesque surroundings, rich agricultural diversity, deriving from its fertile grounds and ideal climatic conditions.
Farmakas is infamous in Cyprus and entire Mediterranean region for its rich tomato production, having won numerous national and international awards, as well as celebrated during the annual Farmakas Tomato Festival in October.
Although relatively small, the region is rich in natural diversity, and all within close proximity - from coastal areas, wide planes, to rugged and mountains and forests.
The Troodos Terrane or the Troodos Ophiolite complex dominates the central part of the island of Cyprus, constituting the geological core. The Troodos Ophiolite, which is a section of oceanic crust created about 92 million years ago in what was then the Tethys Ocean. This ophiolite was later thrust, through complex geological processes, almost 2,000 meters (6,500 ft) above sea level. The Troodos ophiolite consists of basic and ultrabasic pillow lavas, fringed by andesitic sheeted dykes. It was formed in the Upper Cretaceous (90 Ma) on the Tethys sea floor, which then extended from the Pyrenees through the Alps to the Himalayas. It is regarded as the most complete, intact and studied ophiolite in the world.
It is a fragment of a fully developed oceanic crust, consisting of plutonic, intrusive and volcanic rocks and chemical sediments. The stratigraphic completeness of the ophiolite makes it unique. It was created during the complex process of sea-floor spreading and formation of oceanic crust and was emerged and placed in its present position through complicated tectonic processes related to the collision of the Eurasian plate to the north and the African plate to the south.
The Troodos Ophiolite has a very significant role for the water budget of the island. Most of the rocks, especially the gabbros and the sheeted dykes are good aquifers due to fracturing. The perennial rivers running radially are feeding the main aquifers in the periphery of the Troodos and the plains.
- Census 2001
- Farmakas Springs, Cyprus 2014
- Troodos Mountains Geology, Cyprus 2014
- Geological Survey Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources and Environment, Republic of Cyprus