Felipe de Neve
|Felipe de Neve|
Statue of Felipe de Neve in the Los Angeles Plaza. The inscription reads: "Felipe de Neve (1728-84). Governor of California 1775-82. In 1781, on orders from King Carlos III of Spain, Felipe de Neve selected a site near the River Porciuncula and laid out the town of El Pueblo de La Reina de Los Angeles, one of two pueblos he founded in Alta California."[sic]
Bailén, Province of Jaén (Spain)
|Occupation||explorer and governor|
Felipe de Neve (1724–1784) was a Spanish governor of Las Californias, an area that included present-day California (United States), Baja California (Mexico) and Baja California Sur (Mexico). His tenure as governor was from 1775 to 1782. Neve is considered a founder of Los Angeles, California and helped to settle Missions Santa Barbara and San José whose surrounding communities became California cities.
Felipe Neve was appointed governor of the Californias in 1775. For two years he was based at Loreto, Baja California but decided to establish the Californias' new capital at Monterey, California.
It was during Neve's administration that Lieutenant José Joaquín Moraga is credited with building the Presidio of San Francisco after the site was selected by Juan Bautista de Anza in 1776. Moraga is also known as the founder of El Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe, today's San Jose, California. On 29 November 1777, Moraga founded San José on orders from Antonio María de Bucareli y Ursúa, Spanish Viceroy of New Spain. It was the first pueblo in the Spanish colony of Nueva California, which later became Alta California. The city served as a farming community to support the Presidio of San Francisco and the Presidio of Monterey.
Later in Neve's tenure, he founded the pueblo of Los Angeles. Neve applied to the viceroy for permission to establish a settlement where Father Juan Crespí met local Indians. With the viceroy's approval, Neve was granted authority from The Crown, Charles III of Spain, to found and establish El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Angeles del Río de Porciúncula. During Neve's tenure as governor, he quarreled constantly with Junípero Serra over the secularization of the Missions and the redistribution of land to the neophytes and soldiers.
Neve's success as provincial governor won him promotion in 1783 to succeed Teodoro de Croix as Comandante General of the Provincias Internas, a position that had authority over all the northern provinces (including Las Californias). He held that position until his death in 1784.
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- "Landmarks of Hispanic Los Angeles". USC Library archives. Retrieved 2010-04-14.
- "Spanish Governors". missiontour.org. Retrieved 2010-04-14.
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- "Phelipe de Neve First Governor of the Californias, 1777–1782". www.sbthp.org. Retrieved 2010-04-14.
- Clyde Arbuckle (1986). Clyde Arbuckle's History of San Jose. Smith McKay Printing. ISBN 978-9996625220.
- The Town of Our Lady Reina of the Angels on the Porciúncula river. (English)
Beilharz, Edwin A. Felipe de Neve: First Governor of California. San Francisco: California Historical Society, 1971.