Fildu de Jos

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Fildu de Jos
Alsófüld
Commune
Wooden church in Fildu de Sus
Wooden church in Fildu de Sus
Commune Fildu de Jos in Sălaj County
Commune Fildu de Jos in Sălaj County
Fildu de Jos is located in Romania
Fildu de Jos
Fildu de Jos
Location of Fildu de Jos
Coordinates: 46°55′11″N 23°03′28″E / 46.91972°N 23.05778°E / 46.91972; 23.05778
Country  Romania
County Actual Salaj county CoA.pngSălaj County
Commune Fildu de Sus
Historic region Transylvania
Government
 • Mayor Ioan Margău (Social Democratic Party)
Area 62.88 km2 (24.28 sq mi)
Population (2002)[1] 1,583
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website Fildu de Jos - Website

Fildu de Jos (Hungarian: Alsófüld) is a commune located in the southern part of Sălaj County, Romania. Fildu de Jos is the contact point between Almaş Basin, the Meses Mountains and the northern part of the Huedin Basin, and is situated at 57 km from Zalău. It is composed of four villages: Fildu de Jos, Fildu de Mijloc (Középfüld), Fildu de Sus (Felsőfüld) and Tetişu (Ketesd).

Archeological excavations have brought to the surface traces of settlements which existed prior to the Roman occupation. The actual villages were situated along the main cross-roads between the Roman camps in the valley of the Crişul Repede River and Porolissum. Fildu de Jos was attested in 1249 under the name Terra Fyld, Fildu de Sus and Fildu de Mijloc in 1415 and Tetişu in 1399.[citation needed]

Population and climate[edit]

At the last census the population counted 1583 inhabitants of which 63.10% were Romanians, 21.22% Hungarians, 15.47% Roma and 0.21% were of other nationalities.[citation needed]

Due to the favourable weather, agriculture is well represented by potato-growing and livestock-breeding.

The picturesque mountainous landscapes and the architectural monuments such as the wooden church "Pogorârea Sfantului Duh" dated from 1727 and entered in the national cultural patrimony, the wooden church "Sfintii Arhangheli" in Fildu de Jos (1630) and the reformed church in Tetisu (14th century) are the main important touristical spectacles which worth visiting.

Wooden church of Fildu de Sus[edit]

The church was built in 1727 by the artist Freont Nicoara from Agrij and Chendre of Petre Brudului. The painting[which?] was executed in 1856 and is very well preserved, but the painter remains unknown. Its central tower stands over 40 m tall. The last renovation was carried out in 1988-1999. It is considered by several authors[by whom?] to be representative of the traditional architecture of this region and is listed on the official list of historic monuments of Romania.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Romanian census data, 2002; retrieved on March 1, 2010
  • Cristache-Panait, Ioana (1978). "Biserica Pogorârea Duhului Sfânt din Fildu de Sus" in Monumente istorice bisericeşti din Eparhia Ortodoxă Română a Oradei. Biserici de lemn: 317-319, Oradea.
  • Szinte, Gábor (1913). "A Kolozsmegyei fatemplomok". Értesítöje IX (1-2): 1-31.
  • Cristache-Panait, Ioana (1971). "Bisericile de lemn din Sălaj" in Buletinul Monumentelor Istorice 1971 (1): 31-40.
  • Ghergariu, Leontin (1973). "Meşterii construcţiilor monumentale de lemn din Sălaj". AMET 1971-73: 255-273, Cluj.
  • Godea, Ioan (1996). Biserici de lemn din România (nord-vestul Transilvaniei). Bucureşti: Editura Meridiane. ISBN 973-33-0315-1.