Flavia Maximiana Theodora

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Flavia Maximiana Theodora. On the reverse, the goddess Pietas, as goddess of the family.

Flavia Maximiana Theodora, also known as Theodora, was an Roman Empress, wife of Constantius Chlorus.

She is often referred to as a stepdaugher of Emperor Maximian by ancient sources, leading to claims by historians Otto Seeck and Ernest Stein that she was born from an earlier marriage between Eutropia, wife of Maximian, and Afranius Hannibalianus.[1] According to this theory, Theodora's father would have been consul in 292 and praetorian prefect under Diocletian.

Timothy Barnes challenges this view stating that all "stepdaughter sources" derive their information from the partially unreliable work Kaisergeschichte, while more reliable sources refer Theodora as Maximian's natural daughter.[2] He concludes that she was born no later than c. 275 to an unnamed earlier wife of Maximian, possibly one of Hannibalianus' daughters.[3]

In 293, Theodora married Flavius Valerius Julius Constantius (later known as Constantius Chlorus), after he had divorced from his first wife, Helena, to strengthen his political position. The couple had six children:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aurelius Victor, Epitome de Caesaribus 39.25; Eutropius, Breviaria 9.22; Jerome, Chronicle 225g; Epitome de Caesaribus 39.2, 40.12, quoted in Timothy Barnes, New Empire, 33; Barnes, New Empire, 33.
  2. ^ Origo Constantini 2; Philostorgius, Historia Ecclesiastica 2.16a, quoted in Barnes, New Empire, 33. See also Panegyrici Latini 10(2)11.4.
  3. ^ Barnes, New Empire, 33–34.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Barnes, Timothy D.. The New Empire of Diocletian and Constantine. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1982. ISBN 0-7837-2221-4

External links[edit]

Media related to Flavia Maximiana Theodora at Wikimedia Commons

Royal titles
Preceded by
Prisca
(wife of Diocletian)
Empress of Rome
305–306
with Galeria Valeria (305–306)
Succeeded by
Galeria Valeria
Preceded by
Eutropia
(wife of Maximian)