Fleurus

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For the battles, see Battle of Fleurus.
Fleurus
Municipality of Belgium
Fleurus JPG00.jpg
Coat of arms of Fleurus
Coat of arms
Fleurus is located in Belgium
Fleurus
Fleurus
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 50°29′N 04°32′E / 50.483°N 4.533°E / 50.483; 4.533Coordinates: 50°29′N 04°32′E / 50.483°N 4.533°E / 50.483; 4.533
Country Belgium
Community French Community
Region Wallonia
Province Hainaut
Arrondissement Charleroi
Government
 • Mayor Jean-Luc Borremans
 • Governing party/ies PS
Area
 • Total 59.28 km2 (22.89 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 22,594
 • Density 380/km2 (990/sq mi)
Postal codes 6220-6224
Area codes 071
Website www.fleurus.be

Fleurus (French pronunciation: ​[flœ.ʁys]) is a Walloon municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. It has been the site of four major battles.

Villages[edit]

Fleurus has seven villages:

History[edit]

Traces of agriculture dating back to the Neolithic Age were found in area known as Fleurjoux and Neuve Baraque. During the Roman times, construction of roads like the (chaussée Brunehaut between Bavay and Cologne).

In October 1155, Henry IV of Luxembourg, also Count of Namur freed the commune which became the city of Fleurus. Henry IV had a castle in Heppignies.

The town has given its name to three battles fought in the area :

Two days before the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 Napoleon I defeated the Prussians in what is known as the Battle of Ligny, although the pivotal action took place just north of Fleurus.

The battles have been commemorated in ship names of the countries involved, which in turn has led to Fleurus Island in Antarctica being named after SS Fleurus,[2] a Norwegian trawler operated by the Falkland Islands in the 1920s. Rue de Fleurus is on the Left Bank in Paris.

In World War II, the only fighting near Fleurus was a tank battle southwest of the town at Vieux Campinaire in September 1944.

0.1 km2 (24.71 acres) was added to the municipality's area in the early 2000s.

Economy[edit]

Children's publisher Proost is a major local employer. The Institut national des radioéléments produces radioactive isotopes for medical use.

Historical population[edit]

Year Population Density Area
January 2002 22,324 (10,626 males and 11,698 females) 377.22/km² 59.18 km²
January 2004 22,209 (10,619 males, 11,590 females) 374.64/km² 59.28 km²

References[edit]

  1. ^ Population per municipality on 1 January 2013 (XLS; 607.5 KB)
  2. ^ "Fleurus Island". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2013-12-3.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)