Fort-Shevchenko

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Fort-Shevchenko
Fort-Shevchenko from the air
Fort-Shevchenko from the air
Coat of arms of Fort-Shevchenko
Coat of arms
Fort-Shevchenko is located in Kazakhstan
Fort-Shevchenko
Fort-Shevchenko
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 44°31′N 50°16′E / 44.517°N 50.267°E / 44.517; 50.267
Country Kazakhstan
Province Mangystau Province
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 4,888
Time zone +5 (UTC+5)

Fort Shevchenko (Russian: Форт-Шевченко) is a military-base town and administrative center of Tupkaragan District in Mangystau Province, Kazakhstan on the Caspian Sea. Primary industries include fishing and the extraction of stone. Population: 4,888 (2009 Census results);[1] 3,624 (1999 Census results).[1]

History[edit]

The city was founded as a military stronghold by the Imperial Russian Navy. Until 1857 it was known as Novopetrovskoye (Новопетровское) and from 1857-1939 as Fort Alexandrovsky (Форт-Александровский). It was named for Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko, who was assigned to military service here during his exile. Today the town is used by the Kazakhstan Navy as a base.

The coat of arms of Fort Alexandrovsky was approved October 22, 1908, along with other arms of the Transcaspian field: It is black and silver depicting the fortress and two fish.

There are several landmarks of significance; Shevchenko Memorial Museum, National History, and ethnographic museums. The Shevchenko Memorial Museum opened in 1932 near where he had been hiding. There are also some remnants of the fortress, a monument to Shevchenko and a state grave of Civil War heroes.

31 km from the city is the necropolis Beysenbay and up the coast the site Bautino.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Fort-Shevchenko at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 44°31′N 50°16′E / 44.517°N 50.267°E / 44.517; 50.267