Frederick Robinson, 2nd Marquess of Ripon

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The Most Honourable

The Marquess of Ripon

GCVO FRS
Marquis of Ripon.jpg
The Marquess of Ripon.
Personal details
Born 29 January 1852
Died 23 September 1923
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Lady Gwladys Herbert
(1859–1917)

Frederick Oliver Robinson, 2nd Marquess of Ripon GCVO FRS (29 January 1852 – 23 September 1923), styled Viscount Goderich between 1859 and 1871 and Earl de Grey between 1871 and 1909, was a British courtier and Liberal politician.

Background[edit]

Robinson was the only son and only surviving child of George Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon and grandson of Prime Minister F. J. Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon. His mother was Henrietta Anne Theodosia Vyner, daughter of Henry Vyner.[1] He was educated at Eton College.[2]

Political career[edit]

Viscount Goderich was attached to the British commission sent, under his father's head, to Washington to settle the Alabama claims in 1871.[2] Styled Earl de Grey after his father was elevated to a marquessate later in 1871, he entered Parliament for Ripon in 1874,[3] a seat he held until 1880.[1] A long time friend of King Edward VII,[4] in July 1901 he was appointed Treasurer to Queen Alexandra.[5] He was made a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO) in December 1901,[6] and promoted to Knight Grand Cross (GCVO) in 1909.[7] In 1909 he succeeded his father in the marquessate and took his seat in the House of Lords.[1]

He was Captain of the 27th West Riding of Yorkshire Volunteers in 1870, and JP for the counties of North and West Ridings and the Liberty of Ripon. He was also a trustee of the Wallace Collection[8] and a supporter of the Royal Opera House.[9]

Sporting Interests[edit]

Lord Ripon was a fast, accurate game shooter, who was noted to down 28 pheasants in sixty seconds as a shooting party guest on the Sandringham House estate.[4] He also holds the record of the greatest recorded lifetime bag of birds shot - 556,000, including 241,000 pheasants.[10]

Personal life[edit]

Lord Ripon married Constance Gwladys Herbert, daughter of Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea and widow of St George Lowther, 4th Earl of Lonsdale, in 1885. She was a noted patron of the arts, friend among many other artists to Oscar Wilde and Nellie Melba. They had no children. She died in October 1917, aged 58. Lord Ripon survived her by six years and died in September 1923, aged 71,[1] having collapsed on Dallowgill Moor near Studley Royal Park,[4] after shooting 52 birds that morning.[10] He was buried at St Mary's, Studley Royal, and on his death all his titles became extinct.[4]

Edith, the grandmother of the author Barbara Taylor Bradford, worked as a servant for the Marquess, and lived in properties owned by him. She named two of her illegitimate children Freda and Frederick. Taylor Bradford's biographer, Piers Dudgeon, uncovered evidence that their father was the Marquess. Edith later lived in a workhouse.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d thepeerage.com Frederick Oliver Robinson, 2nd Marquess of Ripon
  2. ^ a b The Complete Peerage, Volume XI. St Catherine's Press. 1949. p. 5. 
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24062. p. 488. 3 February 1874.
  4. ^ a b c d The Complete Peerage, Volume XI. p. 6. 
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27292. p. 1648. 8 March 1901.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27390. p. 9061. 24 December 1901.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28316. p. 9413. 10 December 1909.
  8. ^ Kelly's Handbook of the Titled, Landed and Official Classes 1920. Kelly's. p. 1373. 
  9. ^ "Ripon Civic Society". Ripon Gazette. 
  10. ^ a b McWhirter, Norris and Ross (editors) (1972). The Guinness Book of Records. Guinness Superlatives Ltd. p. 290. 
  11. ^ Rachel Cooke (8 October 2006). "You can never be too rich". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Henry Knight Storks
Member of Parliament for Ripon
1874–1880
Succeeded by
George Goschen
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George Frederick Samuel Robinson
Marquess of Ripon
1909–1923
Extinct