Ripon (UK Parliament constituency)

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Ripon
Former [[Borough (to 1885)
County (from 1885) constituency]]
for the House of Commons
County West Riding of Yorkshire
1295–1983
Number of members Two
Replaced by Skipton and Ripon, Keighley and Leeds North West

Ripon was a constituency sending members to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1983, centred on the city of Ripon in North Yorkshire.

History[edit]

Ripon was first represented in the Model Parliament of 1295, and also returned members in 1307 and 1337, but it was not permanently represented until 1553, after which it returned two Members of Parliament. It was a parliamentary borough consisting only of the town of Ripon itself until the Great Reform Act of 1832; the right to vote was vested in the holders of the burgage tenements, but voting was rare for the last contested election in Ripon before the Reform Act had been in 1715! By 1832 it was estimated that there were 43 men qualified to vote, though the population of the borough was over 5,000.

A population of this size made Ripon one of the more substantial boroughs, and after the Reform Act it kept its right to return two members, though the boundaries of the borough were slightly extended to bring in another 600 people living in the neighbouring parish of Aismunderby-cum-Bondgate. However, the next Reform Act, which came into force at the 1868 election, reduced Ripon's representation from two MPs to one.

The Reform Act of 1885 abolished the borough of Ripon, but the county constituency in which the town was placed as a result was named Ripon (strictly speaking, at first, "The Ripon Division of the West Riding of Yorkshire"), and this continued as a single member constituency, though with some boundary changes, until it was abolished before the 1983 general election. Until 1950 it included, as well as Ripon itself, the towns of Harrogate and Knaresborough; after that date they were excluded, but the boundaries instead took in Ilkley and Otley.

Members of Parliament[edit]

  • Constituency re-created (1553)

MPs 1553–1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1553 (Oct) Marmaduke Wyvill Edward Beseley [1]
1554 (Apr) William Rastell John Temple [1]
1554 (Nov) Thomas More II Thomas Seckford [1]
1555 John Holmes Thomas Poley [1]
1558 William Heath Thomas Lewknor [1]
1559 Francis Kempe John Sapcote[2]
1562/3 George Leighe Richard Pratt [2]
1571 Martin Birkhead Anthony Roane [2]
1572 Martin Birkhead John Scott [2]
1584 William Spencer Gervase Lee [2]
1586 William Spencer Samuel Sandys [2]
1588 Peter York William Smith [2]
1593 Anthony Wingfield William Bennet [2]
1597 Sir John Bennet Christopher Perkins [2]
1601 John Thornborough Christopher Perkins [2]
1604 Sir John Mallory Sir John Bennet
1614 Sir Thomas Posthumous Hoby William Mallory
1621 Sir Thomas Posthumous Hoby William Mallory
1624 Sir Thomas Posthumous Hoby William Mallory
1625 Sir Thomas Posthumous Hoby William Mallory
1626 Thomas Best Sir Thomas Posthumous Hoby
1628 Sir Thomas Posthumous Hoby William Mallory
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

MPs 1640–1867[edit]

Year First member First party Second member Second party
November 1640 William Mallory Royalist John Mallory Royalist
September 1642 William Mallory disabled to sit - seat vacant
January 1644 John Mallory disabled to sit - seat vacant
1645 Sir Charles Egerton Miles Moody (d. March 1647)
1647 Sir John Bourchier
December 1648 Egerton excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant
1653 Ripon was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Edmund Jennings Jonathan Jennings
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Henry Arthington Edmund Jennings
1661 John Nicholas Thomas Burwell
1673 Sir Edmund Jennings
February 1679 Richard Sterne
August 1679 Christopher Wandesford
1685 Sir Gilbert Dolben, 1st Baronet Sir Edmund Jennings
1689 Sir Jonathan Jennings Sir Edward Blackett, Bt
1690 Sir Edmund Jennings
1691 Jonathan Jennings
1695 John Aislabie Tory
1701 John Sharp
1702 Sir William Hustler
1705 John Aislabie[3] Tory, later Country Whig
1715 The Viscount Castlecomer
1719 William Aislabie the elder
1721 William Aislabie the younger Tory
1722 John Scrope
1727 William Aislabie the third
1734 Thomas Duncombe
1741 Hon. Henry Vane Whig
1747 Sir Charles Vernon
1761 William Lawrence
1768 Charles Allanson
1775 William Lawrence Tory
1780 Frederick Robinson Tory
1781 William Lawrence Tory
1787 Sir John Goodricke, Bt Tory
1789 Sir George Allanson-Winn, Bt[4] Tory
April 1798 John Heathcote Tory
October 1798 Sir James Graham, Bt Tory
1806 The Lord Headley Tory
1807 Frederick John Robinson Tory George Gipps Tory
1826 Lancelot Shadwell Tory
1827 Louis Hayes Petit Tory
1828 Sir Robert Inglis Tory
1829 George Spence Tory
1831 Whig Whig
1832 Thomas Staveley Whig Joshua Crompton Whig
1835 Sir Charles Dalbiac Conservative Thomas Pemberton Conservative
1837 Sir Edward Sugden Conservative
1841 Sir George Cockburn Conservative
1843 Thomas Berry Cusack Smith Conservative
1846 Hon. Edwin Lascelles Conservative
1847 Sir James Graham, Bt Peelite
1852 William Beckett Conservative
1857 John Ashley Warre Liberal John Greenwood Liberal
1860 Reginald Vyner Liberal
1865 Sir Charles Wood Liberal Robert Kearsley Liberal
1866 Lord John Hay Liberal
1868 Representation reduced to one member
  1. ^ a b c d e "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  3. ^ Expelled from the House of Commons in 1721 for his role in the South Sea Bubble
  4. ^ Lord Headley (in the peerage of Ireland) from 1797

MPs 1868–1983[edit]

Election Member Party
1868 Lord John Hay Liberal
1871 by-election Sir Henry Knight Storks Liberal
1874 Earl de Grey Liberal
1880 George Goschen Liberal
1885 Ripon parliamentary borough abolished, replaced by Ripon Division of the West Riding (county constituency)
1885 William Harker Liberal
1886 John Lloyd Wharton Conservative
1906 Henry Finnis Blosse Lynch Liberal
Jan. 1910 Hon. Edward Wood Conservative
1925 by-election John Waller Hills Conservative
1939 by-election Christopher York Conservative
1950 Sir Malcolm Stoddart-Scott Conservative
1973 by-election David Austick Liberal
Feb 1974 Dr Keith Hampson Conservative
1983 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

1920s[edit]

Ripon by-election, 1925

Electorate 37,338[1]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Waller Hills 16,433 59.0
Liberal John Murray 11,422 41.0
Majority 5,011 18.0
Turnout 74.6
Conservative hold Swing
1929 General Election

Electorate 55,191[2]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Waller Hills 23,173 55.1
Liberal Frederick L Boult 14,542 34.6
Labour Arthur Godfrey 4,339 10.3
Majority 8,631 20.5
Turnout 76.2
Conservative hold Swing

1930s[edit]

General election, 1931
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Waller Hills 37,898 88.1
Labour Cllr. R. J. Hall 5,125 11.9
Conservative hold Swing


General Election, 14 November 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Waller Hills 30,804
Labour Cllr. R. J. Hall 9,116
Conservative hold Swing
Ripon by-election, 1939
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher York 23,257
Labour Cllr. R. J. Hall 10,213
Conservative hold Swing

1940s[edit]

United Kingdom general election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher York 29,674 61.3
Labour R Hartley 12,599 26.0
Liberal Mrs. Mabel Cowley 6,122 12.6
Conservative hold Swing

1950s[edit]

United Kingdom general election, 1950
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Malcolm Stoddart-Scott 22,292 66.3
Labour WS Hill 11,317 33.7
Conservative hold Swing
United Kingdom general election, 1951
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Malcolm Stoddart-Scott 23,047 68.4
Labour SJ Andrews 10,627 31.6
Conservative hold Swing
United Kingdom general election, 1955
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Malcolm Stoddart-Scott 21,977 73.6
Labour R Hoyle 8,974 26.4
Conservative hold Swing
United Kingdom general election, 1959
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Malcolm Stoddart-Scott 22,757 69.9
Labour JH Swann 9,791 30.1
Conservative hold Swing

1960s[edit]

United Kingdom general election, 1964
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Malcolm Stoddart-Scott 18,503 54.9
Liberal Ronald HH Duncan 7,814 23.2
Labour Peter A O'Grady 7,341 21.8
Conservative hold Swing
United Kingdom general election, 1966
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Malcolm Stoddart-Scott 17,352 52.2
Labour Michael McGowan 8,607 25.9
Liberal Ronald HH Duncan 7,301 22.0
Conservative hold Swing

1970s[edit]

United Kingdom general election, 1970
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Malcolm Stoddart-Scott 21,211 60.7
Labour David Daniel 9,147 26.2
Liberal Miss Valerie S Craven 4,583 13.1
Conservative hold Swing
Ripon by-election, 1973
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal David Austick 13,902 43.5 +30.4
Conservative Keith Hampson 12,956 40.5 -20.2
Labour D.M. English 4,435 13.9 -12.3
Independent Conservative R.E.G. Simmerson 690 2.1 N/A
Majority 946 3.0 N/A
Turnout 64.3 -9.4
Registered electors 49,761
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
United Kingdom general election, February 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Keith Hampson 21,080 49.6
Liberal David Austick 16,745 39.4
Labour DM English 4,643 10.9
Conservative hold Swing
United Kingdom general election, October 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Keith Hampson 20,636 52.1
Liberal David Austick 13,632 34.3
Labour SP Meyer 5,330 13.5
Conservative hold Swing
United Kingdom general election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Keith Hampson 25,292 60.3
Liberal R Tennant 9,089 21.7
Labour WN Davies 6,749 16.1
Ecology A Laurence 781 1.9
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  2. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  • D. Brunton & D. H. Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • "Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803" (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [1]
  • F W S Craig, "British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885" (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • F W S Craig, "British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949" (Glasgow: Political Reference Publications, 1969)
  • J Holladay Philbin, "Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales" (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
  • Henry Stooks Smith, "The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847" (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
  • Frederic A Youngs, jr, "Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol II" (London: Royal Historical Society, 1991)
  • "The Constitutional Year Book for 1913" (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]