Friday the 13th Part III
|Friday the 13th Part III|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Steve Miner|
|Produced by||Frank Mancuso, Jr.|
|Written by||Martin Kitrosser
Ron Kurz (characters)
Victor Miller (characters)
Petru Popescu (uncredited)
|Music by||Harry Manfredini
|Edited by||George Hively|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Running time||95 minutes|
|Box office||$36,690,067 (domestic)|
Friday the 13th Part III (also known as Friday the 13th Part 3) is a 1982 horror film and the third entry in the Friday the 13th franchise, directed by Steve Miner. Originally released in 3-D, it is the first film to feature antagonist Jason Voorhees wearing his signature hockey mask, which has become a trademark of both the character and franchise, as well an icon in American cinema and horror films in general. As a direct sequel to Friday the 13th (1980) and Friday the 13th Part 2 (1981), the film follows a group of co-eds on vacation at a house on Crystal Lake, where Jason Voorhees has taken refuge.
When first released, the film was intended to end the series as a trilogy. However unlike its sequel Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter (1984) and the later film, Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday (1993), Friday the 13th Part III did not include a moniker in its title to indicate it as such.
Despite poor reviews from critics, Friday the 13th Part III was released to commercial financial success, bringing in over $36.6 million at the domestic box office on a budget of $2.5 million and being the first film to remove E.T.: The Extra Terrestrial (1982) from the number-one box office spot and becoming the second highest-grossing horror film of 1982, behind Poltergeist. The film has also obtained a cult following within recent years, with many fans celebrating the introduction of the hockey mask, the over-the-top characters, use of 3-D, and retro disco soundtrack. Jason's look in this film, which varies greatly from its predecessor, has also become the look to which the character is modeled after in later incarnations.
Picking up after the events in the previous film, Jason, who had survived the attack by Ginny Field and Paul Holt, sneaks to a local store to steal clothes from the live-in couple Edna and Harold. He kills Harold with a meat cleaver to the chest and impales Edna through the back of the head with her knitting needle before moving on to Higgins Haven, a nearby lakefront cottage, where he hides in the barn. Meanwhile, Chris Higgins and her friends come to visit for the weekend. The group includes prankster Shelly, the beautiful Vera, Chris's boyfriend Rick, the pregnant Debbie, Debbie's boyfriend Andy, and stoners Chuck and Chili. Vera and Shelly run into bikers Ali, Fox, and Loco at a convenience store and Shelly knocks over their motorcycles with a VW Beetle, impressing Vera.
Jason, recovering from his injuries, kills Fox and Loco with pitchforks as they attempt to set fire to the barn after siphoning gas from Chris's van. Ali attacks Jason and is beaten unconscious with a pipe wrench. As night falls, Chris and Rick go for a drive. While they are gone, Jason appears. He slits Shelly's throat and steals his hockey mask. Now with a hockey mask to conceal his disfigured face, he proceeds to murder the rest of the group. He kills Vera by shooting her in the eye with a harpoon gun. While Andy is doing a handstand, he looks up to see Jason, who slices him in half with his machete. Debbie has a carving knife shoved through her neck while she is reclining on a hammock. When the power goes out, Chuck is electrocuted while checking out the power box, and Chili is impaled in the stomach with a red-hot fire poker.
Meanwhile, Chris fills Rick in on what happened two years prior when she ran away from home, and was attacked by a horrible, disfigured man in the woods. Rick and Chris return to discover the house in disarray. Rick wanders out alone. Chris goes outside to call out to him, but Jason keeps his hand held over his mouth just a few feet away. Chris goes back inside and Jason kills Rick by crushing his skull with his bare hands, causing his eye to pop out.
When Chris goes to search for Rick she encounters Loco's corpse. She hides in the house, until Jason hurls Rick's body through the window. She stabs him and hangs him, but he remains alive. Jason takes off his hockey mask to remove the rope from his neck. Chris recognizes Jason as the man who attacked her two years prior. Ali awakens from his earlier attack and grabs Jason, trying to save Chris. However Jason severs his right hand and hacks him to death with his machete. Chris picks up an axe and brings it down on his skull. Terrified after he staggers after her for a few steps, Chris then watches Jason fall to the ground presumably dead at her feet.
Chris pushes a canoe out onto the lake, where she falls asleep before awakening, frightened. She sees an unmasked Jason in the house and tries to flee when he comes after her, only to realize that his coming after her was just her imagination. The decayed body of Pamela Voorhees suddenly leaps from the lake and pulls her under the water, which also turns out only to be a dream. A period of time later, the police arrive and take the clearly hysterical and disturbed Chris to the hospital as the camera pans over to Jason, dead on the floor of the barn, and showing the lake is at peace again.
- Richard Brooker as Jason Voorhees
- Dana Kimmell as Chris Higgins
- Paul Kratka as Rick
- Tracie Savage as Debbie
- Jeffrey Rogers as Andy
- Catherine Parks as Vera Sanchez
- Larry Zerner as Shelly
- David Katims as Chuck
- Rachel Howard as Chili
- Marilyn Poucher as Pamela Voorhees
- Amy Steel as Ginny Field (flashback from Part 2)
- John Furey as Paul Holt (flashback from Part 2)
- Nick Savage as Ali
- Gloria Charles as Fox
- Kevin O'Brien as Loco
- Cheri Maugans as Edna
- Steve Susskind as Harold
- Perla Walter as Mrs. Sanchez
- David Wiley as Abel
(Steve Daskawisz (also known as Steve Dash) appears as Jason during flashback from Part 2) (Betsy Palmer appears as Mrs. Voorhees during flashback from Part 2)
The script for Part III called for Jason to wear a mask to cover his face, having worn a bag over his head in Part 2; what no one knew at the time was that the mask chosen would become a trademark for the character, and one instantly recognizable in popular culture in the years to come.  During production, Steve Miner called for a lighting check, but none of the effects crew wanted to apply any make-up for the light check, so they decided to just throw a mask on Brooker. Martin Jay Sadoff, the film's 3-D effects supervisor, kept a bag with him full of hockey gear, as he was a hockey fan, and he pulled out a Detroit Red Wings goaltender mask for the test. Miner loved the mask, but during test shots it was too small. Using a technique called VacuForm, Doug White enlarged the mask and created a new mold to work with. After White finished the molds, Terry Ballard placed the new red triangles on the mask to give it a unique appearance. Holes would be punched into the mask, and the markings were altered, making it different from Sadoff's mask. There were two prosthetic face masks created for Richard Brooker to wear underneath the hockey mask. One mask was composed of approximately 11 different appliances, and took about six hours to apply to Brooker's face; this mask was used for scenes where the hockey mask was removed. In the scenes where the hockey mask is over the face, a simple head mask was created. This one piece mask would simply slip on over Brooker's head, exposing his face but not the rest of his head.
This was the first Paramount Pictures film produced in 3-D since 1954. The film was shot with the Arrivision "over and under" 3-D camera, the same that was used with Jaws 3-D. It was also the first film in the series to be presented in Dolby Stereo upon its theatrical release.
Some of the deaths in the film were edited in order to avoid an "X" rating, including: Andy's death, which showed his right leg being cut off and his stomach being torn open; Vera's death was cut of bloodshed and her subsequent reaction (this was cut for supposedly looking "too good"); Edna's death was cut for excessive blood flow; Chili's impalement with the red-hot poker was cut of steaming blood hitting the floor; Debbie's original death showed blood spraying across her chest and face.
The film's music was composed by Harry Manfredini, who previously composed the scores of the series' first two installments. Upon the release of the third film in 1982, Gramavision Records released a LP album of selected pieces of Manfredini's scores from the first three Friday the 13th films. On January 13, 2012, La-La Land Records released a limited edition 6-CD boxset containing Manfredini's scores from the first six films. It sold out in less than 24 hours.
The film opened in 1,079 theaters in 3-D taking in $9,406,522 its opening weekend. Domestically, the film made $36,690,067, a greater figure than the $21,722,776 of the second film. Up to 2009, it still stands the fourth highest grossing film in the Friday the 13th series. The movie also stands as the tenth highest-grossing R-rated film of 1982, the second-highest grossing horror film of 1982, the sixth largest box office opening of 1982, and adjusted for inflation it is the ninth highest-grossing slasher film of all time. 
Friday the 13th Part III received generally negative reviews from critics upon its theatrical release. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 14% of 22 film critics have given the film a positive review, with a rating average of 3.5 out of 10.
Janet Maslin of The New York Times gave the a mediocre review stating that it "would be a little better than Part I or Part II even without 3-D." In continuing to compare the film to its predecessors, Maslin commented that "it's a little more adept at teasing the audience." The entertainment-trade magazine Variety provided a general consensus stating, "Friday the 13th was dreadful and took in more than $17 million. Friday the 13th Part 2 was just as bad and took in more than $10 million. Friday the 13th Part III is terrible, too." The magazine added, "There are some dandy 3-D sequences, however, of a yo-yo going up and down and popcorn popping."
Friday the 13th Part III was first made available on home video on VHS, Betamax, Capacitance Electronic Disc, and LaserDisc and later on DVD, with the film presented only in 2D form. There was also a VHD release for Japan (Part IV and Part V would follow). The 3-D version of the film was eventually released as a part of the film's DVD "Deluxe Edition" on February 3, 2009. The "Deluxe Edition" and eventual Blu-ray release include both the 2D and 3-D versions of the film, as well as two pairs of blue and red 3-D glasses designed to look like Jason's mask.
- "Friday the 13th Part 3 Script". Retrieved 5 April 2014.
- "11 Looks of Terror!!! Jason's Mask Throughout The Years!!!". Bloody Disgusting. 26 July 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
- Bracke, Peter (October 1, 2006). Crystal Lake Memories: The Complete History of Friday The 13th (First ed.). Los Angeles, California: Titan Books. pp. 84–94. ISBN 978-1845763435.
- Hayes, R. M. (October 1998). 3-D Movies: A History and Filmography of Stereoscopic Cinema (Second ed.). Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. pp. 96–97. ISBN 978-0786405787.
- Thomas McGee, Mark (March 2001). Beyond Ballyhoo: Motion Picture Promotion and Gimmicks (Second ed.). Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 97. ISBN 978-0786411146. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
- "Harry Manfredini Filmography". Retrieved 5 April 2014.
- "La-La Land Records: Friday the 13th". La-La Land Records. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "Friday the 13th Part III (1982)". IMDB. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
- "Friday the 13th Part 2 (1981)". IMDB. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
- "Friday the 13th Movies at the Box Office". IMDB. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
- "Friday the 13th Part 3 (1982)". Flixster. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
- Maslin, Janet (13 August 1982). "Movie Review – Friday the 13th Part 3". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 December 2012.
- "Variety Review – Friday the 13th Part III". Variety. 1982. Retrieved 9 December 2012.
- "400 nominated screen characters AFI's Top 50 heroes and top 50 villains". American Film Institute. 2005. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
- Liebman, Martin (12 June 2009). "Friday the 13th Part 3 Blu-ray Review". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Friday the 13th Part III|
- Friday the 13th Part III at the Internet Movie Database
- Friday the 13th Part III at AllMovie
- Friday the 13th Part III at Rotten Tomatoes
- Friday the 13th Part III at Box Office Mojo
- Film page at the Camp Crystal Lake web site
- Film page at Fridaythe13thfilms.com