Fults Hill Prairie State Natural Area

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Fults Hill Prairie State Natural Area
IUCN category Ib (wilderness area)
A steep hillside prairie overlooking the Mississippi River bottoms  U.S. National Natural LandmarkDesignated: 1986
Map showing the location of Fults Hill Prairie State Natural Area
Map showing the location of Fults Hill Prairie State Natural Area
Map of the U.S. state of Illinois showing the location of Fults Hill Prairie State Natural Area
Location Monroe County, Illinois, USA
Nearest city Waterloo, Illinois
Coordinates 37°58′39″N 89°48′02″W / 37.97750°N 89.80056°W / 37.97750; -89.80056Coordinates: 37°58′39″N 89°48′02″W / 37.97750°N 89.80056°W / 37.97750; -89.80056
Area 997 acres (403 ha)
Established 1970
Governing body Illinois Department of Natural Resources

Fults Hill Prairie State Natural Area, also known as the Fults Hill Prairie Nature Preserve, is an Illinois Nature Preserve on 997 acres (403 ha) in Monroe County, Illinois, United States. A key feature of the preserve is a 532-acre (215 ha) hill prairie located on the east bluff of the Mississippi River near Fults, Illinois. The Fults Hill Prairie has been listed as a National Natural Landmark.[1]

Natural resources[edit]

The preserve is dominated by steep Mississippi River limestone bluffs and ravines. On top of the bluff lies a thick coating of windblown loess soil. This parcel of land has grown into a hill prairie of grasses and forbs characteristic of the tallgrass prairie, and varied by snatches of fire-resistant trees such as the bur oak.[1]

The preserve is home to a vide variety of species found in few other location in Illinois. Some of these include big bluestem grass, plains scorpion, cactus, skinks, and fence lizards.[1]

History and description[edit]

The upland or hill prairie was once the dominant ecosystem for much of the land that became the U.S. state of Illinois, the Prairie State. The state's Department of Natural Resources, which owns the prairie parcel, describes it as containing "the largest complex of the highest quality, essentially undisturbed loess hill prairies along the Mississippi River in Illinois."[1] Most of the prairie acreage that makes up this parcel apparently remained un-plowed during the pioneer years of the 1800s.

The nature preserve was dedicated as an Illinois Nature Preserve in 1970, and was listed as a National Natural Landmark in 1986.[1]

The preserve is located approximately 1.6 miles (2.6 km) south of Fults. It is owned and managed by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Fults Hill Prairie Nature Preserve: Monroe County". Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2009-02-14. 

External links[edit]

Panoramic view of a portion of the hill prairie and the Mississippi flood plain below