Gare de Strasbourg

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Gare de Strasbourg SNCF
SNCF railway station
Gare de Strasbourg Interior, Alsace, France - Diliff.jpg
Original building under the modern canopy built in 2007
Station statistics
Address 20 Place de la gare, 67000 Strasbourg
Coordinates 48°35′06″N 7°44′04″E / 48.58500°N 7.73444°E / 48.58500; 7.73444Coordinates: 48°35′06″N 7°44′04″E / 48.58500°N 7.73444°E / 48.58500; 7.73444
Line(s) Paris–Strasbourg railway,
Strasbourg–Basel railway,
Appenweier–Strasbourg railway
Tracks 13
Other information
Opened 1841
Rebuilt 1883
Owned by RFF / SNCF
Website gare-strasbourg.fr
Traffic
Passengers (2012) 75,000 (daily)[1]

Gare de Strasbourg is the main railway station in the commune of Strasbourg, in Bas-Rhin, France. It is the eastern terminus of the Paris–Strasbourg railway. The current core building, an example of historicist architecture of the Wilhelminian period, replaced a previous station inaugurated in 1852, later turned into a covered market and ultimately demolished.

Previous history[edit]

Strasbourg's first railway station was inaugurated on 19 September 1841 with the opening of the Strasbourg–Basel railway. It was situated far from the city center, in the district of Koenigshoffen.[2] On 11 July 1846, it was moved to the city center; a new building was designed (as a terminus station) by the French architect Jean-André Weyer (1805–??) and inaugurated on 18 July 1852 by Président Bonaparte. After the German annexation of Alsace following the Franco-Prussian War and as part of the general rebuilding of the town after the Siege of Strasbourg, the construction of a larger station (not a terminus station) was decided and began in 1878. Weyer's station became Strasbourg's central market hall in 1884. It was demolished in 1974.[3]

Building[edit]

The historical building of Strasbourg's current railway station was built between 1878 and 1883 by the German architect Johann Eduard Jacobsthal (1839–1902). In 1900, Hermann Eggert, architect of the imperial palace Palais du Rhin, added a special waiting section and staircase for the German emperor, Wilhelm II, now known as the Salon de l'empereur, with stained glass windows by the manufacturers Ott Frères. The historical building was classified as a Monument historique (type "inscrit") on 28 December 1984. Prior to the opening of the high speed train line LGV Est, the station was refurbished by architect Jean-Marie Duthilleul (born 1952) in 2006–2007 and its size and capacity largely increased by the addition of a huge glass roof entirely covering the historical façade. The modernization of the station was bestowed a Brunel Award in 2008.[4] [5] [6]

The main hall is adorned by two larger than life statues of female allegorical figures representing Industry and Agriculture. They are the work of Otto Geyer.[4] Geyer also sculpted the figured reliefs adorning the historical façade, both of which bear his signature.

Works by Otto Geyer (1882)

Relief on façade
Relief on façade
Statue "Agriculture"

The main hall also used to display two frescos by Hermann Knackfuss, painted in 1885, one depicting William I's visit of the fortress Fort Kronprinz in Hausbergen (now Fort Foch, Niederhausbergen), belonging to the fortified belt around Strasbourg, on 3 May 1877 and the other one, as a historical parallel, depicting in Frederick I's arrival in Haguenau in 1164. The two works of art, called Im alten Reich and Im neuen Reich ("In the old Empire" and "In the new Empire") were removed at some point in the 20th century and are lost.[4]

Gare de Strasbourg as viewed from Place de la Gare at dusk, showing the new and old façades

Services[edit]

Gare de Strasbourg around 1910
Historical main hall
A TGV (right) and a TER (left) in Gare de Strasbourg

The station is the main station in Strasbourg and one of the main stations in France with 75,000 passengers a day in 2012.

TGV[edit]

Other Main Line services[edit]

  • Paris - Strasbourg - Berlin - Warsaw - Minsk - Moscow (since 9 April 2013)[7]
  • Strasbourg - Lyon
  • Strasbourg - Port-Bou
  • Zurich - Strasbourg - Luxembourg - Bruxelles
  • Strasbourg - Avignon - Nice

TER[edit]

  • Strasbourg - Colmar - Mulhouse - Basel (TER Alsace with high-speed TER 200 trains)[8]
  • Strasbourg - Haguenau
  • Strasbourg - Metz
  • Strasbourg - Nancy
  • Strasbourg - Saint-Dié-des-Vosges - Épinalhttp://www.ter-sncf.com/Regions/alsace/fr/Se_deplacer_en_TER/Avant_mon_voyage/Flash_actus/DetailsFlash_actus.aspx?URI=tcm%3A10-75121
  • Strasbourg - Sarreguemines - Saarbrücken(D)
  • Strasbourg - Kehl - Offenburg (Métro-Rhin and Ortenau-S-Bahn)
Preceding station   SNCF   Following station
toward Paris-Est
TGV Terminus
toward northwestern France
TGV
Terminus TGV
toward Zürich
Terminus TGV
toward southeastern France
Terminus
ICE/TGV 83
towards Munich Hbf
towards Marseille
ICE/TGV 84
toward Brussels Hbf
EuroCity
toward Zürich Hbf
Terminus Intercités
night trains
toward Nice-Ville
Terminus Intercités
night trains
toward Portbou
Terminus TER Alsace 1
toward Basel SBB
TER Alsace 2
toward Mulhouse
TER Alsace 3
toward Sarrebourg
TER Alsace 4
toward Wissembourg
TER Alsace 5
toward Niederbronn
TER Alsace 6
toward Saarbrücken
TER Alsace 7
toward Barr
TER Alsace 8
TER Alsace 9
toward Lauterbourg
TER Alsace 11
toward Offenburg
toward Metz-Ville
TER Lorraine 21 Terminus
toward Nancy-Ville
TER Lorraine 23

Local transport connections[edit]

The station also serves lines A, C and D of the Strasbourg tramway. The lines A and D stop in the underground station beneath the actual building, that was inaugurated on 25 November 1994 together with the line A. Line C (opened in 2010) stops overground, on Place de la gare.

The following buses of the CTS stop at the railway station: Line 2, Line 10 and Bus à haut niveau de service G (from 30 November 2013)[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Transports - Alsace, une année dynamique pour les transports, INSEE, 29 May 2013 (French)
  2. ^ Ancienne gare de Koenigshoffen on archi-strasbourg.org (French)
  3. ^ Ancienne gare de Strasbourg on archi-strasbourg.org (French)
  4. ^ a b c Gare de Strasbourg on archi-strasbourg.org (French)
  5. ^ Gare ferroviaire centrale, Strasbourg on the Base Mérimée database of the French Ministry of Culture (French)
  6. ^ 10th Brunel Awards 2008 on brunel-awards.org (retrieved on 20 November 2013)
  7. ^ Strasbourg-Moscou en train, c'est désormais possible, France 3 Alsace, 10 April 2013
  8. ^ Se déplacer en TER, on ter-sncf.com/Regions/alsace/fr (French)
  9. ^ Detailed public transport network map on cts-strasbourg.eu

External links[edit]

Media related to Gare de Strasbourg at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Ancienne Gare de Strasbourg 1846-1883 at Wikimedia Commons