Gary Botting

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Gary Norman Arthur Botting (born 19 July 1943)[1] is a Canadian legal scholar and criminal defense lawyer as well as a poet, playwright and critic of literature and religion, in particular Jehovah's Witnesses. The author of more than 30 books, he is one of the country's leading authorities on extradition law.[2] He is said to have had "more experience in battling the extradition system than any other Canadian lawyer."[3]

Early life[edit]

Botting was born in Oakley House near Royal Air Force Station Abingdon (RAF Abingdon) at Frilford Heath near Oxford, England on 19 July 1943. He was christened in the Church of England Parish Church of St. James the Great in Radley, Berkshire. His father, Pilot Officer Norman Arthur Botting DFC, was killed in action over Germany on 15 September 1943 when he was less than two months old—on his older sister Mavis' second birthday. Following the war, their mother Joan, a teacher, took up residence with Group Captain Leonard Cheshire VC, the father of their younger sister, Elizabeth, at Gumley Hall near Bedford Gardens, Market Harborough, Leicestershire[4] and later she and the children moved with Cheshire to LeCourt, the name of the mansion he had acquired from his aunt in Hampshire.[5] After witnessing the bombing of Nagasaki at the end of World War II, Cheshire, who had been raised high Anglican, began to examine various religions.[6] Joan and he agreed about the nature of God as a person.[7] Joan was baptized as a Jehovah's Witness in September 1948 and expected Cheshire to follow; when he converted to Roman Catholicism later that year instead, she moved with the children back to Radley.[8]

Botting attended the Church of England Primary School in Radley. One day when pedaling back from school he found a "rare and portentous Death's-Head Hawk [moth] (Acherontia atropos)" at the side of the road.[9] Later, in Cambridge, he began collecting moths in earnest.[10] On Elizabeth's eighth birthday, 8 January 1954, the Botting family arrived in Fort Erie, Ontario as immigrants to Canada.[1]

Entomology[edit]

In his early teens Botting began to experiment at home with the hybridization of moths, developing his own technique entailing surgical transplantation of female pheromonal scent sacs.[11] Exhibits of his hybrid moths won top honours at the Ontario (Canada) and United States National Science Fairs two years in a row—in 1960 for "Interesting Variations of the Cynthia Silk Moth", and in 1961 for "Intergeneric Hybridization Among Giant Silk Moths".[12] In particular, he cross-bred the North American Polyphemus moth (then called Telea polyphemus) with Japanese and Indian giant silk moths of the genus Antheraea, pointing out that the Polyphemus moth really belonged to that genus.[13] The Polyphemus moth was subsequently renamed Antheraea polyphemus to accord with his observations.

In the summer of 1960 he was sponsored by the American Institute of Biological Sciences on a lecture tour of the US to explicate his experiments.[14] Later that year the National Academy of Sciences sponsored him on a lecture tour of India.[15] While in India in January 1961, Botting was befriended by J. B. S. Haldane, who decades earlier had applied statistical research to the natural selection of moths.[16] In the 1960s, Haldane's wife, Helen Spurway, was also researching the genetics of giant silk moths of the Antheraea genus. The Haldanes' socialist sympathies disturbed Botting's US host, the United States Information Service (USIS)—the name used outside the US by the United States Information Agency—which summarily cancelled Botting's attendance at a banquet to which the Haldanes had invited him as guest of honour. Haldane protested by going on a hunger strike.[17] Botting received the US National Pest Control Award when he demonstrated that his experiments had practical applications beyond producing finer silk.[18] In 1964 he experimented with feeding caterpillars juvenile hormones and vitamin B12 to keep Luna moths (Actias luna) and Cecropia moths (Hyalophora cecropia) in the larval stage an instar longer than normal, resulting in larger cocoons and larger adult moths.[19]

Religion[edit]

Botting was raised as a Jehovah's Witness. At age five, with his sister Mavis (then seven), Botting began going from house to house distributing The Watchtower and Awake!,[20] and the following year gave his first sermon about "Noah and the Ark", at the Cambridgeshire Labour Hall in Cambridge, England.[21] Mavis and Gary attended the semi-official Theodena Kingdom Boarding School in Suffolk, run by Rhoda Ford, the sister of Percy Ford, at that time the head of Jehovah's Witnesses in Great Britain.[22] Botting's lay preaching continued after his arrival in Canada at age ten. He entered the "industrial arts" (rather than "academic") stream in high school, majoring in drafting and machine shop.[23] In July 1955, Botting was baptized as a "dedicated" Jehovah's Witness at a convention in New York City.[24]

In July 1961, Watch Tower vice-president F.W. Franz assigned Botting the task of smuggling Watchtowers and anti-Francisco Franco tracts into Spain, where Jehovah's Witnesses were banned.[25] From 1961 to 1963, Botting volunteered in Hong Kong as a "pioneer" missionary, supporting himself by working as a journalist for the South China Morning Post.[26] Once he returned from Hong Kong, he attended Trent University to study literature and philosophy. In 1965, the Peterborough Examiner published a full-page editorial on Botting's personal dilemma, "Evolution and the Bible: Faith in Science or Faith in God a Choice for Man."[27] Botting later admitted that his discussions with Haldane in India in 1961 had had a profound effect on his way of looking at the world, although the process of shaking the social imperatives imposed by his religion took decades.[28]

Disenchanted with organized Christian religion in general and Jehovah's Witnesses in particular, in 1975 Botting wrote the semi-autobiographical poem sequence Monomonster in Hell,[29] satirizing his experiences as a missionary and the fact that Armageddon had not arrived by October 1975 as Jehovah's Witnesses had predicted.[30] His play Whatever Happened to Saint Joanne? (1982) depicted the existential struggle and moral dilemma of leaving a fundamentalist sect.[31] Another of his plays first produced by the Department of Drama at the University of Alberta depicted the forming of a covenstead in which the protagonist priestess rejects her fundamentalist background and protects herself and those she loves with charms, spells and rituals.[32]

In 1984, Gary and Heather Botting co-authored The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses,[33] an exposé of the inner workings, shifting doctrines, linguistic quirks and "mental regulating" of members of the group. It graphically compares the religion's closed social paradigms to the "Newspeak" and thought control depicted in Orwell's novel.[34] Critics were generally intrigued by The Orwellian World, Debbie Morgan of the United Church Observer calling it "another warning against the way religious doctrine can be created and used to enslave rather than to free."[35] The Lethbridge Herald called it "jolting and unnerving. Uncanny"; and Carl Rapkins of the New York Tribune described it as "excellent and sophisticated—a rare treat."[36] The book sold out its first edition of 5000 copies within weeks of its release.[37]

In 1993, Botting published Fundamental Freedoms and Jehovah's Witnesses,[38] an academic work about Jehovah's Witnesses in Canada and their role in pressing for the development of the Canadian Bill of Rights and what eventually became the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.[39]

By 1982, Botting had embraced Darwinian evolution as indisputable fact.[40] He reconciled his atheism with the promotion of paganism by reference to the suspension of disbelief and the intrinsic validity of the literary arts: poetry, drama and fiction. Pagan religion was a form of theatre that could coexist with a godless yet unfathomably immense and miraculous universe.[41] Both have equal significance to the human psyche; the capacity to appreciate both science and religion simultaneously is a dualistic side-product of human evolution.[42] Ultimately, both are merely extensions of the human mind calibrated using different dimensions of spacetime, one concrete and the other abstract. Rather than regarding himself as an essentialist like Iris Murdoch or an existentialist like Jean-Paul Sartre, Botting has described himself as an extensionist: all things, including human understanding, can be explained as extensions of mind and body in space and time.[43] Like Richard Dawkins, of whose brand of genetic theory—and unabashed atheism—Botting has been a staunch advocate, he considers himself a disciple of J. B. S. Haldane.[44]

Professor of English[edit]

Botting graduated with a B.A. from Trent University with a joint major in philosophy and English literature, then obtained his Master of Arts degree in English from Memorial University of Newfoundland[45] and his PhD in English literature and Master of Fine Arts in drama (playwriting) from the University of Alberta in Edmonton. There, he taught English at the University of Alberta and was producer and playwright-in-residence for People & Puppets Incorporated and Edmonton Summer Theatre—precursors to the Edmonton Fringe Festival. Botting's PhD dissertation was on William Golding,[46] author of Lord of the Flies.[47] From 1972 to 1986 Botting taught English and creative writing at Red Deer College, where he was at various times the college's media relations coordinator, chairman of the English department, editor-in-chief of Red Deer College Press and president of the Faculty Association. He was later remembered by college librarian and fellow thespian Paul Boultbee (who had acted in Botting's plays Crux (1983)[48] and Winston Agonistes (1984))[49] as being a "creative, rebellious faculty member."[50] Botting was named "Citizen of the Year" by the Central Alberta Allied Arts Council on 5 May 1984.[51]

In the 1970s, Botting was vice-president of Central Alberta Theatre, sat on the executive of the Literary Presses Group and the Canadian Publishers Association, and was founding president of the Alberta Publishers Association.[52]

Law career[edit]

Botting entered the University of Calgary Faculty of Law on a Brunet scholarship in 1987. Shortly afterwards he joined the staff of the Institute of Natural Resources Law as a legal researcher. He was elected vice-president of Victims of Law Dilemma (VOLD), an independent watchdog group designed to keep lawyers responsible and to pressure Canadian law societies to appoint lay benchers. As a first-year law student he represented Joel Slater, an American man who became stateless after renouncing US citizenship.[53] When he was in second year, the Law Society of Alberta "investigated" Botting for representing Howard Pursley, an alleged white supremacist refugee claimant who was eventually flown directly from Calgary to Texas in a form of disguised extradition later known as extraordinary rendition.[54] Botting was cleared of any wrongdoing.[55] In his third year, Botting was enlisted by Calgary lawyers Don McLeod and Noel O'Brien to assist them with research in connection with the extradition of Charles Ng—who faced the death penalty for allegedly murdering as many as 25 men, women and children in California. That year Botting also represented the first dozen Chinese students in Canada to be granted refugee status after they publicly protested China's 1989 clampdown on demonstrators in Tiananmen Square.[56] After graduating in 1990, Botting articled in Victoria for Doug Christie.

Notable clients whom Botting has represented include Dorothy Grey-Vik, who five decades after the fact successfully sued her parents' former hired hand for repeatedly raping her, beginning when she was a prepubescent school girl, making her his "sex slave" for two years and fathering her two children (born when she was twelve and thirteen, respectively)[57]—with her parents' complacency and complicity;[58] Gerald Gervasoni, extradited to Florida to face trial for the murder of his girlfriend, whose body was found stuffed under her mother's bed;[59] Patrick Kelly, an RCMP officer who sued the Correctional Service of Canada for negligence after his imprisonment in Kingston Penitentiary for the murder of his wife;[60] James Ernest Ponton, charged with second degree murder after shooting his victim twice in the back—who was acquitted by a jury on the basis of Botting's argument of self-defence;[61] Clifford Edwards, for whom Botting sought a moratorium on extradition from the Minister of Justice on the grounds that the Canada-US Extradition Treaty has never been ratified by Parliament;[62] Karlheinz Schreiber, a German man who fought extradition from Canada for nearly a decade;[2][63] friends of Marc Emery, a cannabis policy reform activist who consented to his extradition to the United States;[64] Mark Wilson, who won his 2011 extradition appeal on the basis that the extradition judge had refused to admit important evidence;[65] the family of Dr. Asha Goel, an Ontario obstetrician murdered in her sleep while visiting her brother's house in Mumbai, India—the Canadian component of the investigation having been squelched by the Department of Justice;[66] Emmanuel Alviar, who received a one-month jail sentence for his part in the 2011 Stanley Cup Riot in Vancouver;[67] Sean Doak, who is currently fighting extradition to the United States for allegedly leading a drug smuggling ring while incarcerated in a federal penitentiary;[68] and Brinder Rai, a Calgary man suing his grandfather, father and other relatives for allegedly conspiring to shoot him in the back at close range with a shotgun in an "honour killing" attempt.[69]

Legal scholar[edit]

Botting completed his Master of Laws in 1999 and a second PhD, in law, in 2004 at the University of British Columbia,[70] and went on to publish a number of scholarly works on Canadian and international law.[71] He was recognized as "Canada's leading legal scholar on extradition law" by Larry Rousseau, executive vice president of the Public Service Alliance of Canada.[72] His U.S.-published Extradition between Canada and the United States,[73] cited by the Supreme Court of Canada,[74] criticized Canada's level of cooperation with the United States in international criminal matters, arguing that Canada's policy of placing international comity over individual rights had dangerously expanded executive discretion and damaged human rights protections.[75] The book received favourable reviews in the Law & Politics Book Review and the Revue québécoise de droit international.[76] Another of his works on extradition law, Canadian Extradition Law Practice, which has gone through five editions, contains broader criticisms of Canada's network of extradition treaties, in particular of the erosion of the double criminality requirement.[77] His Extradition: Individual Rights vs. International Obligations, published in Stuttgart, Germany, was released in 2010,[78] and Halbury's Laws of Canada: Extradition and Mutual Legal Assistance the following year.[79] His Wrongful Conviction in Canadian Law (2010)[80] examines Canadian commissions of inquiry into miscarriage of justice. The book's foreword was written by David Milgaard, who was convicted of a murder he did not commit and spent 23 years in prison.[81] Botting spent four years as a visiting scholar and post-doctoral fellow at University of Washington School of Law in Seattle and another year as research associate at the University of British Columbia before returning to private practice in British Columbia in 2009.

Other writings[edit]

Aside from his analytical works on religion, literature and the law, Botting is also a journalist,[82] playwright,[83] and poet.[84] He initially worked as a reporter for the South China Morning Post to support his "pioneering" for Jehovah's Witnesses, but soon journalism took over as a priority.[85] He returned to Canada and in 1964 began to work for the Peterborough Examiner,[86] then owned by Robertson Davies, at the same time attending Trent University, where he was editor of the student newspaper, Trent Trends, and literary magazine, Tridentine. He became fast friends with Farley Mowat and wrote several features about the popular author, describing their mutual escapades on The Happy Adventure ("The Boat that Wouldn't Float"), including speculation as to whether sharks had invaded Lake Ontario via the newly opened St. Lawrence Seaway.[87] As an investigative reporter, in 1966 Botting opted to serve time in jail rather than pay parking fines so that he could write an exposé on security and health problems at the notorious Victoria County Jail in Ontario—eventually forcing the prison to close.[88] His later work of popular history, Chief Smallboy: In Pursuit of Freedom, published in 2005 by Fifth House Books, discusses the life of mid-twentieth century Cree leader Bobtail ("Bob") Smallboy of the Ermineskin Cree Nation. Laurie Meijer-Drees, writing for The Canadian Historical Review,[89] praised the book for its use of oral history and family history in shedding more light on its subject, but criticized its portrayal of Smallboy as a "lone leader" with few peers and in particular its failure to put Smallboy in context with major First Nations political movements of the time such as the Indian Association of Alberta.[89]

Personal life[edit]

Botting has four children by his first wife, Dr Heather Botting. They were divorced in 1999. In 2011, Botting married Australian-Canadian speech language pathologist Virginia Martin.[90]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Profile: Gary Botting". ABC Bookworld. 2011. Retrieved 2012-11-09. 
  2. ^ a b Greenway, Norma (2009-07-06). "Schreiber challenges extradition treaty". The Windsor Star. Retrieved 2013-01-11. ;http://www.thefilipinopost.com/article/1642-another-kick-chingkoe-can.html; http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/opinion/blogs/giroday/; Sarah Boyd, "Book Review: Canadian Extradition Law Practice", Prism Magazine, 5 February 2012, http://prism-magazine.com/2012/02/book-review-canadian-extradition-law-practice/
  3. ^ Chris Cobb, "Canada's extradition law: A legal conundrum," Ottawa Citizen, 15 November 2014 http://ottawacitizen.com/news/local-news/canadas-extradition-law-a-legal-condundrum, accessed 16 November 2014
  4. ^ The Face of Victory(London: Hutchinson, 1961) p. 69; Richard Morris, Cheshire: The Biography of Leonard Cheshire, VC, OM (London: Viking, 2000), pp. 237-240
  5. ^ Morris (2000), pp. 242-260
  6. ^ The Face of Victory, pp. 104-110
  7. ^ The Face of Victory, p. 47, 55-56; Russell Braddon Cheshire V.C. (London: Evans, 1954) p. 135
  8. ^ The Face of Victory, pp. 57-58, 95-98, 148-151
  9. ^ Gary Botting, "Preface", Heather and Gary Botting, The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984), p. xii
  10. ^ "Gary's Open Window Way to Science Prize", Toronto Telegram, 2 May 1960, page 1
  11. ^ Gary Botting, "Preface" to The Orwellian World, p. xiii
  12. ^ "City Student Earns Praise for Work in Studying, Breeding Silk Moths", Peterborough Examiner, 2 May 1960; "Gary's Open Window Way to Science Prize", Toronto Telegram, 2 May 1960, page 1; "Ontario Boy Wins Top Spot in Science Fair", Toronto Telegram, 13 May 1960; "Science Fair Winners", Science Newsletter, 28 May 1960; "Bright Youth Brighter Today", Weekend Magazine, Vol. 10, No. 40, 1960
  13. ^ Gary Botting, "Intergeneric hybridization among giant silk moths", Exhibit, U.S. National Science Fair—International, 1961
  14. ^ "Moths Wing Lad to Oklahoma", Toronto Telegram, 16 June 1960; "Student to be Guest of U.S. Institute", Globe and Mail, 16 June 1960; "PCVS student receives fresh recognition", Peterborough Examiner, 2 September 1960
  15. ^ "Young Expert on Moths Invited to India Talks", Toronto Telegram, 29 December 1960; "Boy Collector: Moths Win Gary World Trip", Evening News, 29 December 1960; "Young City Moth Expert Flies to India", Peterborough Examiner, 30 December 1960; "Noted U.S. Scientists Address Roorkee Meeting", American Reporter, 11 January 1961; "Biology Students in India", The American Biology Teacher, Vol. 23 No. 6 (October 1961) p. 364; http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4439623?uid=3739400&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=3737720&uid=4&sid=21101589318023; "Moths Going to India". The Windsor Star. 1960-10-22. Retrieved 2013-01-12. ; "Moth Expert, 17, invited to India", Winnipeg Free Press (Tuesday 25 October 1960)
  16. ^ http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/ridley/classictexts/haldane2.pdf
  17. ^ "Haldane on Fast: Insult by USIS Alleged", The Times of India, 19 January 1961; "Protest Fast by Haldane: USIS' 'Anti-Indian Activities'", The Times of India, 18 January 1961; "Situation was Misunderstood, Scholars Explain", The Times of India, 20 January 1961; "USIS Explanation does not satisfy Haldane: Protest fast continues", The Times of India, 18 January 1961; "USIS Claim Rejected by Haldane: Protest Fast to Continue", The Times of India, 18 January 1961; "Haldane Not Satisfied with USIS Apology: Fast to Continue", The Free Press Journal, 18 January 1961; "Haldane Goes on Fast In Protest Against U.S. Attitude", The Times of India, 18 January 1961; "Haldane to continue fast: USIS explanation unsatisfactory", The Times of India, 19 January 1961; "Local boy in hunger strike row", Toronto Star, 20 January 1961; "Haldane, Still on Fast, Loses Weight: U.S.I.S. Act Termed 'Discourteous'", The Indian Express, 20 January 1961; "Haldane Slightly Tired on Third Day of Fast", The Times of India, 21 January 1961; "Haldane Fasts for Fourth Consecutive Day", The Globe and Mail, 22 January 1961
  18. ^ "Boy Scientist Will Collect More Moths", Toronto Telegram, 17 February 1961; "The Boy Who Catches Moths", The Star Weekly, 26 August 1961, pp. 24-29
  19. ^ "Lepidopterologist Botting At Work: Caterpillars Thrive on Vitamins", Peterborough Examiner, 21 July 1964, p. B1; Gagnon, "Introduction," p. xxiii
  20. ^ The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984, p. ix)
  21. ^ The Orwellian World p. x
  22. ^ "The Orwellian World", pp. 38, 152
  23. ^ T. Gagnon, "Introduction", Streaking! The Collected Poems of Gary Botting (Miami: Strategic, 2013)
  24. ^ "Preface," The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses, pp. xi-xii
  25. ^ The Orwellian World, p. xi-xii
  26. ^ David Spurgeon, "Gary Botting, 17, Boy Biologist, Decides on Life as Missionary", Globe and Mail, Friday 7 April 1961; Weekend Magazine, Vol. 10 No. 40, 1960.
  27. ^ Peterborough Examiner, 17 June 1965, p. 5
  28. ^ Gary Botting, "Preface", The Orwellian World, pp. xiv-xix; Stanley Oziewicz, "'It's rather like trying to flee Soviet' to get out of Witnesses, author says", Globe and Mail, 21 June 1984
  29. ^ Red Deer: RDC Press, 1975
  30. ^ "Do Jehovah's Witnesses still hold to their 1984 Doomsday deadline?" Christianity Today, 21 September 1984, p. 66
  31. ^ Edmonton Journal, Saturday 1 May 1982, p. D4
  32. ^ Gary Botting, The Succubus, Major Project, Edmonton: University of Alberta Department of Drama, 1982
  33. ^ Bob Bettson, "Witnesses risk future with book", Calgary Herald, Wednesday 23 May 1984
  34. ^ Dwayne Janke, "Book fights JW 'Big Brother ways'", Calgary Herald, 15 May 1984, p. A8; Stephen Weatherbe, "Theocracy girded for the end: An Alberta book says the Jehovah's Witnesses are Orwellian", Alberta Report, 4 June 1984, pp. 34-38
  35. ^ The Observer, January 1985, pp. 62-63
  36. ^ "Former Members of Jehovah's Witness Say Sect Hard To Quit". Ocala Star-Banner. 1984-05-23. Retrieved 2013-01-12. ;Norman Sigurdson, "Nothing sinister here despite charges of thought control", Winnipeg Free Press (Saturday 12 May 1984) pp. 54-55; David E. Reid, "Two new books remove part of mystery around Jehovah's Witnesses movement", The Birmingham News, Friday 22 June 1984, p. 2B
  37. ^ "Author meets with Witness president", Lethbridge Herald (Thursday 14 June 1984) p. C8
  38. ^ http://www.questia.com/library/102111748/fundamental-freedoms-and-jehovah-s-witnesses; http://www.garybotting.ca/media/online-books/fundamental-freedoms-and-jehovahs-witnesses/front.pdf
  39. ^ Penton, M. James (December 1994). "Comptes rendus/Reviews of books: Fundamental Freedoms and Jehovah's Witnesses Gary Botting Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 1993. xvii + 214 p". Studies in Religion/Sciences Religieuses 23. Retrieved 2013-01-13. ; Dericquebourg, Régis (1996). "Botting (Gary), Fundamental Freedoms and Jehovah's Witnesses". Archives des sciences sociales des religions 94. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
  40. ^ Jim Isbister, "Jehovah's Witness author unnerved by life in 'false religion'", The Advocate, Saturday 6 October 1984, p. 1C; Tihemme Gagnon, "Introduction", Streaking! The Collected Poems of Gary Botting (Miami: Strategic, 2013), p. xx-xxii.
  41. ^ Gary Botting, "Evolution and the Bible: Faith in Science or Faith in God a Choice for Man," Peterborough Examiner, 17 June 1965, p. 5
  42. ^ Gary Botting, "Dualism in the Novels of William Golding," Master's Thesis, St. John's: Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1970
  43. ^ Gary Botting, Extensionism, unpublished ms., 2012
  44. ^ Richard Dawkins, The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution (New York: Free Press,2009), pp. 31n, 147, 211-12, 217, 248-50, 330-331, 418 Gagnon, p. xxi; The Orwellian World, pp. 18-19
  45. ^ "Dualism in the Novels of William Golding" (M.A. thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1970)
  46. ^ "Three Grades of Thought in the Novels of William Golding" (doctoral diss., University of Alberta, 1975), published as Thinking As a Hobby: the Novels of William Golding, Red Deer: Red Deer College Press, 1975
  47. ^ See Gary Botting, "Leadership in Lord of the Flies", Gary Botting and M.E. Symons, eds. Leadership: An Anthology (Victoria: Royal Roads University, 1998), pp. 75-89
  48. ^ "Nude Woman in Morality Play", Lethbridge Herald, Friday 18 February 1983, p. B5
  49. ^ "What better year to have a sequel to George Orwell's 1984?" Alberta Report, 19 March 1984, p. 25
  50. ^ Paul G. Boultbee, "Vain Dream to Mainstream: the Growth of Red Deer College Press", Papers of the Bibliographical Society of Canada, 33/1, p. 51 https://jps.library.utoronto.ca/index.php/bsc/article/viewFile/17946/14879
  51. ^ "Citizen of the Year: Dr. Gary Botting," Central Alberta Advisor, Friday 11 May 1984, p. 2
  52. ^ George Melnyk, "Honeymoon with Alta. govt. over", Quill & Quire, January 1976, p. 2
  53. ^ Boatman, Kim (1992-11-27). "A Man Without A Country, Literally". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2012-05-14. 
  54. ^ Tom Keyser, "Far-right label proves sticky", Calgary Herald, 2 May 1989; Tom Olsen, "Pursley won't quit refugee fight", The Calgary Sun, Tuesday 25 April 1989, p. 18; "White supremacist renews claim for refugee status", Globe and Mail, Tuesday, 24 April 1989, p. A12
  55. ^ Alan Boras, "Pursley lawyer cleared", Calgary Herald, Thursday 8 June 1989, p. B6
  56. ^ http://english.ucalgary.ca/profiles/shaobo-xie
  57. ^ "Ex-'sex slave' sues: She bore her rapist's kids 5 decades ago", The Province, Friday 31 December 1993, p. 1; Gordon Clark, "Horror after horror", The Province, Friday 31 December 1993, p. A5
  58. ^ Barbara McLintock, "Mom sued for failing to halt rapes", The Province, Wednesday 8 February 1995 p. A11
  59. ^ Kim Westad, "Murder suspect seeks judicial review", Times Colonist Friday 17 June 1994, p. B3; Kim Westad, "Refugee bid may mean convict stays", Times Colonist, Wednesday 22 June 1994, p. B1
  60. ^ "Convicted killer sues system for negligence". Waterloo Record. 1994-05-13. Retrieved 2013-01-12. ; Gerard Young, "Jailed ex-Mountie sues for $1 million over prison posting", Times Colonist, Friday 13 May 1994, p. A7; Gordon Clark, "Crown ordered to pay killer's ticket to court", The Province, Tuesday 17 May 1994, p. A19; David Lennam, "Convicted murder Patrick Kelly to appear on Donahue", Victoria Regional News, Wednesday 21 September 1994, p. R7
  61. ^ Al Cameron, "Ponton Trial: Shots fired in defence, lawyer contends", Nanaimo Daily Free Press, Tuesday 8 November 1994, p. 3A; Al Cameron, "Death by gun ruled defence", Nanaimo Free Press, Wednesday 16 November 1994, p. 1; "Shooter cleared in slaying", The Province, Wednesday 16 November 1994, p. A20
  62. ^ http://www.pacificfreepress.com/news/1/6129-canadian-demands-for-moratorium-on-extradition-to-us.html
  63. ^ http://www.canada.com/story_print.html?id=fd8c2faf-0a82-465f-953f-11f129e2e7e0&sponsor=
  64. ^ "Legal trick could block Emery's extradition". Kelowna News. 2010-05-14. Retrieved 2013-01-12. 
  65. ^ http://www.pacificfreepress.com/news/1/10952-charming-the-cobra-the-curious-case-of-mark-wilson.html
  66. ^ http://"Ex-officer told to drop probe of Canadian killed in India" www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/story/2012/10/18/ahsa-goel-doyle-investigation329.html; http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/01/09/extradition-put-to-test-in-honour-killing-case/
  67. ^ http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/story/2012/06/11/bc-stanley-cup-riot-emmanuel-alviar.html; http://www2.macleans.ca/2012/06/12/stanley-cup-rioter-gets-one-month-in-jail/; http://www.news1130.com/2012/06/11/stanley-cup-rioter-sentenced/gary-botting-emmanuel-alviar-lawyer/; http://www.news1130.com/2012/06/11/stanley-cup-rioter-sentenced/
  68. ^ http://www.vancouversun.com/news/Accused+drug+smuggler+ordered+committed+extradition/7972548/story.html
  69. ^ http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/01/12/calgary-man-sues-grandfather-15-years-after-alleged-honour-killing-attempt/; http://www.asianjournal.ca/jan%2013_12/ot_head9.html; http://www.calgarysun.com/2012/01/13/calgary-man-sues-family-over-shooting
  70. ^ See https://circle.ubc.ca/handle/2429/16172 and https://circle.ubc.ca/handle/2429/9402
  71. ^ Botting, Gary Norman Arthur. Executive and judicial discretion in extradition between Canada and the United States. Ph.D. dissertation. University of British Columbia. OCLC 58457191. 
  72. ^ "Will There Be Justice for This Canadian Citizen Living a Nightmare?" www.huffingtonpost.ca/larry-rousseau/hassan-diab-b-5324483.html (retrieved 28 October 2014).
  73. ^ New York: Brill, 2005; Ardsley, NY: Transnational, 2005
  74. ^ United States of America v. Ferras, [2006] S.C.J. No. 33, para 41
  75. ^ https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/bitstream/1807/32772/3/Miller_Bradley_J_201206_PhD_Thesis.pdf, p. 9
  76. ^ Currie, Robert J. (2006). "Gary Botting, 'Extradition between Canada and the United States' (Ardsley: Transnational Publishers, 2005)". Revue québécoise de droit international 19 (1). Retrieved 2013-01-12. ;Turack, Daniel (June 2006). "Gary Botting, 'Extradition between Canada and the United States' (Ardsley: Transnational Publishers, 2005)". Law & Politics Book Review 16 (6). Retrieved 2013-01-12. 
  77. ^ Currie, Robert J. (2006). "'Canadian Extradition Law Practice', by Gary Botting. Markham, Butterworths LexisNexis Canada, 2005. Pp. 720". Ottawa Law Review 37 (1). Retrieved 2013-01-12. ; Boyd, Sarah (2012-02-05). "Book Review: Canadian Extradition Law Practice". Prism Magazine. Retrieved 2013-01-12. 
  78. ^ Stuttgart, Lambert, 2010
  79. ^ Markham, ON: Butterworths LexisNexis, 2011
  80. ^ Markham, ON: Butterworths LexisNexis
  81. ^ Pheotist, Tim (February 2011). "Wrongfully Convicted: A cry from the heart from a victim of our Canadian Justice system". Pacific Free Press. Retrieved 2012-01-13. 
  82. ^ Gary Botting, "Occupational Hazard: The Adventures of a Journalist", The Advocate, serialized weekly column commencing 18 May 1977
  83. ^ Robert Lee, "Ingenue bares all in play", The Advocate (Thursday 17 February 1983) p. 1B; "Nude Woman in Morality Play", Lethbridge Herald (Friday 18 February 1983) p. B5; "Sell-out crowds enjoy 'stunning' production of top one-act play", The Advocate (Monday 21 February 1983) p. 2B;
  84. ^ "Poets Form Tour Circuit", Lethbridge Herald (Friday 21 January 1977), p. 8; "Newsmakers: Dr. Gary Botting", Lethbridge Herald" (Wednesday 7 June 1978) p. 9; "Off the Record: an Anthology of Poetry by Lawyers", James R. Elkins, ed. The Legal Studies Forum, Vol. xxviii, Nos. 1 and 2 (2004), pp. 129-32, 702l "Poetry", Legal Studies Forum, Vol. xxvii, No. 1 (2003), pp. 303-312
  85. ^ Gary Botting, "The Descent of 20 Battery", South China Sunday Post-Herald, 31 March 1963; Gary Botting, "The Death or Glory Boys in Macau", South China Sunday Post-Herald, 16 June 1963; Gary Botting, "A Corporal at Ten", South China Sunday Post-Herald, 16 June 1983; Gary Botting, "She's a Bit of Portugal Afloat", South China Sunday Post-Herald, 23 June 1963, p. 26
  86. ^ Gary Botting, "Hong Kong: Two Faces of the Orient", Peterborough Examiner, 1 February 1964
  87. ^ "Sharks in Lake Ontario—Farley Mowat", The Port Hope Evening Guide, 19 July 1968; "How did I enjoy what swim?" political cartoon, editorial page, Toronto Star, 20 July 1968; Gary Botting, "You'll find Farley Mowat a totally innocent devil", The Advocate, Tuesday, 24 October 1972, p. 3
  88. ^ Gary Botting, "Reporter went to jail to get the 'inside' story", Peterborough Examiner, 9 April 1966, p. 5, Globe and Mail, 10 April 1966; Gary Botting, "Newsman found that piece of wire could open cell door in county jail", Peterborough Examiner, 11 April 1966, p. 15; Gary Botting, "Health conditions at Victoria County Jail leave much to be desired", 13 April 1966, p.22
  89. ^ a b Drees, Laurie Meijer (June 2008). "Chief Smallboy: In Pursuit of Freedom (review)". The Canadian Historical Review 89 (2): 285. doi:10.1353/can.0.0037. 
  90. ^ "About the Author," Gary Botting, Canadian Extradition Law Practice, Fifth Edition (Markham: LexisNexis, 2015), p. ix

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