|Elevation||694 m (2,277 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||KA 40|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Chikballapur (Lok Sabha constituency)|
Gauribidanur is a historical town in Kolar district; now a part of Chikballapur district in the state of Karnataka, India. It is about 75 km from Bangalore, and 25 km from the Educational Hub of Muddenahalli-Kanivenarayanapura. Along with the native language of Kannada, the other languages of Telugu and Urdu are spoken since the town borders the neighbouring state of Andhra Pradesh.
The name Gauribidanur could have originated from the terms- Ghori [Grave] and Bidanur [a common name for towns in the old mysore state]. It has been said that Tipu Sultan had some of his soldiers buried here. To this day a mosque built by him stands with some old graves. Some other sources indicate the name Gauribidanur is derived from Gowri [A Hindu Goddess] and Bidanur.
Not long ago, this town used to be the hub of lot of cultural activities and sports. With the advent of television, people seem to have forgotten the good old days. The old school, Acharya high school churned out many talented people from all walks of life. Homi Bhabha and Mahatma Gandhi visited this school way back in its infancy and was labelled a model school in the country.
Dr H Narasimhaiah is one of the famous sons, who was born in Hossur village of this taluk. Born into a poor family he struggled in his early years and rose to become the Vice-Chancellor of Bangalore University. It is only because of his efforts and commitments about his hometown that led the people towards education. "The Infosys Science Center" which is in Hossur village, is just like a miny Vishweshwaraiah technological museum and students all over the district used to visit hossur. The science center is present in the National High School campus of Hossur.
Hossur is the first village in Karnataka which was improved in its infrastructure and other basic needs by "Swasthigrama Yojane". The money spent on this plan was about 1 crore rupees.
Formerly sugarcane and paddy were the main crops of this taluk. In recent times, silkworm rearing, groundnuts, maize and sunflower are the main crops owing to the lack of groundwater and rainfall. In fact there still is a dormant sugar factory which was set up as a co-operative unit. Uttara Pinakini river has water flow only during the rainy season. If the rainfalls are scarce, the river bed is dry.
Gauribidanur has some factories like the sugar factory in Gauribidanur, the ACC cement factory in Thondebavi which is the 3rd biggest ACC in India and the Raymond garments factory which is made out of its fashion near KEB station Gowribidanur .
Gauribidanur has several scientific facilities nearby. BARC and TIFR have set up research labs here owing to its suitability in terms of geography and soil contents. BARC hosts several highly sensitive seismometers that can record minutest disturbances in the Earth's crust across the globe. TIFR has a centre for research on gravitational fields. Another important presence is that of an enormous radio telescope, hosted by Indian Institute of Astrophysics and Raman Research Institute actually an array, spread across many hectares and this is primarily used in reception and analysis of cosmic signals.
Vidurashwatha an important pilgrim centre which is 6 km from Gauribidanur, is also in this taluk. This place is also known as the second Jallianwallahbagh of Indian freedom struggle, as there was a police firing on a peaceful congregation of people on the river banks of Uttara Pinakini where many died. Viduraswatha is also the last railway station before entering Andhra Pradesh in the Bangalore-Hyderabad railway line.Also it lies on the National Highway 234 (Mangalore - Villupuram).
This place was also a hub of sporting activities. A national level basketball tournament was being held annually here hosted by the local Dawn Youngsters Basketball Club. Teams from all over India used to participate in this annual event. The local Nav Bharat Ball Badminton club also conducted an annual invitational tourney here.
Gauribidanur is located at  It has an average elevation of 694 metres (2276 feet)..
As of 2011[update] India census, Gauribidanur had a population of 80,673. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Gauribidanur has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 67%. In Gauribidanur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Due to unregulated Sand-mining, the bed of Pinakini River in the vicinity of the town has been denuded of all sand. Despite protests from local environmental groups and citizens- because of collaboration between politicians, the local police and some village groups- the sand mining has proceeded leading to extensive and irreversible environmental damage.
NH Shivashankara Reddy(Congress) is the current MLA (13th Karnataka assembly) and also Deputy Speaker of Karnataka Legislative Assembly who has won Four elections in a row in 1999, 2004,2008 and 2013. The Other Influential leader is Jyothi Reddy(JDS ) Sri. N.M. Ravinarayana Reddy (BJP.) Also former karnataka Chief Minister M Veerappa Moily is current MP (14th Lok Sabha) of Chikballapur (Lok Sabha constituency) and former cabinet minister (defense/petroleum).
Gauribidanur is an assembly constituency in Chikkaballapur dist.
List of Elected Members:
- 1952 - N. C. Nagiah Reddy (Indian National Congress)
- 1957 - K. H. Venkata Reddy (Independent)
- 1962 - R. N. Lakshmipathi (Independent)
- 1967 - R. N. Lakshmipathi (Independent)
- 1972 - V. Krishna Rao (Indian National Congress)
- 1978 - PAPAIAH B.N.K (Indian National Congress)
- 1983 - R. N. Lakshmipathi (Janata Party)
- 1985 - Mukhyamantri Chandru (Janata Party, now in BJP).
- 1989 - Ashwath Narayana Reddy (Indian National Congress,Now in Janata Dal (s))
- 1994 - Jyothi Reddy (Janata Dal, now in Janata Dal woman president of Karnataka state ).
- 1999 - NH Shivashankara Reddy(Independent Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) )
- 2004 - NH Shivashankara Reddy(Indian National Congress)
- 2009 - NH Shivashankara Reddy(Indian National Congress)
- 2013 - NH Shivashankara Reddy(Indian National Congress)
- Hosur Narasimhaiah - a physicist, educator, freedom fighter and rationalist.
- T. N. Seetharam - a prominent Kannada film and TV serial director, actor and writer.
- 1.A.E.S National College
- 2.Acharya College
- 3.Govt First Grade College
- 4.S.S.E.A Govt PU College
- 5.B.G.S school and PU college
- 6.Leders PU College
- 7.sri manjunatha iti
- 8.keshava iti
- 9.vinayaka iti
- 10.govt iti(Womrns)
- 11.venketeshwara iti
- 12.newton iti
- Gnanamandira High School
- Acharya High School
- Kote Govt HP Sch
- Sri Sathya Sai Convent Kote
- Stella Convent
- Vivekananda Vidya Niketana
- Vidhyanidhi Public School
- BGS Public School
- St Anns convent
- Adarsha Vidyalaya
- Leaders′International school
- St Marks Convent
- St John's School
Gauribidanur comes under the South Western Railway zone of the Indian Railways. The Rajdhani and Sampkranthi express connects the city to Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station in Delhi, the capital of India, even the Gauribidanuris connected to major cities like Mumbai, Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada, Hyderabad, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Nagercoil, Coimbatore, Mysore, Gorakhpur, Shirdi, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Hubli, Bidar, Nanded and Bangalore through railways.
Rajadhani & Samparkakranthi wont stop at Gauribidanur.
The town is well-connected with the other places in the region, owing to the good transportation infrastructure it has. Gauribidanur has one of the busiest bus stations, with the Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) having a sub-division headquarters and also private bus-stand.
Gauribidanur is well connected by the cities like Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Kurnool, Anantapur, Vijayawada, Bellary, Tirupathi, Mangalore Nellore etc. by Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC), Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) and some private travel agencies.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Gauribidanur
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.