|This article does not cite any references or sources. (April 2007)|
|Hierarchy of naval officer ranks|
|Admiral of the navy
Admiral of the fleet • Fleet admiral
General admiral was a Danish, Dutch, German, Russian, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish naval rank. Its historic origin is a title high military or naval dignitaries of early modern Europe sometimes held, for example the (nominal) commander-in-chief of the Dutch Republic's navy (usually the Prince of Orange).
Third Reich 
In the German Kriegsmarine of the Second World War, Generaladmiral was a rank senior to an admiral, but junior to a grand admiral. Generaladmiral was a four-star admiral rank, as in the traditional German ranking system until World War II an admiral is equivalent to a British or American vice admiral.
The sleeve insignia for a Generaladmiral was the same as that of a regular admiral, being a thick rank stripe below three regular stripes (kolbenringe in German naval parlance). Generaladmirals wore a third pip on their shoulder boards to differentiate them from regular admirals. The German Army and Air Force equivalent of Generaladmiral was the rank colonel general (Generaloberst).
In 1943, a directive was issued that should the Oberbefehlshaber der Kriegsmarine (Commander of the Navy) hold the rank of Generaladmiral, he would wear the sleeve insignia of a grand admiral, but the shoulder boards of a Generaladmiral.
A similar practice was used in the German Army, allowing colonel generals to wear four pips on the shoulder board when engaged in duties befitting a field marshal.
Other holders of the rank were:
- Hermann Boehm (1 April 1941)
- Karl Witzell (1 April 1941)
- Otto Schultze (31 August 1942)
- Wilhelm Marschall (1 February 1943)
- Otto Schniewind (1 March 1944)
- Walter Warzecha (1 March 1944)
- Oskar Kummetz (16 September 1944)
- Hans-Georg von Friedeburg (1 May 1945)
It is interesting to note that Karl Dönitz was promoted to grand admiral without becoming a Generaladmiral first.
Russian Empire 
General-admiral (Russian: Генера́л-адмира́л) was the highest rank of the Russian Navy as established by the Table of Ranks and equivalent to field marshal. This was purely an honorific rank and for much of its existence, it was awarded only to a person on active duty, usually for the head of the naval department, and typically a descendant of the Romanov royal family.
There were only nine holders of this rank:
- Count Franz Lefort (1695)
- Count Fedor Golovin (first Russian chancellor) (1700)
- Count Fyodor Matveyevich Apraksin (1708)
- Count Andrei Ivanovich Osterman (Heinrich Johann Friedrich Ostermann) (1740; dismissed 1741)
- Prince Mikhail Golitsyn (1756)
- Grand Duke (Emperor since 1796 ) Pavel Petrovich (1762)
- Count Ivan Chernyshyov (1796)
- Grand Duke Constantine Nikolayevich (1831).
- Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich (1883).
|This section requires expansion. (June 2008)|
The general admiral rank was abolished with the fall of the Empire and was not revived when rank distinctions were reintroduced during 1935-40. The rank of admiral of the fleet of the Soviet Union can be considered as a modern equivalent.
Kingdom of Spain 
Kingdom of Portugal 
Almirante-general was the highest rank in the Portuguese Navy, form 1892 until 1910. This rank was held only by the King of Portugal as the constitutional commander-in-chief of the Navy. It was the naval equivalent to the rank of marechal-general also held by the king as commander-in-chief of the Portuguese Army.
In fiction 
"Admiral General" Aladeen from The Dictator is a parody of leaders who appoint themselves grandoise military ranks.