George Wallace Gouinlock

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George Wallace Gouinlock (August 1, 1861- February 13, 1932) was a Toronto-based architect who was responsible for notable structures in Toronto.

Gouinlock was born in 1861 in Paris, Ontario to Walter & Elizabeth Gouinlock.[1]

He married Georgina Watson in 1889 [2] and had sons George Roper and Robert. He trained in various cities (including Hamilton, Chicago and Milwaukee) towards becoming an architect.[3] He later moved to Winnipeg[4] as a junior architect with Barber, Bowes & Barber.[5] He came to Toronto in 1888 and began a partnershhip with architect Francis S. Baker (as Gouinlock & Baker)[6] from 1888 to 1890.[7]

The bulk of Gouinlock's career was in Toronto (1888-1927) where most of his work is found.

Projects[edit]

Many of Gouinlock's buildings were Beaux-Arts, but his works also feature other architectural styles. Many buildings at Exhibition Place were designed by Gouinlock:

  • Press Building, 210 Princes' Boulevard 1905 (Beaux-Arts) [8]
  • Immersion Studio, 285 Manitoba Drive 1907 (Beaux-Arts) - formerly Music Building and Railway Building[9]
  • CNE Grandstand 1907, destroyed by fire 1947 and rebuilt as Exhibition Stadium 1948
  • Horticulture Building, 15 Saskatchewan Road 1907 (Beaux-Arts)[10]
  • CNE Fire Hall and Police Station, 90 Quebec Street 1912 - (Tudor Revival) [11]
  • Medieval Times Building 1912 (Beaux-Arts), 10 Dufferin Street - formerly Government Building and Arts, Crafts and Hobbies Building[12]

Other works across Toronto and beyond included:

  • 117-119 Collier Street 1891 [13]
  • Charles Steinle Meat Packing Company, 256 King Street East 1892 [14]
  • American Watch Case Company, 511 King Street West 1893 [15]
  • Temple Building, Toronto (Bay and Richmond) 1895 - demolished 1970[16]
  • Manitoba Trust Company Building, Winnipeg (Main Street and Pioneer Street) 1899-1900 - with George Creeford Browne and demolished 1974[17]
  • Town Hall, St. Marys, Ontario 1901 (Romanesque Revival)[18]
  • Bank of Hamilton, 165 Spadina Avenue 1902 - now CIBC branch [19]
  • Marshall McLuhan’s House (Sir W.T. White House) and Coach House, 39 and 39a Queen's Park Crescent 1903,[20][21]
  • Consumer's Gas Company addition, 23 Toronto Street 1904 [22]
  • Warwick Bros. and Rutter Publishers, 401 King Street West 1905[23]
  • Sovereign Bank, 172 King Street East 1907 [24]
  • Canadian Birkbeck Savings and Investment Company Head Office, 10 Adelaide Street East, Toronto 1908 (Edwardian) - now Ontario Heritage Centre [25]
  • William Peyton Hubbard House, 660 Broadview Avenue 1909 [26]
  • Ontario Legislative Building North Wing, 1 Queen's Park Crescent 1909[27]
  • MacLean Building, 345 Adelaide Street West 1914 [28]
  • Princess Margaret Hospital - South Building, 610 University Avenue 1915 - [29] - formerly Ontario Hydro-Electric Building
  • Art Gallery of Toronto conceptual drawings[30]
  • Alexandra Palace, Toronto - demolished

Later Years and Death[edit]

In 1895 he was Chair of the Toronto Society of Architects[31] and as President of the Ontario Association of Architects in 1909.[32]

Gouinlock died on February 13, 1932 and buried at Mount Pleasant Cemetery in Toronto.[33]

Legacy[edit]

Gouinlock practiced along from 1890 onwards to 1927. His son George Roper Gouinlock (1896-1979) and Hugh L. Allward (1899-1971) began a new firm in 1935, then by Peter L. Allward as Allward and Gouinlock[34] Third creation of the Gouinlock firm lasted until 1976.[35]

His son's firm create various projects in Toronto area:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~maryc/brant89.htm
  2. ^ http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~maryc/brant89.htm
  3. ^ http://ao.minisisinc.com/scripts/mwimain.dll/1536/AUTH_JOIN/HEADING/Gouinlock,~20George~20W.,~201861-1926~20or~201927?JUMP
  4. ^ http://www.mountpleasantgroup.com/new/interest/stories/archives/gouinlock
  5. ^ http://ao.minisisinc.com/scripts/mwimain.dll/1536/AUTH_JOIN/HEADING/Gouinlock,~20George~20W.,~201861-1926~20or~201927?JUMP
  6. ^ http://archindont.torontopubliclibrary.ca/ArchindontWeb/architect.do?archDesigID=29
  7. ^ http://ao.minisisinc.com/scripts/mwimain.dll/1536/AUTH_JOIN/HEADING/Gouinlock,~20George~20W.,~201861-1926~20or~201927?JUMP
  8. ^ http://www.cnearchives.com/v16.htm
  9. ^ http://www.cnearchives.com/v19.htm
  10. ^ http://www.cnearchives.com/v14.htm
  11. ^ http://www.cnearchives.com/v20.htm
  12. ^ http://www.cnearchives.com/v12.htm
  13. ^ http://www.tobuilt.ca/php/companies_to_buildings.php?search_fd0=2109
  14. ^ http://www.tobuilt.ca/php/companies_to_buildings.php?search_fd0=2109
  15. ^ http://www.tobuilt.ca/php/companies_to_buildings.php?search_fd0=2109
  16. ^ http://torontoist.com/2008/08/historicist_torontos_first_skyscrap/
  17. ^ http://dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/architects/view/1223
  18. ^ http://images.ourontario.ca/stmarys/46312/data
  19. ^ http://www.tobuilt.ca/php/companies_to_buildings.php?search_fd0=2109
  20. ^ http://mcluhan100.ca/blog/uncategorized/doors-open-at-the-coach-house/
  21. ^ http://www.tobuilt.ca/php/companies_to_buildings.php?search_fd0=2109
  22. ^ http://www.tobuilt.ca/php/companies_to_buildings.php?search_fd0=2109
  23. ^ http://www.urbandb.com/canada/ontario/toronto/warwick-bros-and-rutter-publishers/
  24. ^ http://www.tobuilt.ca/php/companies_to_buildings.php?search_fd0=2109
  25. ^ http://www.heritagetrust.on.ca/Conservation/Buildings/Ontario-Heritage-Centre-(Toronto)/Restoration.aspx
  26. ^ http://www.tobuilt.ca/php/companies_to_buildings.php?search_fd0=2109
  27. ^ http://educationportal.ontla.on.ca/en/about-parliament/the-legislative-building/architecture/north-wing
  28. ^ http://www.tobuilt.ca/php/companies_to_buildings.php?search_fd0=2109
  29. ^ http://www.urbandb.com/canada/ontario/toronto/princess-margaret-hospital-south/
  30. ^ http://ao.minisisinc.com/scripts/mwimain.dll/1526/DESCRIPTION_WEB/REFD/C~2011-447?JUMP
  31. ^ http://www.torontosocietyofarchitects.ca/?q=node/31
  32. ^ http://ao.minisisinc.com/scripts/mwimain.dll/1536/AUTH_JOIN/HEADING/Gouinlock,~20George~20W.,~201861-1926~20or~201927?JUMP
  33. ^ http://www.mountpleasantgroup.com/new/interest/stories/archives/gouinlock
  34. ^ http://archindont.torontopubliclibrary.ca/ArchindontWeb/architect.do?archDesigID=29
  35. ^ http://ao.minisisinc.com/scripts/mwimain.dll/1536/AUTH_JOIN/HEADING/Gouinlock,~20George~20W.,~201861-1926~20or~201927?JUMP
  36. ^ http://www.senecacollege.ca/retirees/05_e-mail_newsletter/03_2009/06_e-sentinel_october/006_king_p155-221.pdf
  37. ^ http://www.senecacollege.ca/retirees/05_e-mail_newsletter/03_2009/06_e-sentinel_october/006_king_p155-221.pdf
  38. ^ http://www.senecacollege.ca/retirees/05_e-mail_newsletter/03_2009/06_e-sentinel_october/006_king_p155-221.pdf