Germanic mysticism

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Germanic mysticism or Germanic occultism describes the several phases of mysticism originating in, and practiced primarily in, Germany and surrounding German speaking countries and areas.

These begin with Armanism and Ariosophy, ideological systems of an esoteric nature, pioneered by Guido von List and Jörg Lanz von Liebenfels respectively, in Austria between 1890 and 1930. The term 'Ariosophy', meaning wisdom concerning the Aryans, was first coined by Lanz von Liebenfels in 1915 and became the label for his doctrine in the 1920s. More generally, various schools of Esotericism in Germany and Austria have existed.[dubious ] More recently have been various modern (post-1945) systems of runic magic.