Gholam-Ali Haddad-Adel

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Gholam-Ali Haddad-Adel
Hadad 2005.jpg
Speaker of the Parliament of Iran
In office
2 May 2004 – 2 May 2008
Deputy Mohammad-Reza Bahonar
Preceded by Mehdi Karroubi
Succeeded by Ali Larijani
Member of Parliament of Iran
Incumbent
Assumed office
2 May 2000
Constituency Tehran
Personal details
Born 1945 (age 68–69)
Tehran
Political party Isargaran
Other political
affiliations
Abadgaran (2002–2005)
Islamic Republic Party (1980–1987)
Spouse(s) Tayyebeh Mahroozadeh
Children Faridodin
Azadeh
Zahra
Bentolhoda
Alma mater University of Tehran
University of Shiraz
Religion Shia Islam

Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel (غلامعلی حداد عادل in Persian, born May 1945) is an Iranian philosopher, politician and former chairman of the Parliament. He is the first non-cleric in the post since the Iranian Revolution of 1979. He was one of the candidates in the 2013 presidential election but withdrew on 10 June, four days before the election.[1] He is part of "neo-principalist" group in the Iranian political scene.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Haddad-Adel was born in Tehran in May 1945 into a business family.[3][4] He received a bachelor's degree in physics[5] from the University of Tehran and also, a master's degree in physics from University of Shiraz. He also holds a PhD in philosophy[5] from the University of Tehran in 1975.

He studied Islamic philosophy under Morteza Motahhari and also under Sayyed Hossein Nasr who is famous for his critique of Marxism.

Career[edit]

Following the Iranian Revolution Haddad-Adel became a member of the Islamic Republic Party and he served in many governmental posts, including deputy culture and Islamic guidance minister (1979) and deputy education minister (1982-1993).[4] Since 1995 he has been serving as the head of the Iranian Academy of Persian Language and Literature (except for August 2004 - 2008).[4] He is also the executive director of the Islamic Encyclopedia Foundation. He contributed to launch the national scientific olympiads in Iran.

Haddad-Adel served at the Majlis for thirteen years in four terms.[4] While officially ranking as the 33rd candidate of Tehran in the 2000 parliamentary election after some recounts by the Council of Guardians which had led to annulment of 700,000 Tehrani votes and removal of Alireza Rajaei and Ali Akbar Rahmani from the top 30, and Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani quit. Haddad-Adel collected the most votes from Tehran four years later, while most of Tehranis refused to vote in 2004 election because many reformist candidates where not allowed to run. He was supported by the Abadgaran alliance and became the Speaker of Parliament for one year on 6 June 2004, with 226 votes out of 259. There was no other candidate running. He was the first non-cleric speaker since the revolution.[5] Since 2008, he has been the advisor to the Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei.[4] In 2012, he run for the Majlis speakership, but lost the bid.[6]

He is also a member of the High Council of Cultural Revolution and the Expediency Discernment Council.

Presidential candidacy[edit]

Haddad-Adel run for office in the presidential election held in July 2013. He formed a coalition named 2+1 with Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf and Ali Akbar Velayati in October 2012 to one of them be the coalition's candidate in the upcoming election. He was registered as a presidential candidate and was approved to run in the election by the Guardian Council, a vetting body of clerics and jurists, along with seven other men.

He withdrew his candidacy from 14 June presidential election on 11 June. He said in a statement carried by the semi-official Mehr news agency:

"With my withdrawal I ask the dear people to strictly observe the criteria of the Supreme Leader of the Revolution (Khamenei) when they vote for candidates."

He did not endorse a single candidate, but called for a hardline conservative victory. "I advise the dear people to take a correct decision so that either a conservative wins in the first round, or if the election runs to a second round, the competition between two conservatives."[7][8]

Personal life[edit]

Haddad-Adel's daughter married Mojtaba Khamenei, the son of Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran.[9][10] This has led to the popular belief that he is among the very trusted and backed allies of Ayatollah Khamenei.[10]

Publications[edit]

Books
  • Farhang-e Berahnegi va Berahnegi-e Farhangi (Culture of Nudity and Nudity of Culture), Soroush, Tehran, 1981, translated into Urdu, Arabic, and Turkish.
  • Haj: Namaaz-e Bozorg (Hajj: the Grand Prayer), Sana, Tehran, 2000.
  • Daaneshnaame-ye Jahaan-e Eslam (The Encyclopedia of the Islamic World), Islamic Encyclopedia Foundation, Volumes 2-6 (as supervisor), 1996-2001.
  • Textbooks on sociology, social science, Civil studies and Qur'an, for high school and guidance schools.
Translations
  • Tamhidaat: Moghaddame-i baraaye har Maa-ba'd-ot-tabi'e-ye Aayande ke be onvaan-e yek Elm Arze Shavad, a translation of Immanuel Kant's Prolegomena to any Future Metaphysics, Iran University Press, Tehran, 1988.
  • Nazariye-ye Ma'refat dar Falsafe-ye Kaant, a translation of Justus Hartnack's Kant's Theory of Knowledge, Fekr-e Rooz, Tehran, 2000.

References[edit]

  1. ^ حداد عادل از ادامه رقابت ها انصراف داد + بیانیه وی Iran Elect
  2. ^ Sabet, Farzan (June 2013). "The Islamic Republic's political elite and Syria" (Special Report). IranPolitik. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  3. ^ "Iran's Political Elite". United States Institute of Peace. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Biographies of Eight Qualified Candidates for Iran Presidential Election". Iran Review. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c Yonah Alexander; Milton M. Hoenig (2008). The New Iranian Leadership: Ahmadinejad, Terrorism, Nuclear Ambition, and the Middle East. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-275-99639-0. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Katzman, Kenneth (17 June 2013). "Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses" (CRS Report for US Congress). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  7. ^ Conservative drops out of Iranian presidential election Haaretz
  8. ^ Candidate quits Iran presidential race CNN, 10 June 2013
  9. ^ "Mohammad Reza Aref". Iran Election Watch. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  10. ^ a b Bazoobandi, Sara (11 January 2013). "The 2013 presidential election in Iran". MEI Insight 88. Retrieved 18 February 2013. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mehdi Karroubi
Speaker of Parliament of Iran
2004–2008
Succeeded by
Ali Larijani
Party political offices
Preceded by
None
Deputy leader of Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran
2003–2004
Succeeded by
Hossein Saffar Harandi
Academic offices
Preceded by
Hassan Habibi
President of the Academy of Persian Language and Literature
1999–2004
Succeeded by
Hassan Habibi
Preceded by
Hassan Habibi
President of the Academy of Persian Language and Literature
2010–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent