Goodyera

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Goodyera
Goodyera repens.jpg
Goodyera repens, sometimes called "creeping lady's tresses" or "dwarf rattlesnake plantain"
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Cranichideae
Subtribe: Goodyerinae
Genus: Goodyera
R. Br., 1813
Synonyms[1]
  • Tussaca Raf.
  • Gonogona Link
  • Eucosia Blume
  • Cionisaccus Breda
  • Georchis Lindl.
  • Geobina Raf.
  • Cordylestylis Falc.
  • Leucostachys Hoffmanns.
  • Salacistis Rchb.f.
  • Elasmatium Dulac
  • Orchiodes Trew ex Kuntze
  • Peramium Salisb. ex J.M.Coult.
  • Vieillardorchis Kraenzl.
  • Allochilus Gagnep.
  • Bathiorchis Bosser & P.J.Cribb

Goodyera are a wide-ranging genus of orchid, one of approximately 800 described Orchidaceae genera within that large and diverse family. The genus is named after botanist John Goodyer.

There are about 25 species of Goodyera worldwide. Creeping rhizomes and rosettes of evergreen leaves characterize the genus. Goodyera is closely related to the genus Spiranthes.[2]

Goodyera flowers are characterized by a saccate nectary of the lip with a beak-shaped apex. Sepals and petals are connivant over the column. Pollinia in Goodyera are granular, in contrast to Cranichideae, another member of this tribe.[2]

Orchids of this genus grow in environments ranging from alpine valleys in Scandinavia to the laurisilva of Macaronesia to North American coniferous forests. It is widespread across much of Europe, Asia, Australia, North America, and various islands of the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic Oceans.[1]

"Lady's tresses" is a common name given to some of these species. The four species endemic to North America are called "rattlesnake plantain".

Many Goodyera species are threatened in at least part of their range. In areas where more than one species may be found, hybridization is common.[2]

Species[edit]

  1. Goodyera afzelii Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 327 (1918).
  2. Goodyera alveolata Pradhan, Indian Orchids: Guide Identif. & Cult. 2: 691 (1979).
  3. Goodyera amoena Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 9 (1911).
  4. Goodyera angustifolia Schltr. in K.M.Schumann & C.A.G.Lauterbach, Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee, Nachtr.: 92 (1905).
  5. Goodyera augustinii Tuyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 52: 464 (1938).
  6. Goodyera beccarii Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 25 (1910).
  7. Goodyera bifida (Blume) Blume, Coll. Orchid.: 40 (1858).
  8. Goodyera biflora (Lindl.) Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 114 (1890).
  9. Goodyera bilamellata Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 4: 111 (1914).
  10. Goodyera bomiensis K.Y.Lang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(4): 128 (1978).
  11. Goodyera boninensis Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 37: 9 (1923).
  12. Goodyera brachystegia Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 1345 (1936).
  13. Goodyera bracteata Thouars, Hist. Orchid.: 1 (1822).
  14. Goodyera bradeorum Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 19: 88 (1923).
  15. Goodyera chinensis Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 4: 59 (1919).
  16. Goodyera clausa (A.A.Eaton ex Ames) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 392 (1911).
  17. Goodyera colorata (Blume) Blume, Coll. Orchid.: 37 (1858).
  18. Goodyera condensata Ormerod & J.J.Wood, Orchid Rev. 109: 370 (2001).
  19. Goodyera crocodiliceps Ormerod, Austral. Orchid Rev. 61: 41 (1996).
  20. Goodyera daibuzanensis Yamam., J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 4: 305 (1932).
  21. Goodyera denticulata J.J.Sm., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 66: 165 (1934).
  22. Goodyera dolabripetala (Ames) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 391 (1908).
  23. Goodyera dongchenii Lucksom, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 72: 191 (1993).
  24. Goodyera elmeri (Ames) Ames, Schedul. Orchid., Corrig.: xxxvii (1938).
  25. Goodyera erosa (Ames & C.Schweinf.) Ames, F.T.Hubb. & C.Schweinf., Bot. Mus. Leafl. 3: 37 (1934).
  26. Goodyera erythrodoides Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1: 49 (1911).
  27. Goodyera fimbrilabia Ormerod, Taiwania 51: 153 (2006).
  28. Goodyera flaccida Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 33: 124 (1924).
  29. Goodyera foliosa (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 113 (1890).
  30. Goodyera fumata Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl.: 314 (1861).
  31. Goodyera fusca (Lindl.) Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 112 (1890).
  32. Goodyera gemmata J.J.Sm., Bull. Dép. Agric. Indes Néerl. 22: 10 (1909).
  33. Goodyera gibbsiae J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, III, 5: 24 (1922).
  34. Goodyera goudotii Ormerod & Cavestro, Taiwania 51: 154 (2006).
  35. Goodyera hachijoensis Yatabe, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 5: 1 (1891).
  36. Goodyera hemsleyana King & Pantl., J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 64(2): 342 (1895).
  37. Goodyera henryi Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1896: 201 (1896).
  38. Goodyera hispaniolae Dod, Moscosoa 4: 183 (1986).
  39. Goodyera hispida Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 1: 183 (1857).
  40. Goodyera humicola (Schltr.) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 33: 124 (1924).
  41. Goodyera inmeghema Ormerod, Austral. Orchid Rev. 61: 42 (1996).
  42. Goodyera kwangtungensis C.L.Tso, Sunyatsenia 1: 134 (1933).
  43. Goodyera lamprotaenia Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1: 51 (1911).
  44. Goodyera lanceolata Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 39: 86 (1870).
  45. Goodyera luzonensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5: 26 (1915).
  46. Goodyera macrophylla Lowe, Trans. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 4: 13 (1831).
  47. Goodyera major Ames & Correll, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 10: 68 (1942).
  48. Goodyera maurevertii Blume, Coll. Orchid.: 42 (1858).
  49. Goodyera maximowicziana Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23: 37 (1909).
  50. Goodyera micrantha Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 19: 274 (1923).
  51. Goodyera modesta Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 19: 89 (1923).
  52. Goodyera myanmarica Ormerod & Sath.Kumar, Taiwania 51: 156 (2006).
  53. Goodyera nankoensis Fukuy., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 48: 432 (1934).
  54. Goodyera novembrilis (Rchb.f.) Ormerod, Austral. Orchid Rev. 61: 42 (1996).
  55. Goodyera oblongifolia Raf., Herb. Raf.: 76 (1833).
  56. Goodyera ovatilabia Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 19: 274 (1923).
  57. Goodyera pauciflora Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 106 (1913).
  58. Goodyera pendula Maxim., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, III, 32: 623 (1888).
  59. Goodyera perrieri (Schltr.) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 33: 125 (1924).
  60. Goodyera polyphylla Ormerod, Taiwania 51: 157 (2006).
  61. Goodyera porphyrophylla Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 366 (1921).
  62. Goodyera procera (Ker Gawl.) Hook., Exot. Fl. 1: t. 39 (1823).
  63. Goodyera pubescens (Willd.) R.Br. in W.T.Aiton, Hortus Kew. 5: 198 (1813).
  64. Goodyera purpusii Ormerod, Taiwania 51: 157 (2006).
  65. Goodyera pusilla Blume, Coll. Orchid.: 36 (1858).
  66. Goodyera ramosii Ames, Philipp. J. Sci., C 8: 409 (1913 publ. 1914).
  67. Goodyera recurva Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 1: 183 (1857).
  68. Goodyera repens (L.) R.Br. in W.T.Aiton, Hortus Kew. 5: 198 (1813).
  69. Goodyera reticulata (Blume) Blume, Coll. Orchid.: 35 (1858).
  70. Goodyera robusta Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 113 (1890).
  71. Goodyera rosea (H.Perrier) Ormerod, Taiwania 51: 158 (2006).
  72. Goodyera rostellata Ames & C.Schweinf. in O.Ames, Orchidaceae 6: 12 (1920).
  73. Goodyera rostrata Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 49: 40 (1908).
  74. Goodyera rosulacea Y.N.Lee, Bull. Korea Pl. Res. 4: 2 (2004).
  75. Goodyera rubicunda (Blume) Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 25(Misc.): 61 (1839).
  76. Goodyera ruttenii J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, III, 10: 101 (1928).
  77. Goodyera schlechtendaliana Rchb.f., Linnaea 22: 861 (1850).
  78. Goodyera scripta (Rchb.f.) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 58 (1906).
  79. Goodyera sechellarum (S.Moore) Ormerod, Lindleyana 17: 204 (2002).
  80. Goodyera seikomontana Yamam., J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 4: 187 (1932).
  81. Goodyera serpens Schltr., Acta Horti Gothob. 1: 148 (1924).
  82. Goodyera shixingensis K.Y.Lang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34: 636 (1996).
  83. Goodyera sonoharae Fukuy., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 32: 297 (1942).
  84. Goodyera stelidifera Ormerod, Oasis Suppl. 3: 6 (2004).
  85. Goodyera stenopetala Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1: 51 (1911).
  86. Goodyera striata Rchb.f., Linnaea 18: 409 (1845).
  87. Goodyera sumbawana Ormerod, Taiwania 50: 5 (2005).
  88. Goodyera taitensis Blume, Coll. Orchid.: 43 (1858).
  89. Goodyera tesselata Lodd., Bot. Cab. 10: t. 952 (1824).
  90. Goodyera thailandica Seidenf., Bot. Tidsskr. 65: 109 (1969).
  91. Goodyera turialbae Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 19: 275 (1923).
  92. Goodyera ustulata Carr, Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 8: 194 (1935).
  93. Goodyera velutina Maxim. ex Regel, Gartenflora 16: 36 (1867).
  94. Goodyera venusta Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1: 52 (1911).
  95. Goodyera viridiflora (Blume) Blume, Coll. Orchid.: 41 (1858).
  96. Goodyera vitiensis (L.O.Williams) Kores, Allertonia 5: 25 (1989).
  97. Goodyera vittata Benth. ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 113 (1890).
  98. Goodyera werneri Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 367 (1921).
  99. Goodyera wolongensis K.Y.Lang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22: 314 (1984).
  100. Goodyera wuana Tang & F.T.Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 1: 69 (1951).
  101. Goodyera yamiana Fukuy., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 50: 18 (1936).
  102. Goodyera youngsayei S.Y.Hu & Barretto, Chung Chi J. 13(2): 10 (1976).
  103. Goodyera yunnanensis Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 4: 60 (1919).
  104. Goodyera zacuapanensis Ormerod, Taiwania 51: 159 (2006).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ a b c [1] St. Hilaire, Lisa R. 2002. Goodyera oblongifolia Raf. (Giant Rattlesnake-plantain). Conservation and Research Plan for New England. New England Wild Flower Society, Framingham, Massachusetts, USA.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Goodyera at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Goodyera at Wikispecies