Greek submarine Katsonis (Y-1)

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Career (Greece) Greece
Name: Katsonis (Greek: Y-1 Κατσώνης)
Namesake: Lambros Katsonis
Builder: Gironde Bordeaux shipyards
Laid down: 1925
Launched: 1927
Commissioned: 8 June 1928
Fate: Sunk 14 September 1943
Notes: Historical summary from the Hellenic Navy website
General characteristics
Displacement: surfaced: 576 tons
submerged: 775 tons
Length: 62.5 m (205 ft)
Beam: 5.3
Draft: 3.6 m (12 ft)
Propulsion: one 1,300 hp diesel engine,
one 1,000 hp electric engine
Speed: surfaced: 14 knots
submerged: 9 knots
Complement: 30
Armament: 2 × 21-inch (533 mm) internal bow T/T,
2 × 21-inch (533 mm) external bow T/T,
2 × 21-inch (533 mm) external stern T/T, 1 × 100 mm gun, 2 MGs

Y-1 Katsonis (Greek: Y-1 Κατσώνης) was a Greek submarine active during the Second World War.

History[edit]

Katsonis, together with its sister ship, Papanikolis (Υ-2), formed the first class of Greek submarines ordered after the First World War. It was built at the Gironde Bordeaux shipyards between 1925-27, and commissioned into the Hellenic Navy on 8 June 1928. Its first captain was Cdr Κ. Arvanitis.[1] Under the command of Cdr Athanasios Spanidis, she participated in the 1940-41 Greco-Italian War, carrying out four war patrols, and sinking one vessel, the 531-ton Italian freighter Quinto, on 31 December 1940. After the German invasion of April 1941, together with the rest of the fleet, Katsonis fled to the Middle East, from where she would operate during the next years, with the British pennant number N 16. On 2 July 1942, she was damaged while exiting a dry dock at Port Said.

After overhaul, under the command of Cdr. Vasileios Laskos, she went on further three patrols in the Aegean. During these patrols, Katsonis ambushed and sank an Italian minelayer in the port of Gytheio on 2 April 1943, the Spanish 535-ton merchant vessel San Isidoro off Kythnos three days later, and the freighter Rigel near Skiathos on 29 May.[2] On September 14 however, while trying to intercept a German troop transport, she was attacked and sunk by the German submarine chaser UJ-2101 (ex Greek mine sweeper STRYMON, Cdr Kptlt. Vollheim). 32 men of the crew, including Cdr Laskos, went down with her, and 15 were captured. Among them was Konstantinos Stamoulis, a survivor who was considered dead for decades. However, Lt Elias Tsoukalas, the ship's XO, and petty officers Antonios Antoniou and Anastasios Tsigros, managed to swim for 9 hours and reach Skiathos. There they hid and managed to return to Egypt and rejoin the Greek fleet.[3]

In all, Katsonis' career in World War II encompassed seven patrols and four ships sunk:[4]

Patrol No. Dates Ships sunk Patrol area Duration in hours
(surfaced/submerged)
1 3–10 Nov 1940 Adriatic Sea 216 (132/84)
2 22 Dec 1940 –
4 Jan 1941
petrol carrier Quinto Adriatic Sea 312 (180/132)
3 14–21 Feb 1941 Adriatic Sea 168 (108/60)
4 24 Mar 1941 –
1 Apr 1941
Adriatic Sea 216 (132/84)
5 28 Mar 1943 –
10 Apr 1943
1 German minelayer,
freighter San Isidoro,
2 schooners
Aegean Sea/Crete 408 (170/238)
6 21 May 1943 –
4 Jun 1943
freighter Rigel Aegean Sea 456 (86/270)
7 5–14 Sep 1943 Aegean Sea 212 (107/105)

Tradition[edit]

The submarine was named after the 18th-century Greek naval hero, admiral Lambros Katsonis. The name "Katsonis" has been given to three other Greek ships: a Town class light cruiser that was taken over by the Royal Navy during World War I as HMS Chester, the Tench class submarine Katsonis II (S-115), and the modern Type 214 submarine Katsonis III (S-123).

A memorial to the submarine and its crew stands on shore at the old port in Skiathos town. Remembrance services are held annually.

References[edit]

External links[edit]