Griffith Island (Nunavut)

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Griffith Island
Geography
Location Northern Canada
Coordinates 74°34′59″N 095°29′59″W / 74.58306°N 95.49972°W / 74.58306; -95.49972 (Griffith Island)Coordinates: 74°34′59″N 095°29′59″W / 74.58306°N 95.49972°W / 74.58306; -95.49972 (Griffith Island)
Archipelago Queen Elizabeth Islands
Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Area 189 km2 (73 sq mi)
Country
Canada
Territory  Nunavut
Demographics
Population Uninhabited

Griffith Island lies within the Canadian Arctic Archipelago in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of northern Canada's territory of Nunavut. It is one of the mid-channel islands in the western sector of Barrow Strait.[1]

Griffith Island lies directly across from the Inuit hamlet Resolute on Cornwallis Island, separated by the 6.5 mi (10.5 km) wide Resolute Passage.[2]

Capt. Horatio Austin, on board the Resolute and seeking the lost Sir John Franklin expedition, wintered off Griffith Island in 1851. Explorations that winter by second master, George F. McDougall, included McDougall Sound, the waterway to the north of Griffith Island.[3]

Griffith Island is 18 by 11 km (11.2 by 6.8 mi),[4] and 189 km2 (73 sq mi) in area.[5]

Since 1958, the southeast coast of Griffith Island has experienced uncommon change, from discontinuous flying spits to continuous fringing barriers.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bourne, Charles B. (1963). Canadian Yearbook of International Law. Vancouver: Publication Centre, University of British Columbia. p. 101. ISBN 978-0-7748-0127-0. OCLC 2442067. 
  2. ^ Pharand, Donat; Legault, L.H. (1984). The Northwest Passage: Arctic Straits. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 7. ISBN 90-247-2979-3. 
  3. ^ Bray, E. F. d., & Barr, W. (1992). A Frenchman in search of Franklin: de Bray's Arctic journal, 1852-1854. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. pp. 48–50. ISBN 0-8020-2813-6. 
  4. ^ "Griffith Island". The Columbia Gazetteer of North America. 2000. Retrieved 2008-04-29. 
  5. ^ "Queen Elizabeth Islands". nrcan.gc.ca. 2008-03-19. Retrieved 2008-04-29. 
  6. ^ St. Hilaire, D.; ; Bell, T.; Forbes, D.L.; and Taylor, R.B. (December 11–14, 2007). "Arctic coastal dynamics under changing relative sea-level and environmental forcing, Canadian Arctic Archipelago". ArcticNet 2007 Annual Scientific Meeting. Collingwood, Ontario. Retrieved 2008-04-29. 

Further reading[edit]

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