Grindelia

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gumweeds
Grindelia integrifolia 3109.JPG
Puget Sound Gumweed
(Grindelia integrifolia)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Astereae[1]
Genus: Grindelia
Willd.
Type species
Grindelia inuloides
Willd.
Synonyms[1]

Grindelia is a genus of plants native to the Americas belonging to the sunflower family.[2][3][4]

The genus is named for Latvian botanist David Hieronymus Grindel, 1776–1836.[5]

Grindelia squarrosa, a plant with bright yellow flowers indigenous to much of the United States, is commonly called curlycup gumweed. Grindelia robusta, found in the western states, is a coastal scrub bush that is reputed to have several medicinal uses. Hairy gumweed, Grindelia cuneifolia, occurs in brackish coastal marshes of western North America, such as in some portions of the San Francisco Bay perimeter.[5]

Grindelia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Schinia mortua.

Species[1][6][7][8]
  1. Grindelia adenodonta - Texas
  2. Grindelia aegialitis - Buenos Aires
  3. Grindelia aggregata - British Columbia
  4. Grindelia andina - Chile
  5. Grindelia anethifolia - Chile, Argentina
  6. Grindelia arizonica - USA (AZ NM UT CO), Coahuila, Chihuahua, western TX
  7. Grindelia boliviana - Bolivia, Peru, Argentina
  8. Grindelia brachystephana - Peru, Argentina
  9. Grindelia buphthalmoides - Uruguay, Rio Grande do Sul, Buenos Aires
  10. Grindelia cabrerae - northern Argentina
  11. Grindelia chacoensis - northern Argentina, Paraguay
  12. Grindelia chiloensis - Chile, Argentina
  13. Grindelia ciliata - western + central USA
  14. Grindelia confusa - Chihuahua
  15. Grindelia coronensis - southern Argentina
  16. Grindelia covasii - northern Argentina
  17. Grindelia decumbens - Colorado, New Mexico
  18. Grindelia eligulata - Nuevo León, Coahuila, Chihuahua
  19. Grindelia fruticosa
  20. Grindelia globularifolia - northern Argentina
  21. Grindelia glutinosa - Tarapacá, Peru
  22. Grindelia grandiflora - Coahuila, Texas
  23. Grindelia greenmanii - Nuevo León, Coahuila, SLP
  24. Grindelia havardii - Texas, New Mexico
  25. Grindelia hintoniorum - Nuevo León
  26. Grindelia hirsutula - California
  27. Grindelia integrifolia - OR WA BC
  28. Grindelia inuloides - from Coahuila to Oaxaca
  29. Grindelia lanceolata - USA (mostly southern Plains), Nuevo León
  30. Grindelia linearifolia - Uruguay
  31. Grindelia macvaughii - Jalisco
  32. Grindelia mendocina - northern Argentina
  33. Grindelia microcephala - Texas
  34. Grindelia nelsonii - Jalisco, Colima, Michoacán
  35. Grindelia nuda - CO NM TX OK
  36. Grindelia oaxacana - Oaxaca
  37. Grindelia obovatifolia - Nuevo León
  38. Grindelia orientalis - Uruguay
  39. Grindelia oxylepis - NM, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, SLP, Colima
  40. Grindelia palmeri - SLP
  41. Grindelia patagonica - Argentina
  42. Grindelia prostrata - northern Argentina
  43. Grindelia prunelloides - Chile, southern Argentina
  44. Grindelia puberula - Rio Grande do Sul, Argentina, Paraguay
  45. Grindelia pusilla - Texas, Coahuila
  46. Grindelia pygmaea - southern Argentina
  47. Grindelia ragonesei - northern Argentina
  48. Grindelia robinsonii - SLP, Hidalgo
  49. Grindelia robusta - California, Baja California, Baja California Sur
  50. Grindelia rupestris - Rio Grande do Sul, Uruguay
  51. Grindelia scabra - Texas, New Mexico, Coahuila
  52. Grindelia scorzonerifolia - Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Uruguay
  53. Grindelia squarrosa - much of USA + Canada
  54. Grindelia subalpina - CO NM, WY
  55. Grindelia subdecurrens - SLP, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes
  56. Grindelia sublanuginosa - Jalisco
  57. Grindelia tarapacana - Tarapacá, Peru
  58. Grindelia tenella - Nuevo León, SLP, Tamaulipas
  59. Grindelia turneri - Nuevo León
  60. Grindelia ventanensis Buenos Aires
  61. Grindelia vetimontis - Nuevo León
  62. Grindelia villarrealii - Nuevo Leon

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist
  2. ^ Willdenow, Carl Ludwig von. 1807. Magazin für die Neuesten Entdeckungen in der Gesammten Naturkunde, Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1(4): 259–261
  3. ^ Tropicos, Grindelia Willd.
  4. ^ Nesom, Guy L. 1990. Studies in the systematics of Mexican and Texan Grindelia (Asteraceae:Astereae). Phytologia 68(4):303-332
  5. ^ a b Flora of North America Vol. 20 Page 424 Gum-plant, resin-weed Grindelia Willdenow, Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. 1: 259. 1807.
  6. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
  7. ^ Davidse, G., M. Sousa-Peña, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2015. Asteraceae. 5(2): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México
  8. ^ Pruski, J.F. & G. Sancho. 2004. Asteraceae or Compositae (Aster or Sunflower Family). 33–39. In N. Smith & et al. (eds.) Flowering plants of the Neotropics. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

External links[edit]