Guidobaldo da Montefeltro

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Guidobaldo I
Guidobaldo montefeltro.jpg
Duke of Urbino
Reign 1482-1502
Predecessor Federico III da Montefeltro
Successor Cesare Borgia
Duke of Urbino
Reign 1503-1508
Predecessor Cesare Borgia
Successor Francesco Maria I della Rovere
Spouse Elisabetta Gonzaga
House Montefeltro
Father Federico III da Montefeltro
Mother Battista Sforza
Born (1472-01-17)17 January 1472
Gubbio, Duchy of Urbino
Died 10 April 1508(1508-04-10) (aged 36)
Fossombrone, Duchy of Urbino

Guidobaldo (Guido Ubaldo) da Montefeltro (January 17, 1472 – April 10, 1508), also known as Guidobaldo I, was an Italian condottiero and the Duke of Urbino from 1482 to 1508.

Biography[edit]

Born in Gubbio, he succeeded his father Federico da Montefeltro as Duke of Urbino in 1482.

Guidobaldo married Elisabetta Gonzaga, the sister of Francesco II Gonzaga, Marquis of Mantua. Guidobaldo was impotent, and they had no children, but Elisabetta refused to divorce him.

He fought as one of Pope Alexander VI's captains alongside the French troops of King Charles VIII of France during the latter's invasion of southern Italy; later, he was hired by the Republic of Venice against Charles. In 1496, while fighting for the Pope near Bracciano, Guidobaldo was taken prisoner by the Orsini and the Vitelli, being freed the following year.

Guidobaldo was forced to flee Urbino in 1502 to escape the armies of Cesare Borgia, but returned after the death of Cesare Borgia's father, pope Alexander VI, in 1503. He adopted as his heir Francesco Maria della Rovere, his sister's child and nephew of pope Julius II, thus uniting the seigniory of Senigallia with Urbino. He aided pope Julius II in reconquering the Romagna.

The court of Urbino was at that time one of the most refined and elegant in Italy. Many men of letters met there. The Italo-English historian Polydore Vergil may have worked in the service of Guidobaldo and Elisabetta as well as Baldassare Castiglione, the author of the book Il Cortegiano, which describes the court of Urbino.

Suffering from pellagra, Guidobaldo died in Fossombrone at the age of 36, and was succeeded by his nephew.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Rendina, Claudio (1985). I capitani di ventura. Rome: Newton Compton. pp. 393–394. 
  • Pietro Bembo, Vita dello illustrissimo s. Guidobaldo duca d'Vrbino. E della illustriss. sig. Helisabetta Gonzaga sua consorte, Firenze, Lorenzo Torrentino 1555
  • P. Giovio. Istorie dei suoi tempi, Venezia 1570
  • F. Ugolini. Guidobaldo da Montefeltro in «Imparziale fiorentino», 1857
  • Bernardino Baldi, Della vita e de' fatti di Guidobaldo I da Montefeltro, Duca d'Urbino libri dodici, Milano, Silvestri 1821
  • G. Franceschini. I Montefeltro, Milano 1970
  • C. H. Clough, A. Conti, Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, duca di Urbino: fu mai gonfaloniere di Sancta Romana Ecclesia? in «Studi Montefeltrani», n. 27, San Leo 2006

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Federico III
Duke of Urbino
1482–1502
Succeeded by
Cesare Borgia
Preceded by
Cesare Borgia
Duke of Urbino
1503–1508
Succeeded by
Francesco Maria I della Rovere