Duchy of Urbino
|(County) Duchy of Urbino|
|Ducato (Contea) di Urbino|
|State of the Holy Roman Empire|
The Duchy of Urbino in the 17th Century
|Capital||Urbino (1443 - 1523)
Pesaro (1523 - 1631)
|Historical era||Middle Ages
|-||County created by
Emp. Frederick II
|-||Raised to duchy by
Pope Eugene IV
|-||Annexed to the
|Today part of||Italy|
The Duchy of Urbino was a sovereign state of northern Italy.
The first lords of Urbino were the House of Montefeltro, who obtained the title of counts from Emperor Frederick II in 1213. The first Duke was Oddantonio, who received the title from Pope Eugene IV in 1443. The duchy's territories occupied approximately the northern part of the modern region of Marche: they were bordered by the Adriatic Sea in the east, the Republic of Florence in the west and by the Papal States southwards.
In 1523 the capital was moved to Pesaro. After the short rule by Cesare Borgia in 1502–08, the dukedom went to the della Rovere papal family, who held it until 1625, when Pope Urban VIII annexed it to the Papal States as Legazione del Ducato di Urbino (later Legazione di Urbino).
- Also count or duke of Montefeltro, count of Castel Durante, lord of Cagli, Gubbio, Cantiano, Frontone and Sassocorvaro.
- Also count of Mercatello, lord of Pergola and Fossombrone.
- Also duke of Valentinois and Romagna, prince of Andria and Venafro, count of Dyois, lord of Forlì, Imola, Rimini, Piombino and Camerino.
- Also duke of Sora and Arce.
- Also lord of Senigallia.
- Also ruler of Florence.
- History of the popes; their church and state (Volume III) by Leopold von Ranke (Wellesley College Library, 2009)
- Franceschini, G. (1970), I Montefeltro . Milan.
- Ugolini, F. (1859), Storia dei conti e duchi d'Urbino . Florence.