Duchy of Urbino

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(County) Duchy of Urbino
Ducato (Contea) di Urbino
State of the Holy Roman Empire

1213–1625


Coat of arms

The Duchy of Urbino in the 17th Century
Capital Urbino (1443 - 1523)
Pesaro (1523 - 1631)
Government Feudal monarchy
Historical era Middle Ages
Renaissance
Early modern
 -  County created by
    Emp. Frederick II
1213
 -  Raised to duchy by
    Pope Eugene IV

1443
 -  Annexed to the
    Papal States
1625
Today part of  Italy

The Duchy of Urbino was a sovereign state of northern Italy.

The first lords of Urbino were the Montefeltro, who obtained the title of counts from Emperor Frederick II in 1213. The first Duke was Oddantonio, who received the title from Pope Eugene IV in 1443. The duchy's territories occupied approximately the northern part of the modern region of Marche: they were bordered by the Adriatic Sea at east, the Republic of Florence at west and by the Papal States southwards.

In 1523 the capital was moved to Pesaro. After the short rule by Cesare Borgia in 1502–08, the dukedom went to the della Rovere papal family, who held it until 1625, when Pope Urban VIII annexed to the Papal States as Legazione del Ducato di Urbino (later Legazione di Urbino).

Countess of Urbino[edit]

House of Montefeltro, 1234–1443[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Countess Ceased to be Countess Death Spouse
Blason famille it Gonzaga01.svg Teodora Gonzaga
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]
Ugolino Gonzaga
(Gonzaga)
- 1365 1370
husband's death
- Federico II da Montefeltro
Agnesina dei Prefetti di Vico
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]
Giovanni, Prefect and Lord of Vico
(Vico)
- - 1363
husband's accession
29 April 1404
husband's death
16 May 1416 Antonio II da Montefeltro
Coat of arms of the House of Malatesta.svg Ringarda Malatesta
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]
Galeotto Roberto, Lord of Rimini
(Malatesta)
- 1397 29 April 1404
husband's accession
1434 Guidantonio da Montefeltro
CoA fam ITA colonna.png Caterina Colonna
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]
Lorenzo Onofrio Colonna, Count of Alba
(Colonna)
- 23 January 1424/1436 1438

Duchess of Urbino[edit]

House of Montefeltro, 1443–1502[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Blason Nicolas III d'Este (1383 - 1441).svg Isotta d'Este
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]
Niccolò III d'Este
(Este)
1425 10 March 1444 22 July 1444
husband's death
1456 Oddantonio da Montefeltro
Gentile Brancaleoni
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]
Bartolomeo Brancaleoni
(Brancaleoni)
1416 1437/40 22 July 1444
husband's accession
1459 Federico III da Montefeltro
Battista sforza.jpg Battista Sforza
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]
Alessandro Sforza, Lord of Pesaro
(Sforza)
1447 10 February 1460 6 July 1472
Raffaello - ElisabettaGonzaga.jpg Elisabetta Gonzaga
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]
Federico I Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantua
(Gonzaga)
9 February 1471 11 February 1489 21 June 1502
husband's flight
28 January 1526 Guidobaldo da Montefeltro

House of Borgia, 1502–1503[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Charlotte d'Albret.jpg Charlotte of Albret, Lady of Chalus
[11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19]
Alain I of Albret
(Albret)
1480 10 May 1499 21 June 1502
husband occupys Urbino
18 August 1503
husband losses Urbino
11 March 1514 Cesare Borgia

House of Montefeltro, 1503–1508[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Raffaello - ElisabettaGonzaga.jpg Elisabetta Gonzaga
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]
Federico I Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantua
(Gonzaga)
9 February 1471 11 February 1489 18 August 1503
husband's reestablishment after the Pope death
10 April 1508
husband's death
28 January 1526 Guidobaldo da Montefeltro

House of della Rovere, 1508–1516[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Tizian 055.jpg Eleonor Gonzaga
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][20][21]
Francesco II Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantua
(Gonzaga)
31 December 1493 1508 10 April 1508
husband's accession
1516
husband's excommunication by the Pope
13 February 1550 Francesco Maria I della Rovere

House of Medici, 1516–1519[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Madeleine de la Tour.jpg Madeleine de la Tour d'Auvergne
[22]
John III, Count of Auvergne
(La Tour d'Auvergne)
1501 5 May 1518 28 April 1519 Lorenzo II de' Medici

House of della Rovere, 1508–1625[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Tizian 055.jpg Eleonor Gonzaga
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][20][21]
Francesco II Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantua
(Gonzaga)
31 December 1493 1508 1 December 1521
husband's reestablishment after the Pope death
20 October 1538
husband's death
13 February 1550 Francesco Maria I della Rovere
Tizian 102.jpg Giulia da Varano
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][20][21]
Giovanni Maria da Varano, Duke of Camerino
(da Varano)
1524 12 October 1535 20 October 1538
husband's accession
18 February 1547 Guidobaldo II della Rovere
Translation Needed Vittoria Farnese
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][20][21]
Pier Luigi Farnese, Duke of Parma
(Farnese)
1521 26 January 1548 28 September 1574
husband's death
13 September 1602
Coat of arms of the House of Este (1535).svg Lucrezia d'Este
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][20][21]
Ercole II d'Este
(Este)
16 December 1535 18 May 1570 28 September 1574
husband's accession
1578
unofficial separation
15 February 1597 Francesco Maria II della Rovere
Coat of arms of the House of della Rovere.svg Livia della Rovere
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][20]
Ippolito della Rovere, marchese di San Lorenzo in Campo
(della Rovere)
16 December 1585 26 April 1599 1621
husband's abdication
6 July 1641
Lorenzo Lippi 002.jpg Claudia de' Medici
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][20]
Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
(Medici)
4 June 1604 1621 28 June 1623
husband's death
25 December 1648 Federico Ubaldo della Rovere
Coat of arms of the House of della Rovere.svg Livia della Rovere
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][20]
Ippolito della Rovere, marchese di San Lorenzo in Campo
(della Rovere)
16 December 1585 26 April 1599 28 June 1623
husband's reaccession
1625
duchy returned to the Pope
6 July 1641 Francesco Maria II della Rovere

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Also Countess (later Duchess) consort of Montefeltro
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Also Countess consort of Castel Durante
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Also Lady of Cagli
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Also Lady of Gubbio
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Also Lady of Cantiano
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Also Lady of Frontone
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Also Lady of Sassocorvaro
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Also Countess consort of Mercatello
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Also Lady of Pergola
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Also Lady of Fossombrone
  11. ^ Also Duchess consort of Valentinois
  12. ^ Also Duchess consort of Romagna
  13. ^ Also Princess consort of Andria and Venafro
  14. ^ Also Countess consort of Dyois
  15. ^ Also Lady of Forlì
  16. ^ Also Lady of Imola
  17. ^ Also Lady of Rimini
  18. ^ Also Lady of Piombino
  19. ^ Also Lady of Camerino
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h Also Lady of Senigallia
  21. ^ a b c d e Also Duchess consort of Sora and Arce
  22. ^ Also Consorts of Florence

Coordinates: 43°43′N 12°38′E / 43.717°N 12.633°E / 43.717; 12.633