Guillermo Cabrera Infante

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Guillermo Cabrera Infante
Guillermo cabrera infante
Infante at the Miami Book Fair International, 1994
Born Guillermo Cabrera Infante
(1929-04-22)April 22, 1929
Gibara, Cuba
Died February 21, 2005(2005-02-21) (aged 75)
London, United Kingdom
Pen name Guillermo Cain
Language Spanish
Nationality Cuban
Citizenship British
Spouse(s) Marta Calvo (1953–1958)
Miriam Gómez (1961–2005)
Children Ana (b. 1954), Carola (b. 1958)

Guillermo Cabrera Infante (Spanish pronunciation: [ɡiˈʎermo kaˈβɾeɾa imˈfante]; Gibara, 22 April 1929 – 21 February 2005) was a Cuban novelist, essayist, translator, screenwriter,[1] and critic; in the 1950s he used the pseudonym G. Caín.

A one-time supporter of the Castro regime, Cabrera Infante went into exile to London in 1965. He is best known for the novel Tres Tristes Tigres (literally: "three sad tigers", published in English as Three Trapped Tigers), which has been compared favorably to James Joyce's Ulysses.

Biography[edit]

Born in Gibara in Cuba's former Oriente Province (now part of Holguín Province), in 1941 he moved with his parents, to Havana, which would be the setting of nearly all of his writings other than his critical works. His parents were founding members of the Cuban Communist Party.

Originally he intended to become a physician, but abandoned that in favor of writing and his passion for the cinema. Starting in 1950, he studied journalism at the University of Havana.[2][3] Under the Batista regime he was arrested and fined in 1952 for publishing a short story which included several English-language profanities. His opposition to Batista later cost him a short jail term.

He married for the first time in 1953. From 1954 to 1960 he wrote film reviews for the magazine Carteles, using the pseudonym G. Caín; he became its editor in chief, still pseudonymously, in 1957. With the triumph of the Cuban Revolution in 1959 he was named director of the Instituto del Cine. He was also head of the literary magazine Lunes de Revolución, a supplement to the Communist newspaper Revolución; however, this supplement was prohibited in 1961 by Fidel Castro.

He divorced in 1961 and in the same year married his second wife, Miriam Gomez, an actress. Having fallen somewhat out of favor with the Castro regime (the government's ban on a documentary on Havana nightlife made by his brother led to his being forbidden to publish in Cuba), he served from 1962 to 1965 in Brussels, Belgium, as a cultural attaché. During this time, his sentiments turned against the Castro regime; after returning to Cuba for his mother's funeral in 1965, he went into exile, first in Madrid, then in London.

In 1966 he published Tres Tristes Tigres, a highly experimental, Joycean novel, playful and rich in literary allusions, which intended to do for Cuban Spanish what Mark Twain had done for American English, recording the great variety of its colloquial variations.

He co-wrote the script for Richard C. Sarafian's 1971 cult film Vanishing Point under the pseudonym Guillermo Caín.[4]

Although he is considered a part of the famed "Latin American Boom" generation of writers that includes his contemporary Gabriel García Márquez, he disdained the label. Even an iconoclast, he even rejected the label "novel" for his masterpieces, such as Tres Tristes Tigres and La Habana para un infante difunto. He was influential to Puerto Rican and Cuban writers such as Luis Rafael Sánchez (La guaracha del Macho Camacho) and Fernando Velázquez Medina (Última rumba en La Habana).

In 1997 he received the Premio Cervantes, presented to him by King Juan Carlos of Spain. He died on February 21 2005, in London, of septicemia. He had two daughters from his first marriage.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Así en la paz como en la guerra (1960, "In peace as in war"; a pun on a line from the Lord's Prayer), a collection of stories
  • Twentieth Century Job (1963, published in Spanish as "Un oficio del siglo XX"), a collection of film reviews
  • Tres Tristes Tigres (1967, published in English as Three Trapped Tigers; the original title refers to a Spanish-language tongue-twister, and literally means "Three Sad Tigers"; portions of this were later republished as Ella cantaba boleros), novel
  • Vista del amanecer en el trópico (1974, published in English as "A View of Dawn in the Tropics"), novel
  • O (1975), collection of stories
  • Exorcismos de esti(l)o (1976, "Exorcisms of style"; estilo means style and estío, summertime), novel
  • La Habana para un Infante Difunto (1979, published in English as Infante's Inferno; the Spanish title is a pun on "Pavane pour une infante defunte", title of a piano piece by Maurice Ravel), memoir
  • Holy Smoke (1985, in English, later translated into Spanish as Puro Humo), a humorous "history" of cigars
  • Mea Cuba (1991, the title means "Cuba Pisses" or "Cuba is Pissing" and is a pun on "Mea Culpa"), political essays
  • Arcadia todas las noches (1995, "Arcadia every night"), a collection of stories
  • Delito por bailar el chachachá (1995, in English: Guilty of Dancing the ChaChaCha, 2001, translated by himself), a collection of stories
  • Ella Cantaba Boleros (1996, "She Sang Boleros", consists of sections taken from Tres Tristes Tigres), two novellas
  • Cine o sardina (1997, "Cinema or sardine", alludes to the choice his mother gave him between eating and going to the movies), a collection of articles
  • Vidas para leerlas (1998, "Lives to be read"), essays
  • Infantería (2000, title is a pun on his name and the Spanish for "infantry"), collection of writings
  • La ninfa inconstante (2008, "The Inconstant Nymph", posthumous), novel
  • Cuerpos divinos (2010, "Heavenly Bodies", posthumous), autobiographical novel

Cabrera Infante also translated James Joyce's Dubliners into Spanish (1972) and wrote screenplays, including Vanishing Point and the adaptation of Malcolm Lowry's Under the Volcano.

Further reading[edit]

English[edit]

  • Cabrera Infante's Tres tristes tigres: the trapping effect of the signifier over subject and text / Hartman, Carmen Teresa., 2003
  • Guillermo Cabrera Infante: assays, essays and other arts / Nelson, Ardis L., 1999
  • Guillermo Cabrera Infante: two islands, many worlds / Souza, Raymond D., 1996
  • Guillermo Cabrera Infante and the cinema / Hall, Kenneth E., 1989
  • Novel lives: the fictional autobiographies of Guillermo Cabrera Infante and Mario Vargas Llosa / Feal, Rosemary Geisdorfer., 1986
  • Cabrera Infante in the Menippean tradition / Nelson, Ardis L., 1983
  • A critical study of Tres tristes tigres by Guillermo Cabrera Infante / C.A.H.J Scheybeler., 1977
  • Seven voices; seven Latin American writers talk to Rita Guibert. / Guibert, Rita., 1973

Spanish[edit]

  • Acoso y ocaso de una ciudad : La Habana de Alejo Carpentier y Guillermo Cabrera Infante / Yolanda Izquierdo., 2002
  • Para leer Vista del amanecer en el trópico de Guillermo Cabrera Infante / Celina Manzoni., 1999
  • El heraldo de las malas noticias : Guillermo Cabrera Infante : ensayo a dos voces / Jacobo Machover., 1996
  • Cabrera Infante y otros escritores latinoamericanos / Ignacio Díaz Ruiz., 1992
  • Guillermo Cabrera Infante : La Habana, el lenguaje y la cinematografía / Ernesto Gil López., 1985
  • Discontinuidad y ruptura en Guillermo Cabrera Infante / Isabel Alvarez-Borland., 1982
  • Guillermo Cabrera Infante / Rosa María Pereda., 1979
  • Guillermo Cabrera Infante y Tres tristes tigres / Reynaldo L Jiménez., 1977
  • Guillermo Cabrera Infante / Julián Ríos., 1974
  • La nueva novela hispanoamericana y Tres tristes tigres / José Sánchez-Boudy., 1971

References[edit]

External links[edit]