Gut (coastal geography)
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A gut is narrow coastal body of water, a channel or strait, usually one that is subject to strong tidal currents flowing back and forth. Many guts are straits but some are at a river mouths where tidal currents are strong. The comparatively large quantities of water that flow quite quickly through a gut can cause heavy erosion that results in a channel deeper than the rest of the surrounding seabed, and the currents may present a hazard to ships and boats at times.
The term "gut" is primarily (though not exclusively) applied to channels of the coastal waters of the Atlantic coast of North America. A similar term of related but not identical meaning, "gat", is applied to some narrow waterways of the North Sea and Baltic Sea coasts of Europe.
Some bodies of water named "Gut" are:
- Digby Gut in Nova Scotia
- Mira Gut, at the confluence of the Mira River with the Atlantic Ocean at the settlement of Mira Gut, Nova Scotia
- Gut of Canso in Nova Scotia
- Big Gut at Pictou Landing, Nova Scotia
- Shippagan Gut, separating Lamèque Island from the mainland in New Brunswick
- The Gut, separating Rutherford Island from the mainland at South Bristol, Maine
- Townsend Gut, separating Southport Island from the mainland at Southport, Maine
- The Gut at Biddeford Pool in Maine
- Hull Gut in Massachusetts
- Shirley Gut in Massachusetts (now filled)
- Plum Gut (site of the Plum Gut Lighthouse), separating Plum Island from Long Island in New York
- Turtle Gut, site of the Battle of Turtle Gut Inlet in New Jersey (now filled)
- The Wooly Gut, separating West Point Island from West Falkland in the Falkand Islands
- The Gut of Gibraltar, an alternate and mostly archaic name for the Strait of Gibraltar
Many other channels in Canada are named "Gut". Applied to proper names, "gut" is sometimes used more broadly. For instance South Gut and North Gut at the settlement of South Gut St. Anns, Nova Scotia are just inlets, while Brewery Gut in England and The Gut in Ontario are fast-flowing stretches of river, Jigsaw Rock Gut in Antarctica is a gully, and Gardner's Gut in New Zealand is a cave system.
Another meaning for "gut" in geography is a small creek, and this is seen in proper names in the Caribbean (for instance Guinea Gut, Fish Bay Gut, Cob Gut, Battery Gut and other rivers and streams in the United States Virgin Islands, in many rivers and streams of the Dutch Caribbean, and in Jamaica (Sandy Gut, Bens Gut River, White Gut River)) and also in the United States (for instance Ash Gut in Delaware and other streams.)
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- "Gut (definition)". Vocabulary.com. Retrieved August 8, 2014.[better source needed]
- "Gut (definition)". Free Dictionary. Retrieved August 8, 2014.[better source needed]
- "The Woolly Gut". Geoview. Retrieved August 8, 2014.[better source needed]
- Ian Parker (December 26, 2013). "Falkland Islands". Evanescant Light. Parker Lab, Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, University of California Irvine. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
- Google Books Ngram Viewer results
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- "Sandy Gut, Jamaica". iTouch Map. Retrieved August 9, 2014.[better source needed]
- "Bens Gut River". Geoview. Retrieved August 9, 2014.[better source needed]
- "White Gut River (Jamaica)". Gazettering.com. Retrieved August 9, 2014.[better source needed]
- "Ash Gut". Anyplace America. Retrieved August 14, 2014.[better source needed]
- "Feature Query Results". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). United States Geological Survey. Retrieved August 14, 2014.