Gyula Justh

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Gyula Justh
Justh Gyula2.jpg
Speaker of the House of Representatives
In office
21 February 1905 – 12 November 1909
Preceded by Dezső Perczel
Succeeded by Sándor Gál
Personal details
Born (1850-01-13)13 January 1850
Necpál, Kingdom of Hungary
Died 9 October 1917(1917-10-09) (aged 67)
Budapest, Austria-Hungary
Political party Independence Party of 48
Profession jurist, politician
The native form of this personal name is Justh Gyula. This article uses the Western name order.

Gyula Justh (13 January 1850 – 9 October 1917) was a Hungarian jurist and politician, who served as Speaker of the House of Representatives between 1905 and 1909.

Biography[edit]

He was born in Necpál, Turóc County (today: Necpaly, Slovakia) as a child of István Justh and Margit Pákozdy. After finishing law studies he became Chief Constable of Gyula District however the governing Liberal Party overthrew him because of his thoughts of independence against Austro-Hungarian Compromise. After that he returned to his estate in Tornya (today Turnu, Romania). Later he farmed in his property in Csanád County.

Justh in díszmagyar in 1905

He was elected Member of Parliament for Makó in 1884. He held this position until his death. He often spoke out for civic democratic reforms. He served as deputy chairman of the Independence Party since 1891 and as chairman from 1893 when the previous leader Dániel Irányi died. He had a significant role in the developing of Church Policy Act during the first cabinet of Sándor Wekerle in 1894-1895. After division of "48 factions" he broke up with the faction which was led by Gábor Ugron.

He became chairman again when the party reunited but soon resigned from his position for Ferenc Kossuth's benefit. Two years later he had a role in the protests against Press Criminal Procedure. He was one of the leaders of the filibuster in 1898 which led to the resignation of Prime Minister Dezső Bánffy.

Justh was appointed Speaker of the House of Representatives in 1905 when his party won a majority in the lower house. Unlike Ferenc Kossuth he proved to be understanding in the case of Croatian representatives' obstruction who convicted the Hungarian service language among the Croatian Railways. He fought for the introduction of universal suffrage on the side of the Hungarian Social Democratic Party and Civil Radicals (Oszkár Jászi). He resigned in 1909 when he came into conflict with Kossuth in the issue of independent national bank (the Hungarian National Bank was created only in 1924). He led the obstruction against István Tisza in 1912. One year later he was the co-chairman, along with Kossuth, of the united opposition against the Prime Minister's policy but the real power was concentrated in the hands of Count Mihály Károlyi. Justh agreed with the radical programs of Károlyi.

In the last years he suffered from illness and lived in retreat. He is an honorary citizen of Makó.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ferenc Tóth - László Domokos: Címerek és díszpolgárok Makón. A Makói Múzeum Füzetei, 69. Makó, 1991.

External links[edit]

  • Jónás, Károly - Villám, Judit: A Magyar Országgyűlés elnökei 1848-2002. Argumentum, Budapest, 2002. pp. 147–151
Political offices
Preceded by
Dezső Perczel
Speaker of the House of Representatives
1905–1909
Succeeded by
Sándor Gál