László Kövér

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The native form of this personal name is Kövér László. This article uses the Western name order.
László Kövér
László Kövér Senate of Poland 01.JPG
Speaker of the National Assembly
Incumbent
Assumed office
5 August 2010
Preceded by Pál Schmitt
President of Hungary
Acting
In office
2 April 2012 – 10 May 2012
Prime Minister Viktor Orbán
Preceded by Pál Schmitt
Succeeded by János Áder
Minister of Civilian Intelligence Services
In office
8 July 1998 – 3 May 2000
Prime Minister Viktor Orbán
Preceded by István Nikolits
Succeeded by Ervin Demeter
Personal details
Born (1959-12-29) 29 December 1959 (age 54)
Pápa, Hungary
Political party Fidesz
Spouse(s) Mária Bekk
Children 3
Alma mater Eötvös Loránd University
Religion Roman Catholicism

László Kövér (Kövér László, Hungarian pronunciation: [ ˈkøveːr ˈlaːsloː], born on 29 December 1959) is a Hungarian politician and the current Speaker of the National Assembly of Hungary. He was the acting President of Hungary from 2 April 2012 to 10 May 2012, after the resignation of Pál Schmitt.

He is a founding member of Fidesz from 1988, and he served as Minister without portfolio for the Civilian Intelligence Services during the first Viktor Orbán administration. In 2000 he was appointed leader of the party, but he resigned from his position in the next year.

Career[edit]

László Kövér in 2007

László Kövér was born in the town of Pápa and is a founding member of the Fidesz party. He was an active participant in the Opposition Round Table discussions – a notable stage in the Hungarian transition – as well as of the tripartite political negotiations in 1989. A Member of Parliament since 1990, he is now the chairman of the Board of Fidesz - Hungarian Civic Union. He used to lead his political group in the National Assembly, and had chaired the Committee on National Security for two terms. He was minister without portfolio in charge of the Civil National Security Services during the first Orbán Cabinet. Shortly thereafter, he was elected to be the President of Fidesz, a position he held until May 5, 2001.

In the 1996 to 2009 period, he was a member of the Board of the Hungarian Association for Civic Cooperation. A member of the Board of the Hungarian Association of International Children’s Safety Service since1990, he has been its president since 1994.

He was elected Speaker of the National Assembly of Hungary on 22 July 2010. Kövér took the position on 5 August, after his predecessor, Pál Schmitt, replaced László Sólyom as President of Hungary.

Following the resignation of Schmitt as President on 2 April 2012, Kövér became Acting President of the Republic according to the Constitution of Hungary.[1] The National Assembly has 30 days to elect a new President.[2] One of the five deputy speakers of the parliament, Sándor Lezsák was commissioned to exercise the Speaker's rights and responsibilities.[3] Kövér was re-elected as speaker of the parliament on 6 May 2014.

László Kövér speaking in front of the Houses of Parliament - 2014

Personal life[edit]

His paternal grandfather was a carpenter, and also member of the Hungarian Social Democratic Party (MSZDP), later Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (MSZMP). The maternal ancestors belonged to the middle class. His maternal grandfather was a taxi driver. His parents were László Kövér, Sr. (1933–1993), a locksmith and Erzsébet Ábrahám (born 1939). His brother, Szilárd, is a jurist. László Kövér married in 1987, his wife is Mária Bekk, a secondary school teacher of history and ethnography. They have three children: Vajk (1988), Botond (1989) and Csenge (1994).[4]

After the 2006 parliamentary election, when Fidesz lost the elections for the second time, Kövér swore that he would not cut his hair until the party was once again able to form a government. After four years, when his party won a two-thirds majority of seats by gaining 52% of the votes, Kövér appeared with short hair in the inaugural session of the sixth parliamentary term on 14 May 2010.[5]

Controversial views, statements[edit]

According to Hospodářské noviny Kövér said about Gabčíkovo – Nagymaros Dams: "When the Gabčikova-Nagymaros dam was built, the Slovak side has brutally changed the borders. The Hungarian state sought a legal rather than military solution, which it could have used in this situation."[6]

In September 2013, László Kövér said in a radio interview that in the long run he could image parliament should give more executive and legislative power to the cabinet in order to more effective treatment on "everyday challenges and enforce decisions through decrees, without the need to enact even the most detailed rules."[7] He also told to Echo TV that parliament’s current legislative method "with unnecessary detail” must be reformed, "leaving the elaboration of details to the government and simultaneously allowing deputies more time to supervise the executive authority".[8] Both Hungarian Socialist Party and the E14PM electoral alliance called on Kövér to resign because of these statements. Jobbik said "Kövér's statement pointed to a return of the era of the people’s republic."[9]

Nyírő's reburial[edit]

József Nyírő was a popular Hungarian writer in the 1930s and 1940s, and a priest and politician associated with fascism and antisemitism. In 2012, an attempt was made to move Nyírő's remains from Madrid, where his ashes was buried in 1953, to his birthplace Odorheiu Secuiesc in Transylvania.[10] The reburial was originally planned for May 27, but the Romanian government banned the move. Prime Minister of Romania Victor Ponta said that Romania rejects paying tribute on its soil to people known for anti-Semitic, anti-Romanian and pro-fascist conduct.[11] In place of the reburial a small ecumenical service for the writer took place. The ceremony was attended by the leadership of the Jobbik party, and Hungary's State Secretary for Culture Géza Szőcs and speaker of the Hungarian Parliament László Kövér.[10] Kövér complained that the Romanian government is "uncivilized," "paranoid," "hysterical," "barbaric," and that the people "who had a son whose ashes were feared" would be "victorious."[12] He announced that they will bury Nyírő one way or the other and that they had smuggled his ashes into the country.[12] Government authorities searched vehicles to ensure the urn were not buried at the ceremony but its location still remains unknown.[10][12]

Nobel Prize laureate and Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel, in a letter to László Kövér, said he was furious that Kövér had participated in a ceremony honoring a writer who was a loyal member of Hungary's World War II far-right parliament, an act he suggested reflected the authorities' willingness to gloss over the country's dark past. "I found it outrageous that the Speaker of the Hungarian National Assembly could participate in a ceremony honoring a Hungarian fascist ideologue," Wiesel wrote.[13] In further protest, Wiesel rejected the Great Cross, a Hungarian government award that he received in 2004.[10]

Kövér in his answer letter to Wiesel stated, the American, British and Soviet generals in the Allied Control Commission determined the conclusion in 1945 and 1947, when they refused to extradite the exiled writer two times for the request of the contemporary Hungarian Communist Minister of the Interior, Nyirő was not a war criminal, nor fascist or anti-Semitic.[14] He also mentioned that Nicolae Ceauşescu's government treated Nyírő as a well-recognized writer and ensured pension for his widow in the 1970s.[14] Kövér cited a Hungarian Jewish scientific review (the Libanon) and the newspaper stated that Nazi ideals or anti-Semitism can not be found in Nyírő's literary works.[14] Nyírő, the Transylvanian-born Hungarian writer, deserves respect not because of his - although insignificant, but certainly tragically misguided - political activities but his literary works according to Kövér.[14]

Knesset Speaker Reuven Rivlin told Kövér that he is not welcome in Israel saying that the government of Israel is “shocked” that he chose to participate in the event commemorating Nyírő. "We are shocked by the reports that you chose to participate in an event commemorating anti-Semitic writer József Nyírő," wrote Rivlin, "By so doing, you have openly proclaimed your identification with a man whose party, as part of the Hungarian leadership, cooperated with the Nazi murderers in the execution of their plan to annihilate the Jewish people." Rivlin also said: "A person who took part in such a ceremony cannot participate in an event honoring a man like Raoul Wallenberg, a Righteous Gentile, a symbol of humanity, who saved Jews while risking his life, and who serves as an example of the fight against the Nazis and their collaborators, with whom you chose to identify."[15][16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hivatalos: elfogadták Schmitt lemondását". Heti Világgazdaság. 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  2. ^ "Kövér László 38 államfői napja?". Népszava. 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  3. ^ "Lezsák Sándor helyettesíti Kövér Lászlót". Heti Világgazdaság. 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  4. ^ "Kövér László életrajza az Országgyűlés régi honlapján". National Assembly of Hungary. 1996-12-20. Retrieved 2012-04-05. 
  5. ^ "Interesting developments in Fidesz". Hungarian Spectrum. 2010-07-01. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  6. ^ Ehl, Martin (5 June 2011). "President of the Hungarian Parliament: Every Slovak politician is a bit like Slota". iHned.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  7. ^ "House Speaker calls for more executive power for gov’t". Politics.hu. September 10, 2013. Retrieved September 18, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Circumstantial legislation unnecessary, says house speaker". Politics.hu. September 10, 2013. Retrieved September 18, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Socialist, E14-PM heads demand House Speaker quit over call for gov’t to rule by decree". Politics.hu. September 10, 2013. Retrieved September 18, 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Politics and literature". Hungarian Literature Online (HLO). June 24, 2012. Retrieved June 26, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Orbán snubbed by Romanian PM as Nyirő affair escalates". politics.hu. June 4, 2012. Retrieved June 28, 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c "Hungary Rehabilitates Far Right Figures". Internet Centre Anti Racism Europe (ICARE). June 6, 2012. Retrieved June 28, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Wiesel raps Hungary's Nazi past 'whitewash'". The Jerusalem Post. June 19, 2012. Retrieved June 28, 2012. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Kövér válaszlevele Elie Wieselnek: 'Nyirő nem volt fasiszta'". Népszabadság. June 23, 2012. Retrieved June 28, 2012. 
  15. ^ Rachel Hirshfeld (June 24, 2012). "US Lawmakers Call on Hungarian PM to Denounce Anti-Semitism". Israel National News. Retrieved June 28, 2012. 
  16. ^ Gil Ronen (June 24, 2012). "Rivlin Disinvites Hungarian Counterpart". Israel National News. Retrieved June 28, 2012. 

External links[edit]

National Assembly of Hungary
Preceded by
Viktor Orbán
Leader of the Fidesz parliamentary group
1994
Succeeded by
József Szájer
Political offices
Preceded by
István Nikolits
Minister of Civilian Intelligence Services
1998–2000
Succeeded by
Ervin Demeter
Preceded by
Pál Schmitt
Speaker of the National Assembly
2010–present
Incumbent
President of Hungary
Acting

2012
Succeeded by
János Áder
Party political offices
Preceded by
Viktor Orbán
President of Fidesz
2000–2001
Succeeded by
Zoltán Pokorni