HMS Hawke (1891)
|Laid down:||17 June 1889|
|Launched:||11 March 1891|
|Fate:||Sunk by U 9, 15 October 1914|
|Class & type:||Edgar-class protected cruiser|
|Displacement:||7,770 long tons (7,890 t)|
|Length:||387 ft (118.0 m)|
|Beam:||60 ft (18.3 m)|
|Draught:||24 ft (7.3 m)|
|Installed power:||12,000 ihp (8,900 kW)|
|Propulsion:||2 × steam engines
2 × shafts
|Speed:||20 kn (23 mph; 37 km/h)|
|Range:||10,000 nmi (11,510 mi; 18,520 km) at 10 kn (11.5 mph; 18.5 km/h)|
|Armament:||2 × BL 9.2 in (234 mm) Mk VI guns, 10 × QF 6 in (152 mm) guns, 12 × 6 pdr (2.7 kg) guns|
In 1897-1898, Hawke — under the command of Captain Sir Richard Poore — was in action in the Mediterranean in the operations which led to the pacification of Crete and the appointment of Prince George of Greece as High Commissioner under the suzerainty of the Sultan of Turkey. At one point, she was used as a troopship, taking on a Greek military force in Platania Bay and transporting them back to Greece.
Collision with the Olympic
On 20 September 1911, Hawke, under command of Commander W.F. Blunt, collided in the Solent with the White Star liner RMS Olympic. In the course of the collision, Hawke lost her prow. (This was replaced by a straight bow). The subsequent trial pronounced Hawke to be free from any blame. During the trial, a theory was advanced that the large amount of water displaced by the Olympic had generated a suction that had drawn Hawke off course. The decision of the first court to try the case provoked a series of legal appeals.
Early in the First World War, Hawke, commanded by Capt.Hugh P.E.T. Williams, was engaged in various operations in the North Sea. On 15 October 1914 Hawke, sailing with her sister ship Theseus, was torpedoed by German submarine U-9. The submarine's first torpedo missed Theseus but hit Hawke, igniting a magazine and causing a tremendous explosion which ripped much of the ship apart. Hawke sank in a few minutes with the loss of her captain, 26 officers and 497 men; only 70 of her 594 crew survived.
- "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Friday, 23 August 1901. (36541), p. 4.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Roger Chesneau and Eugene M. Kolesnik, ed., Conway's All The Worlds Fighting Ships, 1860-1905, (Conway Maritime Press, London, 1979), ISBN 0-85177-133-5
- Encyclopedia Titanica: HMS Hawke