Hashtrud

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the administrative subdivision, see Hashtrud County. For the village in West Azerbaijan Province, see Hashtrud, West Azerbaijan.
"Saraskand" redirects here. For the nearby villages of that name, see Saraskand-e Olya and Saraskand-e Sofla.
Hashtrud
هشترود
city
Hashtrud is located in Iran
Hashtrud
Hashtrud
Coordinates: 37°28′40″N 47°03′03″E / 37.47778°N 47.05083°E / 37.47778; 47.05083Coordinates: 37°28′40″N 47°03′03″E / 37.47778°N 47.05083°E / 37.47778; 47.05083
Country  Iran
Province East Azerbaijan
County Hashtrud
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 18,418
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Hashtrud (Persian: هشترود‎; also Romanized as Hashtrūd; also known as Āz̄arān, Sarāskand, Sar Eskand, Sar Eskandar, and Sar Eskand Khān)[1] is a city in and the capital of Hashtrud County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Hashtrud is located 140 km from Tabriz, the capital of the East-Azerbaijan province of Iran. During the 2006 census, the population was 18,418, with 4,493 families.[2] Hashtrud is also bordered with the Sahand mountains toward the west of the city, and is surrounded by several rivers, such as the Qranqvchay, and Ozan river.[3]

History[edit]

Hashtrud is home to the Zahhak Castle, named after Zahhak in ancient Persian mythology. The castle was inhabited by various Persian dynasties until the Timurid era.[4]

Before the 1979 Islamic Revolution, a census report recalls that Hashtrud was home to roughly 10 Jewish families.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hashtrud can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3054140" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (EXCEL) on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ fa:هشترود
  4. ^ http://www.tishineh.com/touritem/844/Zahhak-Castle
  5. ^ http://mcohen02.tripod.com/azarbaijan.pdf