Heart of Neolithic Orkney
|Heart of Neolithic Orkney|
|Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List|
|Criteria||i, ii, iii, iv|
|UNESCO region||Europe and North America|
|Inscription||1999 (23rd Session)|
Heart of Neolithic Orkney refers to a group of Neolithic monuments found on the Mainland, one of the islands of Orkney, Scotland. The name was adopted by UNESCO when it proclaimed these sites as a World Heritage Site in 1999.
The site of patrimony currently consists of four sites:
- Maeshowe – a unique chambered cairn and passage grave, aligned so that its central chamber is illuminated on the winter solstice. It was looted by Vikings who left one of the largest collections of runic inscriptions in the world.
- Standing Stones of Stenness – the four remaining megaliths of a henge, the largest of which is 6 metres (19 ft) high.
- Ring of Brodgar – a stone circle 104 metres in diameter, originally composed of 60 stones set within a circular ditch up to 3 metres deep and 10 metres wide, forming a henge monument. It has been estimated that the structure took 80,000 man-hours to construct.
- Skara Brae – a cluster of ten houses making up Northern Europe’s best-preserved Neolithic village.
Ness of Brodgar is an archaeological site between the Ring of Brodgar and the Stones of Stenness that has provided evidence of housing, decorated stone slabs, a massive stone wall with foundations, and a large building described as a Neolithic "cathedral".
- Prehistoric Scotland
- Timeline of prehistoric Scotland
- Oldest buildings in Scotland
- Oldest buildings in the world
References and footnotes
- General references
- Wickham-Jones, Caroline (2007) Orkney: A Historical Guide. Edinburgh. Birlinn.
- Specific references and notes
- "Maeshowe". Orkneyjar. Retrieved 11 February 2008.
- "The Standing Stones o' Stenness". Orkneyjar. Retrieved 16 September 2008.
- Wickham-Jones (2007) p. 28.
- " The Ring o' Brodgar, Stenness ". Orkneyjar. Retrieved 16 September 2008.
- Wickham-Jones (2007) pp. 28–29.
- "Skara Brae Prehistoric Village" Historic Scotland. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
- Towrie, Sigurd (16 August 2007) "Stone wall hints at Neolithic spiritual barrier "[dead link] Orkneyjar. Retrieved 17 September 2008.
- Ross, John and Hartley, David (14 August 2009) " 'Cathedral' as old as Stonehenge unearthed." Edinburgh. The Scotsman. Retrieved 16 August 2009.