Heart of Stone is the nineteenth studio album by American singer-actress Cher, released on June 19, 1989 by Geffen Records. It is one of Cher's best-selling albums with over 20 million copies sold worldwide. The album was supported by her 1989 sold-out Heart of Stone Tour.
Heart of Stone was released in 1989 and was her second studio album for Geffen Records. As with her previous album Cher, Peter Asher, Jon Bon Jovi, Diane Warren, Guy Roche and Desmond Child performed songwriting and/or producing duties. Bonnie Tyler and Michael Bolton performed background vocals on the song "Emotional Fire", which was an outtake from Bolton's 1987 album The Hunger, as was "Starting Over" (Demo versions of the song exist in bootleg form). The album was recorded in late 1988/early 1989, during the third year of Cher's relationship with Rob Camilletti, to whom she dedicated the album.
Heart of Stone reached number ten in the United States, number seven in the United Kingdom, and by topping the charts in Australia, Heart of Stone became Geffen's first international number one album. It was her first solo album in the United States (Sonny and Cher's debut album "Look at Us" reached number two and stayed there for eight weeks) to reach top 10. Further on in her career, Cher would go on to have four more top ten albums - Believe, Living Proof, The Very Best of Cher and Closer to the Truth. It peaked at #10 on the Billboard Top 200 Albums chart for sales of 209,000. As of November 2011, the album has sold 3 million copies in the United States, according to Nielsen SoundScan, which began counting sales after March 1, 1991.
The album was first released with artwork, and later re-released with more conventional studio photos. The original was a painting by Octavio Ocampo, featuring Cher sitting beside a stone heart, creating the illusion of a skull (see infobox picture). The artwork was changed shortly after its release, making copies with the original artwork collector's items.
Recorded & Mixed By Frank Wolf; assisted by Guy Roche
Drums, Percussion: Mark T. Williams; Bass: John Pierce; Keyboards: Guy Roche, Alan Pasua; Guitars: Steve Lukather, Glenn Sciurba, Gene Black; Vocal Backing: Desmond Child, Michael Anthony, Robin Beck, Jean McClain, Jimmy Demers
Tracks 2, 7 & 9 Produced By Desmond Child
Recorded & Mixed By Sir Arthur Payson, with track 2 mixed by Mick Guzauski
Drums: Bobby Chouinard; Bass: Hugh McDonald; Keyboards: Alan St. Jon (tracks 2 & 9), Eric Rehl (track 7); **Guitars: John McCurry, (tracks 2 & 9), John Putnam (track 2), Steve Lukather, Blues Saraceno (both track 7), Ron Mancuso (track 9)
Recorded By Frank Wolf; additional engineering by Roger Talkov, Terry Christian & Jay Healy. Mixed By Mick Guzauski
Drums: John Keane; Percussion on track 10: Bashiri Johnson; Bass: Phillip Ashley (track 10; also played keyboards on all three tracks), Neil Steubenhaus (tracks 3 & 5); Keyboards: Robbie Buchanan (track 10); Guitars: Mike Landau (tracks 3, 5 & 10), John McCurry (track 5)
Tracks 4, 6 & 12 Produced By Peter Asher; associate producer on track 12: Frank Wolf
Recorded & Mixed By Frank Wolf
Drums: Carlos Vega; Percussion: Michael Fisher, Peter Asher (both track 6); Bass: Lee Sklar; Guitars: Waddy Wachtel, Mike Landau, Andrew Gold; Keyboards: Robbie Buchanan, Jon Gilutin; Sax on track 6: Daniel Higgins
Tracks 8 & 11 Produced By Jon Lind
Recorded & Mixed By Mick Guzauski, with engineering assistance by Frank Wolf & Paul Klingberg
Drums: John Keane; Percussion on track 11: Debra Dobkin; Bass: John Pierce; Piano & Synth on track 8, All Keyboards on track 11: John Schreiner; Additional Synth on track 8: Jim Lang; Guitars: Michael Thompson
Mastered By Dan Hersch; assisted by David Donnelly