Ernst Paul Heinz Prüfer (10 November 1896–7 April 1934) was a German mathematician, who worked on abelian groups, algebraic numbers, knot theory and Sturm-Liouville theory. His advisor was Issai Schur.
- Behnke, H.; Köthe, G. (1935), "Heinz Prüfer", Jahresbericht der Deutschen Mathematiker-Vereinigung XLV: 32–40
- Mader, Adolf (1987), "Heinz Prüfer and his papers on abelian groups", in Rüdiger Göbel, Elbert Walker, Abelian group theory: proceedings of the Third Conference on Abelian Group Theory at Oberwolfach, August 11-17, 1985, Gordon and Breach, pp. 1–8, ISBN 978-2-88124-166-6, MR 1011302