Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent

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His Grace
The Duke of Kent
KG PC
Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent.jpg
Lord Chamberlain
In office
1704–1710
Preceded by The Earl of Jersey
Succeeded by The Duke of Shrewsbury
Lord Steward of the Household
In office
1716–1718
Preceded by The Duke of Devonshire
Succeeded by The Duke of Argyll
Lord Privy Seal
In office
1719–1720
Preceded by The Duke of Kingston
Succeeded by The Duke of Kingston

Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent, KG PC (1671 – 5 June 1740) was a British politician and courtier.

Family[edit]

He was a son of Anthony Grey, 11th Earl of Kent, and Mary Grey, 1st Baroness Lucas of Crudwell. He succeeded his father as 12th Earl of Kent in 1702, having succeeded his mother as 2nd Baron Lucas earlier the same year.

Political career[edit]

Having taken his seat in the House of Lords and though regarded as lacking talent and ambition[1] he, as the politically expedient candidate, was made Lord Chamberlain and a Privy Counsellor in 1704. Unpopular, Grey was nicknamed Bug for his body odour.[2] In 1710 he traded his position for a Dukedom and was succeeded as Lord Chamberlain by the Duke of Shrewsbury. It should be noted that contemporary commentators including John Macky and Jonathan Swift did defend Grey. He may have been, for his time, the right man in the right place.[1]

After 1710 he served in politically minor positions: lord of the bedchamber, constable of Windsor Castle, lord steward of the household from 1716 until 1718, and lord keeper of the privy seal from 1719 until 1720. Grey was one of the Lords Justices appointed during the absence of George I of Great Britain.

In 1719 he was one of main subscribers in the Royal Academy of Music (1719), a corporation that produced baroque opera on stage. At the age of 68, a year before his death, Grey took part, as a founding governor, in the creation of Britain's first home for abandoned children, London's Foundling Hospital.

Titles[edit]

Grey succeeded his father as 12th Earl of Kent in 1702, having succeeded his mother as 2nd Baron Lucas earlier the same year. He was created Marquess of Kent, Earl of Harold and Viscount Goderich in 1706, Duke of Kent in 1710 for relinquishing his Lord Chamberlain position, and made a Knight of the Garter in 1712. Left without a male heir after the death of his son George Grey, Earl of Harold, in 1733, he was created Marquess Grey in 1740, with a special remainder to his granddaughter Lady Jemima Campbell and her heirs male. She also succeeded to the Barony of Lucas. All his other titles became extinct at his death.

Marriages and children[edit]

Jemima Crew and Jemima Grey, Henry's first wife and one of their daughters, respectively

Henry married first Jemima Crew (d. 2 July 1728), a daughter of Thomas Crew, 2nd Baron Crew, and his second wife, Anne Armine, daughter of Sir William Airmine, 2nd Baronet.[3] They had at least six children:

He married secondly Sophia Bentinck (died 5 June 1741) on 24 March 1729, a daughter of William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland, and his second wife Jane Martha Temple. They had a son and a daughter:

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Philip Carter, ‘Grey, Henry, duke of Kent’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004
  2. ^ See - Paul J. DeGategno & R. Jay Stubblefield Critical companion to Jonathan Swift: a literary reference to his life and works (2006) p. 354.
  3. ^ John and J.B. Burke. A genealogical and heraldic history of the extinct and dormant baronetcies of England, Scott, Webster, and Geary, 1838. pg 3. Google eBook

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Jersey
Lord Chamberlain
1704–1710
Succeeded by
The Duke of Shrewsbury
Preceded by
The Duke of Devonshire
Lord Steward
1716–1718
Succeeded by
The Duke of Argyll
Preceded by
The Duke of Kingston
Lord Privy Seal
1719–1720
Succeeded by
The Duke of Kingston
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Shrewsbury
Lord Lieutenant of Herefordshire
1704–1714
Succeeded by
The Lord Coningsby
Preceded by
The Duke of Bedford
Lord Lieutenant of Bedfordshire
1711–1740
Vacant
Title next held by
The Duke of Bedford
Preceded by
The Earl Bolingbroke
Custos Rotulorum of Bedfordshire
1711–1740
Preceded by
The Earl of Bridgewater
Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire
1711–1712
Succeeded by
The Viscount Newhaven
Peerage of England
New creation Duke of Kent
1710–1740
Extinct
Marquess Grey
1740
Succeeded by
Jemima Yorke
Marquess of Kent
1706–1740
Extinct
Preceded by
Anthony Grey
Earl of Kent
1702–1740
Preceded by
Mary Grey
Baron Lucas of Crudwell
(descended by acceleration)

1702–1718
Succeeded by
Anthony Grey
Preceded by
Anthony Grey
Baron Lucas of Crudwell
1723–1740
Succeeded by
Jemima Yorke