Henry Holland, 1st Viscount Knutsford

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For other people of the same name, see Henry Holland (disambiguation).
The Right Honourable
The Viscount Knutsford
GCMG PC
Knutsford1.JPG
Secretary of State for the Colonies
In office
14 January 1887 – 11 August 1892
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded by Hon. Edward Stanhope
Succeeded by The Marquess of Ripon
Personal details
Born Henry Thurstan Holland
3 August 1825 (1825-08-03)
Knutsford, Cheshire
Died 29 January 1914 (1914-01-30) (aged 88)
Knutsford, Cheshire
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Hibbert (d. 1855)
Alma mater University of Durham
Trinity College, Cambridge

Henry Thurstan Holland, 1st Viscount Knutsford GCMG, PC (3 August 1825–29 January 1914), known as Sir Henry Holland, Bt, from 1873 to 1888 and as The Lord Knutsford from 1888 to 1895, was a British Conservative politician, best known for serving as Secretary of State for the Colonies from 1887 to 1892.

Background and education[edit]

The son of Sir Henry Holland, 1st Baronet, a prominent physician, Knutsford was educated at Harrow School, Durham University, and Trinity College, Cambridge, and took his degree in 1847.[1] He studied law, and was called to the bar at the Inner Temple in 1849. He practiced law privately until 1867, when he became legal advisor to the Colonial Office.

Political career[edit]

Knutsford by Arthur Stockdale Cope (1906).

In 1870 Knutsford became assistant colonial undersecretary, serving until 1874, and in 1873, having succeeded his father as 2nd Baronet, he was elected to the House of Commons as a Conservative. In Lord Salisbury's first administration (1885–1886), Knutsford served as Financial Secretary to the Treasury and then as Vice President of the Committee of Council on Education. He served in this role again at the beginning of Salisbury's second ministry (1886–1887), but was soon promoted to Colonial Secretary (in January 1887).

As Colonial Secretary, Knutsford was largely concerned with South African affairs, being the Colonial Secretary who granted the charter for Cecil Rhodes's British South Africa Company in 1887. In 1888 he was elevated to the peerage as Baron Knutsford, of Knutsford in the County Palatine of Chester. In 1895, Knutsford was not included in Salisbury's new government. He was further honoured the same year when he was made Viscount Knutsford, of Knutsford in the County Palatine of Chester.

Family[edit]

Holland married Elizabeth Margaret, daughter of Nathaniel Hibbert, in 1852. They had twin sons and one daughter:

Elizabeth died in April 1855, only a few weeks after the birth of her twin sons. On 25 November 1858, Holland married Margaret Jean Trevelyan (1835–1906), by whom he had a daughter and three sons:

  • Henry Macaulay Holland (16 September 1859 – 6 April 1878)
  • Hon. Margaret Alice Holland (5 September 1861 – 1937), married Reginald Abel Smith
  • Capt. Hon. Cecil Trevelyan Holland (26 October 1862 – 1941)
  • Hon. Lionel Raleigh Holland (1865–1936)

Lord Knutsford remained a widower until his death in January 1914, aged 88. His funeral was held at Golders Green Crematorium. He was succeeded in his titles by his eldest twin son, Sydney.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Holland, Henry Thurstan (HLNT843HT)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Charles Perceval
Member of Parliament for Midhurst
18741885
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Hampstead
18851888
Succeeded by
Edward Brodie Hoare
Political offices
Preceded by
John Tomlinson Hibbert
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
1885
Succeeded by
Sir Matthew White Ridley, Bt
Preceded by
Hon. Edward Stanhope
Vice President of the Council
1885–1886
Succeeded by
Sir Lyon Playfair
Preceded by
Sir Lyon Playfair
Vice President of the Council
1886–1887
Succeeded by
Sir William Hart Dyke, Bt
Preceded by
Hon. Edward Stanhope
Secretary of State for the Colonies
1887–1892
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Ripon
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Knutsford
1895–1914
Succeeded by
Sydney Holland
New creation Baron Knutsford
1888–1914
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Holland
Baronet
(of Sandlebridge)
1873–1914
Succeeded by
Sydney Holland