Hevea

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Hevea
Hevea brasiliensis - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-071.jpg
Hevea brasiliensis[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Crotonoideae
Tribe: Micrandreae
Subtribe: Heveinae
Genus: Hevea
Aubl.
Synonyms[2][3]
  • Caoutchoua J.F.Gmel.
  • Micrandra Benn. & R.Br. 1854, illegitimate homonym, not Benth. 1844
  • Siphonanthus Schreb. ex Baill.
  • Siphonia D.Richard ex Schreb. 1791 not Benth. 1841 (Rubiaceae)

Hevea is a genus of flowering plants in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. It is also one of many names used commercially for the wood of the most economically important rubber tree, H. brasiliensis.

Hevea was first described as a genus in 1775.[4][5][6] It is native to tropical South America but widely cultivated in other tropical countries and naturalized in several of them.[2][7]

Species[2]
  1. Hevea benthamiana Müll.Arg. - Venezuela, SE Colombia, N Brazil
  2. Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A.Juss.) Müll.Arg. – Pará Rubber Tree - Brazil, French Guiana, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia; naturalized in parts of Asia and Africa and on some tropical islands
  3. Hevea camporum Ducke - Amazonas State in Brazil
  4. Hevea guianensis Aubl. - Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Colombia, N Brazil
  5. Hevea microphylla Ule - Venezuela, Colombia, N Brazil
  6. Hevea nitida Mart. ex Müll.Arg. - Colombia, Amazonas State in Brazil
  7. Hevea pauciflora (Spruce ex Benth.) Müll.Arg. - Venezuela, Peru, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Colombia, N Brazil
  8. Hevea rigidifolia (Spruce ex Benth.) Müll.Arg. - Vaupés region of Colombia, Amazonas State in Brazil
  9. Hevea spruceana (Benth.) Müll.Arg. - Guyana, Amazonas State in Brazil

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1897 illustration from Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ "Hevea Aubl.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-03-31. Retrieved 2010-04-24. 
  4. ^ Aublet, Jean Baptiste Christophe Fusée. 1775. Histoire des Plantes de la Guiane Françoise 2: 871-873 description in Latin, commentary in French
  5. ^ Aublet, Jean Baptiste Christophe Fusée. 1775. Histoire des Plantes de la Guiane Françoise vol 4, plate 335 line drawing depicting H. peruviana, synonym of H. guianensis, accompanying original 1775 description of genus
  6. ^ Tropicos, Hevea Aubl.
  7. ^ Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Hevea at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Hevea at Wikispecies