High Sheriff of County Cork

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Not to be confused with Sheriff of Cork City.

The High Sheriff of County Cork was the Sovereign's judicial representative in County Cork. Initially an office for lifetime, assigned by the Sovereign, the High Sheriff became an annual appointment following the Provisions of Oxford in 1258.[1] Besides his judicial importance, the sheriff had ceremonial and administrative functions and executed High Court Writs.[2]

The first (High) Shrievalties were established before the Norman Conquest in 1066 and date back to Saxon times.[3] In 1908, an Order in Council made the Lord-Lieutenant the Sovereign's prime representative in a county and reduced the High Sheriff's precedence.[4] Despite however that the office retained his responsibilities for the preservation of law and order in a county.[2]

High Sheriffs of County Cork[edit]

  • 1319: John FitzSimon [5]
  • 1343 Nicholas de Barry [5]
  • 1344: David Barry, 5th Lord Barry[6]
  • 1355: John Lumbard[7]
  • 1358: John Lumbard[7]
  • 1377: John Warner [5]
  • 1386: Robert Thame [5]
  • 1401: John Barry, 7th Lord Barry[6]
  • 1403–1415: John Barry, 7th Lord Barry[6]
  • 1433: William Barry, 8th Lord Barry[6]
  • 1451: William Barry, 8th Lord Barry[6]
  • 1461: William Barry, 8th Lord Barry[6]
  • 1568-1570: Sir Richard Grenville
  • 1580: Cormack MacTeige

17th century[edit]

  • 1603: Sir Francis Kingsmill [5]
  • 1604: Sir Francis Kingsmill [5]
  • 1607: Sir Francis Kingsmill [5]
  • 1609: Edward Percy [5]
  • 1611: Sir Thomas Brown [5]
  • 1612–13: Piers Power [5]
  • 1613: Sir Thomas Southall [5]
  • 1614: William Booley [5]
  • 1616: Samuel Norton [5]
  • 1617: William Galwey[6]
  • 1620: Callaghan O'Callaghan [5]
  • 1621: Sir John Fitzgerald [5]
  • 1622: Sir Thomas Fitzgerald [5]
  • 1634: Edmond Fitzgerald [5]
  • 1636: Daniel McCarthy Reagh [5]
  • 1641: John Long of Mount Long
  • 1641: Francis Roche[6]
  • 1642: William Supple [5]
  • 1657: John Hodder of Bridgetown[7]
  • 1661: William Hodder of Coolmoor[7]
  • 1664: Redmond Barry [5]
  • 1665: Richard Aldworth[6]
  • 1669: John Wyddenham [5]
  • 1670: Arthur Hyde of Castle Hyde[8]
  • 1671-1672: Richard Townsend of Castle Townsend[9]
  • 1673: Phineas Bury[6]
  • 1673: William Thornhill [5]
  • 1674: Roger Osborne [5]
  • 1675: William Harmer, jnr [5]
  • 1676: Francis Bernard [5]
  • 1677: Sir Emanuel Moore, 1st Baronet [5]
  • 1677: Christopher Crofts[6]
  • 1678: Richard Hull [5]
  • 1679: Epinetus Cross [10]
  • 1680: John Folliott [5]
  • 1681: William Supple [5]
  • 1682: Richard Travers [5]
  • 1683: John Folliott [5]
  • 1684: Arthur Hide [5]
  • 1685: Arthur Hide [5]
  • 1686: Lawrence Clayton [5][11]
  • 1687: William Coppinger[6]
  • 1687–88: Sir Nicholas Browne, 4th Baronet of Bantry[6]
  • 1689: Pierce Nagle of Anakisha[7]
  • 1690: Robert Foulkes [5]
  • 1692: Boyle Aldworth[6]
  • 1693: Simon Dring[6]
  • 1693: John Folliott [5]
  • 1694: Percy Freke of Rathbarry (afterwards Castle Freke)[12]
  • 1695: John St Leger [5]
  • 1696: Digby Foulkes [5]
  • 1697: Arthur Bernard [5]
  • 1698: Thomas Hodder [5]

18th century[edit]

  • 1700: John Barry [5]
  • 1701: Laurence Clayton[11]
  • 1702: Francis Foulkes/Richard Cox [5]
  • 1703: Richard Cox/ William Supple [5]
  • 1704: John Browne [5]
  • 1705: William Supple [5]
  • 1706: Arthur Bernard [5]
  • 1707: John Silver [5]
  • 1708: Bartholemew Purdon [5]
  • 1709: Ralph Freke[12]
  • 1710: Arthur Hyde [5]
  • 1711: James Worth Tynte of Ballycrenane /Richard Cox [5]
  • 1712: George Crofts[6]
  • 1713: Richard Cox of Dunmanway [5]
  • 1714: Sir Matthew Deane, 3rd Baronet of Dromore[13]
  • 1715: Richard Croker [5]
  • 1716: Gersham Herrick [5]
  • 1717: Anthony Jephson [5]
  • 1718: William Maynard of Carriglass [5]
  • 1719: Edward Corker [5][14]
  • 1720: Randolph Clayton [5]
  • 1721: Redmond Barry of Rathcormack[9]
  • 1722: John Fitzgerald [5]
  • 1723: William Casaubon [15]
  • 1724: Richard Aldworth[6]
  • 1725: John Colthurst [5]
  • 1726: Richard Townsend[6]
  • 1727: Richard Cox of Dunmanway [5]
  • 1728: Hon. David John Barry of Mahona [5]
  • 1729: Roger Bernard [5]
  • 1730: Noblett Dunscombe [5]
  • 1731: Robert Bettesworth [5]
  • 1732: John Lysaght [5]
  • 1733: John Rogers of Ashgrove [5]
  • 1734: Redmond Barry of Ballyclough[9]
  • 1735: Anthony Jephson, jnr of Mallow [5]
  • 1736: Nicholas Colthurst[6]
  • 1737: Richard Newman [9]
  • 1738: John Colthurst, later Sir John Colthurst, 1st Baronet[6]
  • 1739: Richard Smyth of Ballynatray [9]
  • 1739: Thomas Evans of Miltown [5]
  • 1740: Anthony Jephson, jnr of Mallow [5]
  • 1741: Edward Herrick of Shippool [5]
  • 1742: Samuel Townshend [5]
  • 1743: Edmond Supple of Supplescourt [5]
  • 1744: Samuel Hutchinson of Bantry [5]
  • 1745: Boyle Aldworth [5]
  • 1746: Hugh Lumley of Ballymaloe [5]
  • 1747: James Colthurst[6]
  • 1748: William Jephson [16]
  • 1749: Samuel Daunt of Knocknasillagh[9]
  • 1749: Daniel Laurence [5]
  • 1750: James Lombard of Lombardstown[7]
  • 1751: Richard Uniacke of Mount Uniacke [5]
  • 1752: Sir Robert Warren, 1st Baronet of Kilbarry [5]
  • 1753: Richard Townsend of Castle Townsend[9]
  • 1754: John Lysaght of Mount North [5]
  • 1755: Philip Oliver [5]
  • 1756: Robert Rogers of Lota [5]
  • 1757: John Lysaght, jnr [5]
  • 1758: Richard Longfield of Castlemary[17]
  • 1759: William Warren of Hollyhill [5]
  • 1760: Abraham Morris of Hanoverhall [5]
  • 1761: Wallis Colthurst of Cork[6]
  • 1762: Abraham Devonsher of Kilshannick [5]
  • 1763: Walter Baldwin of Mount Pleasant[18]
  • 1764: Emanuel Moore of Maryboro [19]
  • 1765: Nicholas Dunscombe of Mount Desert [5]
  • 1766: Walter Aikin of Levingtown [5]
  • 1767: Roger Bernard of Palace-Anne [5]
  • 1768: Nicholas Lysaght of Carriglass[20]
  • 1769: Jonas Morris of Barley Hill [5]
  • 1770: Hon. John S Barry of Ann-Grove [5]
  • 1771: Benjamin Bousfield of Aghadown [5]
  • 1772: John Wallis of Westwood [5]
  • 1773: Sir Robert Tilson Deane, 6th Baronet of Dromore[21]
  • 1774: Massey Hutcheson [5]
  • 1775: Matthew Freeman, died and replaced by John Longfield of Longueville[7]
  • 1776: James Uniacke[22]
  • 1777: Henry Baldwin[6]
  • 1778: William Wrixon[20]
  • 1779: William Wrixon[20]
  • 1780: John Martin of Blackrock [9]
  • 1780: Hon. Hayes St Leger [5]
  • 1781: Sir James Laurence Cotter, 2nd Baronet of Rockforest[23]
  • 1782: Abraham Morris of Hanover Hall [24]
  • 1783: William Chetwynd of Cork [25]
  • 1784: Thomas Hungerford [26]
  • 1785: Richard Boyle Townsend of Castle Townsend [9]
  • 1786: Sir Broderick Chinnery, 1st Baronet of Flintfield[6]
  • 1787: William W. Newenham [5]
  • 1788: Sir Nicholas Colthurst, 3rd Baronet of Ardun[6]
  • 1789: George Dunscombe of Mount Desert [5]
  • 1790: Joseph Capel [5]
  • 1791: Arthur O'Connor [5]
  • 1792: Nicholas G Evans, jnr [5]
  • 1793: Kilner Brooke Brasier [9]
  • 1794: John Wallis
  • 1795: Robert Hedges
  • 1796: Augustus Louis Warren, later Sir Augustus Louis Carre Warren, 2nd Baronet[27]
  • 1797: Edward Deane-Freeman of Castle Cor [9]
  • 1798: Samuel Townsend of Whitehall[9]
  • 1799: Samuel Swete

19th century[edit]

  • 1800: Henry Puxley[28]
  • 1801: Robert M'Carthy [5]
  • 1802: Richard Thomas Orpen [9]
  • 1803: Robert William Delacour of Beare Forest [5]
  • 1804: William Wrixon Beecher[29]
  • 1805: John Travers[29]
  • 1806: John Anderson[29]
  • 1807: Richard Townsend[29]
  • 1808: John Hyde of Castle Hyde[8]
  • 1809: Justin McCarty[29]
  • 1810: Michael Gould Adams[29]
  • 1811: Joshua Deane-Freeman of Castle Cor[29]
  • 1812: Hon Hayes St Leger[30]
  • 1813: William Baldwin[30]
  • 1814: Henry Wallis of Drishane Castle [9][30]
  • 1815: John Michael Wrixon[30]
  • 1816: Savage French[30]
  • 1817: John Townsend[30]
  • 1818: Jemmett Browne[29]
  • 1819: Augustus Warren, later Sir Augustus Warren, 3rd Baronet[31]
  • 1820: Hon. William Smyth Bernard[30]
  • 1821: Henry Greene Barry of Ballyclough [9]
  • 1822: Wills George Crofts[29]
  • 1823: William H. W. Newenham[29]
  • 1824: Robert Uniacke FitzGerald, of Lisquinlan[32]
  • 1825: J. Smith Barry of Foaty [33]
  • 1826: George Courtenay of Dromadda [9]
  • 1827: Simon Dring of Rockgrove[6][34]
  • 1828: Michael Creagh, of Kilbrack, of Doneraile.[35]
  • 1829: John Longfield of Longueville[36]
  • 1830: Garrett Standish Barry of Leamlara[9]
  • 1830: Richard Townsend of Saros [5]
  • 1831: John Hyde, jnr of Castle Hyde [5]
  • 1832: Richard Oliver Aldworth of Newmarket Court [9]
  • 1833: Richard Longfield of Longueville[36] (son of John, HS 1829)
  • 1834: William Hare, 2nd Earl of Listowel[5]
  • 1835: Richard White, 2nd Earl of Bantry[5]
  • 1836: Hon. Robert Henry King of Mitchelstown Castle[6]
  • 1837: Sir George Goold, 2nd Baronet [5]
  • 1838: Richard White [5]
  • 1839: John Isaac Heard of Kinsale and Ballydaly[9]
  • 1840: John Capel Fitzgerald of Cloghroe, died and replaced by Horatio Townsend[6]
  • 1841: James Barry of Ballyclough[9]
  • 1842: Robert Delacour Beamish[9]
  • 1843: Hon. Arthur Grove-Annesley
  • 1844: Sir Edward Synge, 3rd Baronet of Kiltrough[6]
  • 1845: Hon. Hayes St. Leger of Doneraile House[37]
  • 1846: Edward Deane-Freeman
  • 1848: William Henry Hare Hedges-White, 3rd Earl of Bantry of Bantry House[6]
  • 1849: Viscount Kilworth, of Moore Park, Kilworth[38]
  • 1850: Sir George Conway Colthurst, 5th Baronet of Ardum Inniscarra[6][39]
  • 1851: Sir James Charles Chatterton, 3rd Baronet[6]
  • 1852: John Courteney of Bally Edmond and Barrymagooly[9]
  • 1854: John McCarthy O'Leary[40]
  • 1855: Mountifort Longfield of Castle Mary[7]
  • 1856: Alexander M'Carthy of Currymount, Buttevant [41]
  • 1857: John Wallis
  • 1858: Thomas St John Grant of Kilmurry, Kilworth[42]
  • 1859:
  • 1860: Nicholas Dunscombe of Mount Desert, Cork[43]
  • 1861: William Johnson of Vosterburg[7]
  • 1862: Simon Dring[6]
  • 1863: Thomas Somerville of Drishane[44]
  • 1864: James Morrogh[45]
  • 1865: Henry Lavallin Puxley of Dunboy Castle[9]
  • 1867: Sir Augustus Riversdale Warren, 5th Baronet[27]
  • 1867: Sir John Wrixon-Becher[46]
  • 1868: Richard Wallis Goold-Adams[6]
  • 1869: Richard William Aldworth of Newmarket Court[9]
  • 1870: Robert Heard of Kinsale and Pallastown[47]
  • 1871: Edmund Anderson Shuldham of Dunmanway [9]
  • 1873: Edward FitzEdmund Burke Roche, 2nd Baron Fermoy[6]
  • 1874: John Adam Richard Newman of Dromore House [9]
  • 1875: James Francis Bernard, 4th Earl of Bandon[6]
  • 1880: John Harold-Barry of Ballyvonare[9]
  • 1882: Sir James Laurence Cotter, 4th Baronet[23]
  • 1883: Stephen Grehan[48]
  • 1884: Sir George St John Colthurst, 6th Baronet[49]
  • 1885: Phineas Bury[6]
  • 1886: Arthur Smith-Barry, 1st Baron Barrymore[6]
  • 1887: Richard Edmund Longfield of Longueville[7]
  • 1888: Thomas Henry Somerville of Drishane [9]
  • 1889: Henry Winthrop O'Donovan, The O'Donovan[6]
  • 1891: Joseph Pike of Besborough [9]
  • 1892: Morgan William O'Donovan, The O'Donovan[6]
  • 1893: Richard Nason Woodley of Leades House [9]
  • 1894: Reginald Bence-Jones of Lisselen[7]
  • 1898: John Pretyman Newman of Newberry Manor and Kilshannig House [9]
  • 1899: William Henry John Moore-Hodder of Hoddersfield[7]

20th century[edit]

  • 1900: William de Wilton Roche of Aghada Hall[9]
  • 1901: Robert Massey Dawson Sanders[50]
  • 1902: William Johnson of Rockenham[8]
  • 1903: Edward Egerton Leigh-White of Bantry House [9]
  • 1904: Anthony Hickman Morgan[51]
  • 1905:
  • 1906: Mountifort Longfield of Timoleague[7]
  • 1907: William Cooke-Collis[6]
  • 1908: William Nicholas Leader of Rosnalee and Dromagh Castle[52]
  • 1909: Lt-Col Mountifort John Courteney Longfield of Castle Mary[7]
  • 1910: James Robert Bury-Barry of Ballyclough [9]
  • 1911: Robert Frederick Wilkinson of Carrokeal, Mallow [53]
  • 1912: John Charles Oliver Aldworth of Newmarket Court [54]
  • 1913: William Tower Townshend of Myross Wood, Leap [55]
  • 1914: Sir James Laurence Cotter, 5th Bt., formerly of Rockforest[56]
  • 1915:
  • 1919: Arthur Chaloner Goold-Adams[6]
  • 1920: Henry Green Barry [57]
  • 1921: Matthew Henry Franks of Montrath, Queen's County [58]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John David Griffith Davies and Frederick Robert Worts (1928). England in the Middle Ages: Its Problems and Legacies. A. A. Knopf. p. 119. 
  2. ^ a b Alexander, George Glover (1915). The Administration of Justice in Criminal Matters (in England and Wales). The University Press. p. 89. 
  3. ^ Morris, William Alfred (1968). The Medieval English Sheriff to 1300. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 73. ISBN 0-7190-0342-3. 
  4. ^ Millward, Paul (2007). Civic Ceremonial: A Handbook, History and Guide for Mayors, Councillors and Officers. Shaw. p. 163. ISBN 0-7219-0164-6. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc "High Sheriffs of the County of Cork". Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap "The Peerage". Retrieved 6 May 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n A genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry of Ireland
  8. ^ a b c A genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry of Ireland by Sir Bernard Burke
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah A genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry of Ireland, 1912, Bernard Burke
  10. ^ O'Laughlin, Michael. Families of County Cork, Ireland, Volume 4. p. 59. 
  11. ^ a b O'Laughlin, Michael. Families of County Cork, Ireland, Volume 4. p. 48. 
  12. ^ a b Complete Baronetage
  13. ^ Complete Baronetage, p.351
  14. ^ O'Laughlin, Michael. Families of County Cork, Ireland, Volume 4. p. 54. 
  15. ^ O'Laughlin, Michael. Families of County Cork, Ireland, Volume 4. p. 46. 
  16. ^ O'Laughlin, Michael. Families of County Cork, Ireland, Volume 4. p. 195. 
  17. ^ Burke, Bernard. A genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 2. p. 811.  Google Books
  18. ^ "Radleys of Cork". Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  19. ^ "High Sheriffs 1764". Freeman Journal. 7 February 1764. Retrieved 6 May 2011. 
  20. ^ a b c "The BECHER and WRIXON families of North Cork, Ireland". Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  21. ^ Complete Baronetage, p.342
  22. ^ Journal of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society. 
  23. ^ a b Complete Baronetage, p.372
  24. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12273. p. 1. 23 February 1782. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  25. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12422. p. 3. 11 March 1783. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  26. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12525. p. 3. 6 March 1784. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  27. ^ a b Complete Baronetage, p.412
  28. ^ "Cork Continuing Unrest". Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Papers by Command-Great Britain, Parliament, House of Commons-Volume 16
  30. ^ a b c d e f g Reports from Commissioners Volume 4 (Ireland). 1824. 
  31. ^ Complete Baronetage, p.413
  32. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1824". The Connaught Journal. 1 March 1824. Retrieved 10 May 2011. 
  33. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1825". The Connaught Journal. 7 February 1825. Retrieved 9 July 2009. 
  34. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1827". The Kilkenny Independent. 24 February 1827. Retrieved 9 July 2009. 
  35. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1828". The Newry Commercial Telegraph. 11 March 1828. Retrieved 9 July 2009. 
  36. ^ a b A genealogical and heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain
  37. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1845". The Armagh Guardian. 4 February 1845. Retrieved 9 July 2009. 
  38. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1849". The Anglo-Celt. 26 January 1849. Retrieved 9 July 2009. 
  39. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1850". Ballina Chronicle. 2 January 1850. Retrieved 9 July 2009. 
  40. ^ Burke, Bernard. A genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 2. p. 1018.  Google Books
  41. ^ "The Cork Examiner, 28 January 1856 HIGH SHERIFFS FOR 1856". The Cork Examiner. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  42. ^ The Edinburgh Gazette: no. 6775. p. 180. 29 January 1858. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  43. ^ The Edinburgh Gazette: no. 6982. p. 88. 24 January 1860. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  44. ^ The Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal: The Mortimer-Percy. p. 366.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  45. ^ "HISTORICAL AND TOPOGRAPHICAL NOTEs". p. 145. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  46. ^ "Contemporary Biographies". Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  47. ^ of Ruvigny, Marquis. The Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal: The Mortimer-Percy Volume. p. 364. 
  48. ^ The Catholic Who's Who
  49. ^ Complete Baronetage, p.355
  50. ^ [1]
  51. ^ Walford, Edward. The county families of the United Kingdom;.  ebooksread
  52. ^ Walford, Edward. The county families of the United Kingdom; or, Royal manual of the titled and untitled aristocracy of England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland.  Google Books
  53. ^ Kelly's Handbook to the Titled,Landed and Official Classes. 1916. 
  54. ^ Walford, Edward (1919). The county families of the United Kingdom. 
  55. ^ Kelly's Handbook to the Titled,Landed and Official Classes. 1916. 
  56. ^ Edward Walford, The county families of the United Kingdom
  57. ^ "Cork City and County Archives". Cork City. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  58. ^ "County Establishment". Retrieved 26 November 2013.