|Elevation||45 m (148 ft)|
|• Official||Magahi, Hindi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Nalanda (29)|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Hilsa(175)|
|Distance from Delhi||1,042 kilometres (647 mi)|
|Distance from Patna||45 kilometres (28 mi)|
|Distance from Kolkata||550 kilometres (340 mi)|
Hilsa is a sub-division of the Nalanda district in the Indian state of Bihar well known as a centre of Buddhist knowledge. Located approximately 24 kilometres (15 mi) south-east of the state capital Patna, the area was an important hub during the Indian independence movement and produced many freedom fighters.
Hilsa is located at  and has an average elevation of 45 metres (148 ft).
|This section may be confusing or unclear to readers. (May 2011)|
Legends say that during the ancient times of Mahabharat Kaal, when Krishna with his brother Balarama arrived in this area during the Journey.[clarification needed] Krishna felt thirsty whereupon Balarama dug into the ground looking for a source of water. That location of this well came to be known as "Pakki Taalab" i.e. it is situated at nearby Kaali Asthan. Illegal construction has now encroached on "Pakki Taalab". This pond had plenty of water hence the name Haldharpur (Hilsa). A Temple of lord shiva is underconstruction,in bihar road. the work is going on from last 2 years.Slowly this temple is attracting many peoples from the region.
As of the 2001 Indian census, Hilsa had a population of 42,775. The sex ratio was 851 females per 1000 males. Hilsa has an average literacy of 59.5% with male literacy at 66 per cent, and that for females at 46%. In Hilsa, 17% of the population is under six years of age.
S U College, Patel College,
Ram Babu High school
- Hindu women celebrate Tij, Jitiya, Chhath,Holi,Makarsankranti etc. with great religious fervor.
- Important Hindu festivals celebrated here are Durga Puja, Diwali, Chhath, Basant Panchami, Shivratri, Holi, Ramnavami and Janmashtami.
Chhath is the most sacred festival in the region. Its importance lies in its defiance of all religious barriers. There is an old mosque in the localility which is said to have been built by a Mughal Emperor.
Hilsa is located on the branch line connecting Fatuha and Tilaiya via Islampur. The town is served by a direct daily superfast train to New Delhi (Magadh Express). There are also numerous passenger connections to the state capital of Patna, which is well-connected with the rest of India. The Bakhtiyarpur-Rajgir-Tilaiya branch line is connected with this route at Bihar Sharif and Natesar.
The nearest airport is Patna Airport 45 kilometres (28 mi) from Hilsa from where domestic flights to major Indian cities are available. It is categorized as a restricted international airport, with customs facilities to receive international chartered flights.
- "Sub_Districts_Master". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Hilsa