Hollinwood, Greater Manchester
A view towards St Margaret's church, from the A62 road
Hollinwood shown within Greater Manchester
|Population||9,909 (2001 Census)|
|– density||10,145 mile² (3,917 km²)|
|OS grid reference|
|– London||163 mi (262 km) SSE|
|Metropolitan county||Greater Manchester|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
|UK Parliament||Oldham West and Royton|
Bisected by the A62 road, Hollinwood is located in the southwest of Oldham, contiguous with the towns of Chadderton and Failsworth, at Junction 22 of the M60 motorway. In 2001 its resident population was 9,909.
Historically a part of Lancashire, Hollinwood was formerly a village within the township of Chadderton, but a 1713 court settlement stipulated that Hollinwood should be within Oldham, with the exception of 20 acres (8.1 ha) retained by Chadderton.
Hollinwood in pre-industrial times was a moor or common. James Butterworth (1826) described it as being of 66.5 Cheshire acres (= approx 140 statute acres). It was enclosed by the Oldham Enclosure Acts (42 and 43 George III; May 1802). Hollinwood's mills such as the Heron, Fox, Asia, Wharf, Richmond and Park were later built on what had been the Hollinwood Common. The Chapel Road playing fields is one of the few open spaces remaining in the district. The pitches occupy the site of a former reservoir serving a now defunct stretch of the Hollinwood Branch Canal.
Long existing as an industrial district, Hollinwood is today home to the Northern Counties Housing Association, and Mirror Colour Print Ltd; the printing division of the Trinity Mirror group, which prints and distributes thirty-six major newspapers, and employs five hundred staff.
The area was initially largely occupied by workers in Oldham's cotton mills and miners at the large collieries at Oak and Bower, and several smaller ones. Much of Hollinwood's more recent growth was due to the Ferranti factory which produced power transformers in its heyday. Later the factory produced container lifting trucks as the building had the height to do so. The transformer works building, built after the war on the old Bower site, is now used as a newspaper printing plant. A neighbouring, much older, Ferranti factory produced electricity meters. The meter factory was sold to Siemens in the 1980s and became known as FML; Siemens later closed the FML factory.
Hollinwood was home to the Roxy Cinema which was popular for both the local and wider community. However, the cinema closed in 2005 after the owner retired, and the building was demolished between February and March 2007. In total there used to be five cinemas in Hollinwood: La Scala; Gem; Queens; Regal and Roxy.
Hollinwood was once a chapelry of the ecclesiastical parish of Prestwich-cum-Oldham, in the Hundred of Salford. The Parish Church, St. Margret of Antioch is still under the patronage of the Rector of Prestwich, though this position is currently suspended.
Hollinwood is part of the parliamentary constituency of Oldham West and Royton.
Hollinwood is included in the 5% most economically deprived wards in the United Kingdom.
The Hollinwood Branch Canal used to pass through the district. The last vestiges of the canal in Hollinwood were destroyed by the works for the M60 motorway. Those parts of the branch canal which still exist are not in Hollinwood.
Hollinwood was changed substantially by the M60 motorway (completed in 2000) which passes to the south of Manchester. More construction is occurring recently with the building of the Byron Apartment Block and the planned building of several private 2/3/4 bedroom houses in the area.
The area is served by Hollinwood Metrolink station on the Manchester Metrolink line between East Didsbury and Rochdale. Services generally run every 12 minutes in each direction during the day. The area was previously served by Hollinwood railway station, which was part of the Oldham Loop Line. However, the line closed in October 2009 and the converted line reopened in June 2012.
There are frequent buses running through Hollinwood between Manchester city centre and Oldham on First Greater Manchester's 83 overground service. There is also a frequent services running towards Manchester city centre with services 180 and 184 and to Huddersfield/Saddleworth via Oldham. These were once Limited Stop (Express) services but lost this status in 2004. Other destinations which can be reached from Hollinwood on the bus are Ashton-under-Lyne, Chadderton, Huddersfield and Saddleworth.
Hannah Beswick ( – 1785), from Birchin Bower in Hollinwood, had a pathological fear of premature burial. Her fear was such that her will specified her body be kept aboveground, and that once a year, in the presence of two witnesses, the veil was to be lifted from her face, to look for signs of life. This eccentric will made Beswick a celebrity, and her mummified body was donated to the Manchester Museum and put on public display in the entrance hall, with the soubriquet Manchester Mummy.
- Greater Manchester Gazetteer, Greater Manchester County Record Office, Places names – G to H, archived from the original on 18 July 2011, retrieved 17 June 2008
- Hollinwood, 2001 United Kingdom Census, neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Accessed 29 March 2007.
- Northern Counties Housing Association Limited, housingcorp.gov.uk, accessed 28 March 2007.
- Oldham's Economic Profile – Printing & Publishing, oldham.gov.uk. Accessed 19 March 2007.
- The Ritchie Report; Oldhamir.org.uk, 11 December 2001, accessed 18 September 2006.
- Sykes, Lee (8 March 2007), "The golden boy town forgot", Oldham Advertiser (M.E.N. Media), retrieved 26 August 2008
|New Moston||Failsworth||Daisy Nook|