Honeydew (melon)

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Honeydew Melon
Honeydew.jpg
Species Cucumis melo
Cultivar group Inodorus Group
Origin France
Melons, honeydew, raw
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 150 kJ (36 kcal)
9.09 g
Sugars 8.12 g
Dietary fiber 0.8 g
0.14 g
0.54 g
Vitamins
Thiamine (B1)
(3%)
0.038 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
(1%)
0.012 mg
Niacin (B3)
(3%)
0.418 mg
(3%)
0.155 mg
Vitamin B6
(7%)
0.088 mg
Folate (B9)
(5%)
19 μg
Vitamin C
(22%)
18 mg
Vitamin K
(3%)
2.9 μg
Trace metals
Calcium
(1%)
6 mg
Iron
(1%)
0.17 mg
Magnesium
(3%)
10 mg
Manganese
(1%)
0.027 mg
Phosphorus
(2%)
11 mg
Potassium
(5%)
228 mg
Sodium
(1%)
18 mg
Zinc
(1%)
0.09 mg

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Honeydew is a cultivar group of the muskmelon, Cucumis melo Inodorus group, which includes crenshaw, casaba, Persian, winter, and other mixed melons.

Characteristics[edit]

A honeydew has a round to slightly oval shape, typically 15–22 cm (5.9–8.7 in) long. It generally ranges in weight from 1.8 to 3.6 kg (4.0 to 7.9 lb). The flesh is usually pale green in color, while the smooth peel ranges from greenish to yellow. Like most fruit, honeydew has seeds. Honeydew's thick, juicy, sweet flesh is often eaten for dessert, and is commonly found in supermarkets across the world. This fruit grows best in semiarid climates and is harvested based on maturity, not size. Maturity can be hard to judge, but is based upon ground color ranging from greenish white (immature) to creamy yellow (mature).[1] Quality is also determined by the honeydew having a nearly spherical shape with a surface free of scars or defects. Also, a honeydew should feel heavy for its size and have a waxy (not fuzzy) surface.

In California, the honeydew is in season from August until October.[2]

Origin and alternate names[edit]

The leaf of a honeydew

"Honeydew" is in fact the American name for the White Antibes cultivar which has been grown for many years in southern France and Algeria.[3][4]

In China, honeydews are known as the Bailan melon; they are a locally famous product near Lanzhou, the capital city of Gansu province in China's northwest.

According to Chinese sources, the melons were introduced to China by a Mr. Wallace, who donated melon seeds to the locals while visiting in the 1940s (probably 1944).[5] Henry A. Wallace, Vice President of the United States under Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and the former U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, had founded a major seed company (Pioneer Hi-Bred) and otherwise had a general background and interest in agricultural pursuits. As a result, in China the melon is sometimes called the Wallace (Chinese: 华莱士; pinyin: Hualaishi).[6]

See also[edit]

  • Winter melon - The winter melon variety of honeydew melon should not be confused with the winter melon, a gourd originating in Southeast Asia that is used in Indian and Chinese cuisine.
  • Piel de Sapo

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Good Eats video with Alton Brown, "Melondrama". At 4:00 into the video, the method of choosing a melon is stated.
  2. ^ Honeydews
  3. ^ http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/MV093 Report by a University of Florida horticulturist alluding to the melon's origins.
  4. ^ http://food.oregonstate.edu/faq/janfaq/honeydew3.html Thorough and carefully sourced report on the melon's French heritage.
  5. ^ http://www.hudong.com/wiki/%E7%99%BD%E5%85%B0%E7%93%9C This simplified Chinese page discusses how the seeds were brought to China, the connection to Wallace, dates, etc.[unreliable source?]
  6. ^ 白兰瓜, hudong wiki