Hong Kong legislative election, 1991

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hong Kong legislative election, 1991

1988 ←
members
12 & 15 September 1991
members elected
→ 1995
members

39 (of 60) seats to the Legislative Council
  First party Second party
  Martin-lee-campaign2004.JPG Blanksvg.svg
Leader Martin Lee Hu Fa-kuang
Party United Democrats LDF
Alliance Pro-democracy N/A
Leader's seat Island East N/A
Last election new new
Seats won 14
(12 GCs + 2 FCs)
3
(3 FCs)
Popular vote 618,209 34,458
Percentage 45.15% 2.52%

LegCoElection1991.svg

Elected candidates by each geographical constituency

– United Democrats – Meeting Point – ADPL – FSHK – Independent

The 1991 Hong Kong legislative election for members of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong (LegCo); the election of the members of functional constituencies was held on 12 September 1991 and the election of geographical constituency seats was held on 15 September. It was the first ever direct election of the legislative council in Hong Kong history. There were 18 members from directly elected geographical constituencies, 21 members from functional constituencies, 17 members appointed by the Governor, and 3 official members.

A coalition of the United Democrats and the Meeting Point, together with other smaller parties, groups and independents in the pro-democracy camp had a landslide victory, getting 16 of the 18 geographical constituency seats.

Dual-seat constituency dual vote system was used with two seats to be filled in each constituency. The voting system helped the pro-democracy coalition win with landslide success and faced criticisms. In the end, the government prescribed simple plurality in the next election.

Overview of outcome[edit]

e • d Overall Summary of the 12 & 15 September 1991 Legislative Council of Hong Kong election results
Political Affiliation Geographical constituencies Functional
constituencies
Seats gained
Total seats gained
Candidates Seats Votes % of votes
United Democrats of Hong Kong 14 12 618,209 45.15 2 14
Meeting Point 3 2 98,588 7.20 2
Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood 3 1 60,770 4.44 1
Hong Kong Democratic Foundation 1 0 19,806 1.45 2 2
Independents and others 3 1 91,356 6.67 1
Total for Liberals 24
(44.44%)
16
(88.89%)
888,729 64.91
(77.21)
4
(19.05%)
20
(33.33%)
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions 1 0 44,894 3.28 1 1
Hong Kong Citizen Forum 1 0 29,902 2.18 0
Kwun Tong Man Chung Friendship Promotion Association 1 0 21,225 1.55 0
New Hong Kong Alliance 2 0 11,934 0.87 1 1
Independents and others 1 0 29,413 2.15 0
Total for pro-China 6
(11.11%)
0
(0.00%)
137,368 10.03
(11.93)
2
(9.52%)
2
(3.33%)
Liberal Democratic Federation of Hong Kong 4 0 34,458 2.52 3 3
Business and Professionals Federation of Hong Kong 2 2
Independents and others 4 1 90,499 6.61 3 4
Total for Conservatives 8
(14.81%)
1
(5.56%)
124,957 9.13
(10.86)
8
(38.10%)
9
(15.00%)
Hong Kong Civic Association 2 0 35,616 2.60 0
Progressive Hong Kong Society 1 0 30,095 2.20 0
Reform Club of Hong Kong 1 0 8,257 0.60 0
Hong Kong and Kowloon Trades Union Council 1 0 3,393 0.25 1 1
Independents and others 11 1 140,898 10.29 6 7
Total (turnout 39.15%) 54 18 1,369,313 99.97 21 39

Note: There were also 18 members appointed by the Governor and 3 Ex-Officio members.

References[edit]