Hong Kong legislative election, 1991
|Elected candidates by each geographical constituency
■ – United Democrats ■ – Meeting Point ■ – ADPL ■ – FSHK ■ – Independent
The 1991 Hong Kong legislative election for members of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong (LegCo); the election of the members of functional constituencies was held on 12 September 1991 and the election of geographical constituency seats was held on 15 September. It was the first ever direct election of the legislative council in Hong Kong history. There were 18 members from directly elected geographical constituencies, 21 members from functional constituencies, 17 members appointed by the Governor, and 3 official members.
A coalition of the United Democrats and the Meeting Point, together with other smaller parties, groups and independents in the pro-democracy camp had a landslide victory, getting 16 of the 18 geographical constituency seats.
Dual-seat constituency dual vote system was used with two seats to be filled in each constituency. The voting system helped the pro-democracy coalition win with landslide success and faced criticisms. In the end, the government prescribed simple plurality in the next election.
Overview of outcome
|Political Affiliation||Geographical constituencies||Functional
|Total seats gained|
|Candidates||Seats||Votes||% of votes|
|United Democrats of Hong Kong||14||12||618,209||45.15||2||14|
|Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood||3||1||60,770||4.44||−||1|
|Hong Kong Democratic Foundation||1||0||19,806||1.45||2||2|
|Independents and others||3||1||91,356||6.67||−||1|
|Total for Liberals||24
|Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions||1||0||44,894||3.28||1||1|
|Hong Kong Citizen Forum||1||0||29,902||2.18||−||0|
|Kwun Tong Man Chung Friendship Promotion Association||1||0||21,225||1.55||−||0|
|New Hong Kong Alliance||2||0||11,934||0.87||1||1|
|Independents and others||1||0||29,413||2.15||−||0|
|Total for pro-China||6
|Liberal Democratic Federation of Hong Kong||4||0||34,458||2.52||3||3|
|Business and Professionals Federation of Hong Kong||−||−||−||−||2||2|
|Independents and others||4||1||90,499||6.61||3||4|
|Total for Conservatives||8
|Hong Kong Civic Association||2||0||35,616||2.60||−||0|
|Progressive Hong Kong Society||1||0||30,095||2.20||−||0|
|Reform Club of Hong Kong||1||0||8,257||0.60||−||0|
|Hong Kong and Kowloon Trades Union Council||1||0||3,393||0.25||1||1|
|Independents and others||11||1||140,898||10.29||6||7|
|Total (turnout 39.15%)||54||18||1,369,313||99.97||21||39|
Note: There were also 18 members appointed by the Governor and 3 Ex-Officio members.
- An Overview of the Hong Kong Legislative Council Elections of 1991 The Asian Journal of Public Administration Vol. 13 No. 2 (1991 Dec).