Honorary Order of the Yellow Star

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Honorary Order of the Yellow Star
Ere-Orde van de Gele Ster
Ere-orde van de Gele Ster2.jpg
Star of the order
Awarded by Flag of Suriname.svg Republic of Suriname
Type Order with five classes and two medals
Motto JUSTITIA PIETAS FIDES (Justice Piety Fidelity).
Eligibility Surinamese nationals or some distinguished foreign persons
Awarded for Those who made important contributions to the Surinamese state or society
Status Currently constituted
Grand Master HE Dési Bouterse
Grades (w/ post-nominals) Grand Cross
Grand Officer
Commander
Officer
Knight
Established 1975
Precedence
Next (higher) None (highest)
Next (lower) Honorary Order of the Palm
Honorary Order of the Yellow Star (Suriname) - ribbon bar.gif
Ribbon bar of the order
Honorary Order of the Yellow Star and Honorary Medals in Gold and Silver

The Honorary Order of the Yellow Star (Dutch: Ere-Orde van de Gele Ster) is the highest state decoration of the Republic of Suriname. The Order was instituted in 1975 at the independence of Suriname and replaced the Dutch Order of the Netherlands Lion. It is awarded to individuals for their meritorious service to the Surinamese people or nation. The order is also eligible for foreigners. The president of Suriname is the Grand Master of the order.

Classes[edit]

The Honorary Order of the Yellow Star is issued in five classes, plus two medals:

  • Grand Cordon (Grootlint), who wears the badge on a sash on the right shoulder, plus the star on the left side of the chest;
  • Grand Officer (Grootofficier), who wears a badge on a necklet, plus a star on the left side of the chest;
  • Commander (Commandeur), who wears the badge on a necklet;
  • Officer (Officier), who wears the badge on a ribbon with rosette on the left side of the chest;
  • Knight (Ridder), who wears the badge on a ribbon on the left side of the chest.
  • Honorary Medals in Gold and Silver on a ribbon on the left chest

The president of Suriname as Grand Master wears the collar of the order.

Insignia[edit]

The Collar of the Order is in gold, with alternating the "Sen" (S-shaped monogram) and gold stars as facets, connected with small chains. The whole chain rests on a folded Ribbon of the order that culminates in two bows. The bows are worn on the shoulders.

The Badge of the order exists of a gold gilt five-pointed star each topped with a small ball, and gold gilt rays between the arms, resulting in a badge with the shape of a pentagon. The central disk shows the yellow star of the Flag and Coat of arms of Suriname on white enamel, surrounded by a black enamel and gold edged ring displaying the motto in yellow (also from the Surinamese Coat of arms): JUSTITIA - PIETAS - FIDES ("Justice - Piety - Fidelity").

The Star of the Order is an eight-pointed gold gilt star with straight rays. The central disc is the same as that of the badge.

The Medal is round, with a gold and silver version. It shows the five-pointed star and a surrounding circlet with the motto of the order.

The Ribbon of the order is red with white stripes at the edges.

Controversy[edit]

After his inauguration in 2010, the Surinamese president Dési Bouterse immediately honoured all nine still living conspirators, who together with Bouterse were involved in the 1980 Surinamese coup d'état, with the Grand Cordon of the Honorary Order of the Yellow Star. This led internationally to great controversy, since all nine are accused of involvement in the December murders in 1982, when thirteen civilians and two military officials were murdered because they opposed the military rule in Suriname.[1]

Selected recipients[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bouterse eert plegers staatsgreep 1980 - website of the newspaper BN De stem
  2. ^ Carrington krijgt hoogste onderscheiding republiek Suriname - website Starnieuws.com
  3. ^ Lintje voor Clarence Seedorf - website shownu.nl