Howard Unwin Moffat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Honourable
Howard Moffat
2nd Premier of Southern Rhodesia
In office
2 September 1927 – 5 July 1933
Monarch George V
Preceded by Charles Coghlan
Succeeded by George Mitchell
Personal details
Born 13 January 1869
Bechuanaland Protectorate
Died 19 January 1951(1951-01-19) (aged 82)
Political party Rhodesian Party

Howard Unwin Moffat (13 January 1869 – 19 January 1951) served as second premier of Southern Rhodesia, from 1927 to 1933. Born in the Kuruman mission station in Bechuanaland (now in Northern Cape), Moffat was the son of the missionary John Smith Moffat and grandson of the missionary Robert Moffat, who was the friend of King Mzilikazi and the father-in-law of David Livingstone. After service in the Bechuanaland Border Police, Moffat moved to Bulawayo and served in the 1893 Matabele War and the Anglo-Boer War. He was elected to the Legislative Council in 1923 as member for Victoria and served as minister for mines & works under Charles Coghlan. He succeeded as premier after Coghlan's death in 1927 (his title was later changed to Prime Minister).

Moffat was viewed as a conservative, who believed that Rhodesia would eventually join the Union of South Africa. He oversaw the purchase, for £2 million, of the British South Africa Company's remaining mineral rights in Southern Rhodesia. His government passed the 1930 Land Apportionment Act, which defined the pattern of land allocation and ownership and is viewed as being one of the ultimate causes of the land disputes during land reform in Zimbabwe from 2000. He resigned in 1933 and was succeeded by George Mitchell; in the 1933 general election he lost his seat.

In the 1939 general election Moffat attempted to restart the Rhodesia Party but this met with failure.

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bridger, P., House, M., and others, 1973. Encyclopaedia Rhodesia, College Press, Salisbury, Rhodesia.
  • Mungazi, Dickson A. (1998). The Last Defenders of the Laager; Ian D. Smith and F. W. de Klerk. Greenwood Publishing Group. 
  • Mungazi, Dickson A. (1999). The Last British Liberals in Africa: Michael Blundell and Garfield Todd. Greenwood Publishing Group. 
  • Rey, Sir Charles (1988). Monarch of All I Survey. Botswana: James Currey Publishers. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Charles Coghlan
Premier of Southern Rhodesia
1927–1933
Succeeded by
George Mitchell
(Prime Minister)