Hungarian parliamentary election, 1990

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Results of SMCs
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Parliamentary elections were held in Hungary on 24 March 1990, with a second round of voting taking place in all but five single member constituencies on 8 April.[1][2] They were the first free elections to be held in the country since 1945. The conservative, nationalist Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF) beat the liberal and more internationalist Alliance of Free Democrats, which had spearheaded opposition to Communist rule in 1989, to become the largest party in parliament. The Hungarian Socialist Party, the former Communist party, suffered a crushing defeat, winning only 33 seats for fourth place.

MDF leader József Antall became prime minister in coalition with the Christian Democratic People's Party and Independent Smallholders' Party.

Electoral system[edit]

Of the 386 seats in the National Assembly, 176 were elected from single member constituencies, 120 from multi-member constituencies and a further 90 from "compensatory" national seats.[3]

Results[edit]

Party SMCs MMCs National
seats
Total
seats
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Hungarian Democratic Forum 1,186,791 23.9 114 1,213,820 24.7 40 10 164
Alliance of Free Democrats 1,082,965 21.8 35 1,050,440 21.4 34 23 92
Independent Smallholders' Party 529,299 10.7 11 576,256 11.7 16 17 44
Hungarian Socialist Party 504,995 10.2 1 534,897 10.9 14 18 33
Christian Democratic People's Party 287,614 5.8 3 317,183 6.5 8 10 21
Fidesz 235,611 4.8 1 439,448 9.0 8 12 21
Patriotic Electoral Coalition (HVK) 157,798 3.2 0 91,910 1.9 0 0 0
Agrarian Alliance 139,240 2.8 2 154,003 3.1 0 0 2
Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party 131,444 2.7 0 180,899 3.7 0 0 0
Hungarian Social Democratic Party 104,010 2.1 0 174,409 3.6 0 0 0
Entrepreneurs' Party 82,518 1.7 0 92,684 1.9 0 0 0
Hungarian People's Party 38,647 0.8 0 37,047 0.8 0 0 0
SZDSZ-Fidesz 23,702 0.5 2 0 2
Green Party of Hungary 19,434 0.4 0 17,951 0.4 0 0 0
ASZ-SZFV 12,958 0.3 0 0 0
ASZ-HVK 12,926 0.3 0 0 0
National Smallholders' and Civic Party 12,366 0.3 0 9,944 0.2 0 0 0
Independent Social Democratic Party 7,564 0.2 0 0 0
KDNP-Fidesz-SZDSZ 6,473 0.1 1 0 1
Somorgy County Christian Coalition 5,029 0.1 0 5,966 0.1 0 0 0
Hungarian Cooperative and Agrarian Party 5,882 0.1 0 4,945 0.1 0 0 0
TEDISZ-FEDISZ 3,759 0.1 0 0 0
Independent Hungarian Democratic Party 4,640 0.1 0 2,954 0.1 0 0 0
Freedom Party 4,342 0.1 0 2,814 0.1 0 0 0
MSZP-ASZ 2,255 0.1 0 0 0
Hungarian Independence Party 2,129 0.0 0 2,143 0.0 0 0 0
Alliance for the Village and Countryside 3,092 0.1 0 0 0
Holy Crown Society 1,906 0.0 0 0 0
Party of Generations, Party of Pensioners and Families 1,762 0.0 0 0 0
MSZP-HVK 1,589 0.0 0 0 0
Alliance for the Protection of Nature and Society 1,284 0.0 0 0 0
Hungarian Workers' Democratic Center Party 973 0.0 0 0
Party for Rural Hungary 690 0.0 0 0 0
Social Democratic Party of Hungarian Gypsies 613 0.0 0 0 0
People of the Orient Party-Christian Democrats 346 0.0 0 0 0
Independents 342,674 6.9 6 6
Invalid/blank votes 96,109 172,136
Total 5,055,429 100 176 5,081,849 100 120 90 386
Registered voters/turnout 7,798,827 65.0 7,822,661 65.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p899 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p924
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p935

External links[edit]