Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party
|Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party
Független Kisgazda, Földmunkás és Polgári Párt
|Founded||1908, 1988 (refoundation)|
|Headquarters||1092. Budapest, Kinizsi u. 22.|
|Ideology||National conservatism, Nationalism, Agrarianism|
|European Parliament group||None|
|Politics of Hungary
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013)|
The Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party (Hungarian: Független Kisgazda, Földmunkás és Polgári Párt) is a political party in Hungary. At Hungary's most recent legislative elections (2010), the party won no seats.
Founded in 1908, the original party won an overwhelming majority in the first elections after the Second World War, resulting in its leader, Zoltán Tildy, becoming prime minister. In the relatively free elections in November 1945, the Smallholders' polled 57% of votes against the Communists' 17%. The Communist response was to intensify terror and to sponsor the coalition of "democratic" parties against the "reactionary" smallholders. The Smallholders-dominated parliament established a republic in 1946 with Tildy as president. He was succeeded as prime minister by Ferenc Nagy. However, the Soviet occupation of the country, the Hungarian Communist Party's salami tactic to break up opponent parties and widespread election fraud in 1947 led to a communist government.
In 1947 the Communist Party carried out a coup d’état against the rule of the Smallholders’ Party. Though not all democratic institutions were abolished, the Communists firmly held power. The prominent smallholders politicians were either arrested or forced to leave the country. Lajos Dinnyés of the Smallholders remained prime minister after the 1947 elections, but his government was controlled by the communists. Over the next two years, the Communists pressured the Smallholders into expelling their more courageous members as "fascists" and fascist sympathizers as part of Communist leader Matyas Rakosi's "salami tactics. Another Smallholder, the openly pro-Communist István Dobi, became premier in December 1948, and pushed out the remaining elements of the party who weren't willing to do the Communists' bidding. In 1949, the party was absorbed into a People’s Independent Front, led by the communist Hungarian Working People's Party. The latter prevailed in elections held that year, marking the onset of undisguised Communist rule in Hungary. The Smallholders party was dissolved.
Party leaders (1945–1949; 1988–)
|From 1949–1988, Hungary was under one-party rule|
|Ferenc József Nagy||1990–1991|
|Ferenc József Nagy & József Torgyán||1991|
|Miklós Réti||since 2002|
- Laar, M. (2009). "The Power of Freedom. Central and Eastern Europe after 1945." Centre for European Studies, p. 38. http://www.poweroffreedombook.com/preview_PoF.pdf
|This article about a Hungarian political party is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|