I Won't Back Down
|"I Won't Back Down"|
|Single by Tom Petty|
|from the album Full Moon Fever|
|B-side||"The Apartment Song"
"Don't Treat Me Like a Stranger" (12" and CD single only)
|Format||7", 12", cassette, CD|
|Writer(s)||Tom Petty, Jeff Lynne|
|Producer(s)||Jeff Lynne, Tom Petty, Mike Campbell|
|Tom Petty singles chronology|
"I Won't Back Down" is the first single from Tom Petty's first solo album, Full Moon Fever released in 1989. The song was written by Petty and Jeff Lynne, his writing partner for the album. It reached number 12 on the Billboard Hot 100 and topped the Album Rock Tracks chart for five weeks, starting the album's road to multi-platinum status.
Background and writing
Petty recalled the recording of this song to Mojo magazine: "At the session George Harrison sang and played the guitar. I had a terrible cold that day, and George went to the store and bought a ginger root, boiled it and had me stick my head in the pot to get the ginger steam to open up my sinuses, and then I ran in and did the take."
A message of defiance against unnamed forces of difficulty and possibly oppression, the lyric is set against a mid-tempo beat:
- Well I know what's right, I got just one life
- in a world that keeps on pushin' me around
- but I'll stand my ground, and I won't back down
Due to its themes, the song was played often on American radio following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. Petty and the Heartbreakers played a quiet but resolute version of the song at the America: A Tribute to Heroes telethon following the 2001 attacks.
The music video, directed by David Leland, was shot on March 22 and 23, 1989 on a sound stage at Pinewood Studios and released on April 24, 1989. Traveling Wilburys bandmates George Harrison and Jeff Lynne appear in the video. Mike Campbell and Harrison's former Beatles bandmate Ringo Starr are also featured in the video along with George's famous painted stratocaster "Rocky". Starr is depicted in the video as playing the drums on the song, though in reality, drumming was performed by Phil Jones.
- Tom Petty – lead and backing vocals, acoustic guitar
- Mike Campbell – lead and slide guitar
- George Harrison – acoustic guitar, backing vocals
- Jeff Lynne – bass guitar, backing vocals
- Howie Epstein – backing vocals
- Phil Jones – drums, percussion
|U.S. Billboard Hot 100||12|
|U.S. Billboard Album Rock Tracks||1|
|U.S. Billboard Modern Rock Tracks||29|
|U.S. Cash Box Top 100 Singles||11|
|Canadian RPM Top Singles||5|
|German Singles Chart||66|
|New Zealand Singles Chart||49|
|UK Singles Chart||28|
Use in political campaigns
George W. Bush used "I Won't Back Down" at campaign events during the 2000 presidential campaign but was compelled to stop using the song after receiving a cease and desist letter from Petty's publisher. Petty did not want the use of his song to be construed as an endorsement of candidate Bush. Jim Webb used the song for his successful bid for one of Virginia's U.S. Senate seats in 2006, as did Hillary Clinton during the 2008 Democratic presidential primary campaign. The song was also used at campaign events for Congressman Ron Paul of Texas during the 2008 Republican presidential primary campaign, as well as for events for his Campaign for Liberty. The song was also played at an event for Republican Connecticut gubernatorial nominee, Tom Foley. The song was also played at the 2012 Democratic National Convention after speech delivered by President Bill Clinton, in which current President Barack Obama came out on stage to salute him.
Use in sports campaigns
The Ottawa Senators used the song as a campaign anthem in December 1990 at their presentation to be awarded an NHL franchise at the Breakers Hotel in Palm Beach, Florida. The unlikely bid received unanimous support from the NHL and the franchise was awarded on December 6, 1990. The Johnny Cash cover has also been used for a Rogers Sportsnet advertising campaign for the 2010-2011 NHL season.
The song was used as the walkout song for the Australian Rugby League club the Melbourne Storm from 1999-2007.
It is additionally the Orica-GreenEDGE Cycling teams anthem
- Full Moon Fever (1989)
- Greatest Hits (1993)
- Playback (1995)
- Anthology: Through the Years (2000)
- America: A Tribute to Heroes (2001)
- The Live Anthology (2009)
- Mojo Tour 2010 (2010) - Live Version
- Barnyard (2006)
The song was also released as downloadable content for Rock Band 2
- Something for Kate
- Johnny Cash – American III: Solitary Man (2000)
- Edgewater - Lifter (2001)
- Holly Nelson - Leaving the Yard (2003)
- Cumberland Gap - Circle the Wagons (2004)
- Sam Elliott - Barnyard: The Original Party Animals (2006)
- Pearl Jam – Live at the Gorge 05/06 (2007)
- Mem Shannon - Live: A Night at Tipitina's (2007)
- MercyMe - iTunes Originals (2008)
- Dawn Landes – Fireproof (2008)
- Switchfoot (2008)
- Reel Big Fish - Fame, Fortune and Fornication (2009)
- John O'Callaghan (2010)
- Tyler Hilton (2010)
- Dia Frampton and her coach Blake Shelton covered the song for the The Voice (U.S.). (2011)
- Ryan Star - The America EP (2012)
- Benjamin Francis Leftwich - covered the song for Grey's Anatomy season 9 episode 3. (2012)
- Bon Jovi - Covered the song during their Have A Nice Day tour. (2005-2006)
- Dale Ann Bradley - Covered the song for her "Don't Turn Your Back" CD. (2009)
- Snow, Mat. "Tom Petty interview". MOJO. January 2010 (194). Retrieved 2014-07-15.
- Eric Schumacher-Rasmussen (September 22, 2001). "Mariah Carey, Springsteen, Other Stars Sing For America On Telethon". MTV News.
- Bill Crandall (September 24, 2001). "Artists Rise Up for America". Rolling Stone.
- Peter Bogdanovich (director) (2007). Runnin' Down a Dream (Documentary) (in English). Event occurs at 2:43:25. "Of all the songs I've written I think I get the most feedback about that song. And it is a personal song – when I did it I sort of thought that I laid it out, you know, with no ambiguity at all – like I just said it very plainly – and I kind of felt nervous about it like maybe I should take it back and disguise it a little bit, but I'm glad I didn't – and it's very much like me."
- Strictly limited edition 7" single cover (MCA 1334)
- "These are the Ottawa Senators you know". Ottawa Citizen. December 5, 2005. Retrieved April 10, 2012. "Firestone turned 39 the day before the bid presentation. Leeder and Sexton, boyhood hockey pals from Brockville, were 31. Waiting in a holding room, feeling a little like caged animals, the group got psyched up the way athletes do, by listening to inspiring music. In this case, it was the theme song of their mission -- Tom Petty's "I Won't Back Down"."
- Canucks Won't Back Down on YouTube
- Evans, Thayer (November 14, 2009). "T.C.U. Fans Are Singing Football Coach’s Praises". The New York Times.