Inga edulis

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This article is about Inga edulis. For another plant often called "Ice-cream bean", see Pacay.
Ice-cream-bean
Ingá Inga edulis 2.JPG
Pod and seeds
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Tribe: Ingeae
Genus: Inga
Species: I. edulis
Binomial name
Inga edulis
Mart.
Synonyms

see text

Inga edulis in flower.JPG

Inga edulis (eng. ice-cream-bean, joaquiniquil, Mex. cuaniquil, guama or guaba) is a fruit native to South America. It is widely grown, especially by indigenous Amazonians, for shade, food, timber, medicine, and production of the alcoholic beverage cachiri. It is popular in Peru, Ecuador, Pernambuco-Brazil and Colombia.[1] The name ‘inga’ is derived from its name with the Tupí people of South America. In English they have been called "ice-cream beans" due to the sweet flavor and smooth texture of the pulp.

Description[edit]

Mature trees of Inga edulis reach 30 m (98 ft) high and 60 cm (2.0 ft) diameter at breast height, usually branching from below 3 m (9.8 ft). The branches form a broad, flat, moderately dense canopy. The pods contain black seeds which are embedded in a thick white juicy pulp that tastes slightly like vanilla ice cream.

Synonyms[edit]

This plant has a convoluted history of synonymy with Inga vera. The plants discussed under that name by Brenan and Kunth are actually I. edulis, whereas that based on the writings of Carl Ludwig Willdenow refers to the actual I. vera. Inga edulis in works referring back to authorities other than von Martius usually refers to Inga feuilleei.[2]

Synonyms of Inga edulis Mart.:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Duke (1983)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g ILDIS (2005)
  3. ^ USDA (2007)

References[edit]