Inchinnan

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Coordinates: 55°53′30″N 4°26′19″W / 55.8917°N 4.4386°W / 55.8917; -4.4386

Inchinnan
Scottish Gaelic: Innis Fhionghain
Inchinnan, Renfrewshire - geograph.org.uk - 500837.jpg
Inchinnan Village
RenfrewshireInchinnan.png
Inchinnan shown within Renfrewshire
Population 1,574 [1]
Council area Renfrewshire
Lieutenancy area Renfrewshire
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Renfrew
Postcode district PA4
Dialling code 0141
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Paisley and Renfrewshire North
Scottish Parliament Renfrewhire North and West
List of places
UK
Scotland

Inchinnan (Scottish Gaelic: Innis Fhionghain) is a small village in Renfrewshire, Scotland. The village is located on the main A8 road between Renfrew and Greenock, just south east of the town of Erskine.

History[edit]

Inchinnan village is named after the scots language word inch, which means an island or low-lying land near a river or stream. The other part of the name is taken from Saint Inan, a 9th century confessor at Irvine.[2] A church has been located in Inchinnan since the 12th century. It was dedicated to St Conval. It was given to the Knights Templar by David I of Scotland. Another church called 'Hallows Church' replaced it in 1900. The newer church was then replaced by part of the airfield at Abbotsinch.[3] The latest church (Inchinnan Parish) is in the centre of the village.

The rivers Black Cart and White Cart are situated near Inchinnan. Travelers crossed by a ford and later by ferry. A stone bridge was built to cross the Black Cart and a bascule bridge crosses the White Cart.[4]

In the 1700s there were quarries within the village. The quarries produced high quality freestone right up until the 1900s. In 1809-1812 stone from the quarries built the nearby Black and White Cart bridges.[5]

Landmarks[edit]

(Left) Swing bridge crossing White Cart (Right) India Tyres office

The swing bridge at Inchinnan was replaced in 1923 by a bascule bridge, which was made by Sir William Arrol & Company. It is still capable of opening, as the Doosan Babcock factory at Renfrew requires the capability to move large loads by river. The bridge crosses White Cart Water and onto the River Clyde.

Inchinnan hosts an art deco style category A listed building called India of Inchinnan. It is the former office block of India Tyres factory which occupied the site from 1927 until the early 1980s. It has now been renovated into private offices. The company also built two groups of houses to accommodate its workers. These streets were called Allands Avenue and India Drive. Prior to its use as a tyre factory, the site was used by William Beardmore and Company to build airships in World War I. Several airships, the No's R24, R27, R34 and the R36 were built on this site. The company built 52 houses in Inchinnan, at Beardmore Cottages, to house its workers.

Inchinnan has a large industrial estate within the town. There is a few manufacturing companies left within the area. Some of the companies associated with Inchinnan past and present include: 'Reekie Machine Tools', 'Scot Tubes Ltd', 'Gas Measurement Instruments', 'Bairdswear', 'Armour Park', 'Metecno', 'Aulds' and 'Rolls Royce'. M&Co. (Mackays) has its head office at Caledonia House in the industrial estate.

There is a bus depot in Inchinnan which belonged to Arriva Scotland West and before that Western SMT (later Clydeside Scottish). In December 2011, it was announced that Arriva had agreed to sell the company to the independent operator McGill's Buses and all of Arriva Scotland West's operations ceased on Monday 26 March 2012.

East of the village beside the A8 road is a spoil tip from a disused ironstone mine. This hillock is now covered with trees. The mine, known as the Blythswood mine was abandoned by 1875.

A palace was situated within the village about 1506. It was built by Matthew, Lord Darnley, second Earl of Lennox. Remains of the building known as Palace of Inchinnan could be seen up to 1710 but have now since been destroyed. It was situated on the border with Erskine; near to Flures Drive in Erskine.[6]

The Inchinnan Cruising club was established in 1932. It is sited east of the village.[7]

Education[edit]

Inchinnan Primary school is the only school within the village. It is a non-denominational state school. For secondary education the village falls within the catchment area of Park Mains High School in Erskine. For Roman Catholic denomination education, the nearest primary school is St Anne's in Erskine and Trinity High School in Renfrew is the nearest secondary school. Inchinnan Community Nursery provides pre-school education within the village.

Transport[edit]

Inchinnan is served by Glasgow International Airport, which is located 2 km south of the town. The village has close links to the nearby M8 motorway and Erskine Bridge. Inchinnan is serviced by McGill's Buses. Services operate to Glasgow, Paisley, Renfrew, Erskine, Clydebank, Glasgow Airport.

Geography[edit]

Inchinnan is situated in the north east of Renfrewshire. It lies to the south of the River Clyde and close to where the River Gryffe meets the River Cart. The village borders a number of nearby settlements, some separated by a rural hinterland.[8]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Browser Population". Scrol.gov.uk. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  2. ^ "FREE Scottish family tree inscriptions and links from HappyHaggis". HappyHaggis. Retrieved 2014-07-21. 
  3. ^ "Site Record for Inchinnan, Old Parish Church And Graveyard All Hallows Church; St Conval'sDetails Details". Canmore.rcahms.gov.uk. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  4. ^ "Inchinnan - Renfrewshire Council". Renfrewshire.gov.uk. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  5. ^ "FREE Scottish family tree inscriptions and links from HappyHaggis". HappyHaggis. Retrieved 2014-07-21. 
  6. ^ "FREE Scottish family tree inscriptions and links from HappyHaggis". HappyHaggis. Retrieved 2014-07-21. 
  7. ^ "History « Inchinnan Cruising Club". Inchinnancruisingclub.co.uk. 1933-04-12. Retrieved 2014-07-11. 
  8. ^ "Inchinnan - Renfrewshire Council". Renfrewshire.gov.uk. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Gregory, Donald (1881) The History of the Western Highlands and Isles of Scotland 1493 - 1625. Edinburgh. Birlinn. 2008 reprint - originally published by Thomas D. Morrison. ISBN 1-904607-57-8
  • Johnson, Ian, (1993). Beardmore Built: The Rise and Fall of a Clydeside Shipyard. Clydebank: Clydebank District Libraries & Museums Department.
  • Wool, Alex "The Age of the Sea-Kings: 900-1300" in Omand, Donald (ed.) (2006) The Argyll Book. Edinburgh. Birlinn. ISBN 1-84158-480-0

External links[edit]