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An incline elevator is an elevator that runs on a non-perpendicular angle. Unlike a standard elevator, incline elevators can go up tilted grades. Incline elevators are also known as incline platform lifts or hillside trams and can be used for residential and commercial purposes. The purpose of incline elevators is to provide accessibility to steep hillsides and inclines at minimal effort to the user.
Those with mobility and disability challenges often use an incline platform lift to climb staircases in their home with their mobility scooter or power wheelchair. Outdoor incline elevators are used to access steep hillside property where stairs are not a preferred option. Incline elevators can also be used to move equipment and materials to hard to reach elevated locations for industrial or construction purposes.
Most common incline elevators are constructed from steel or aluminum materials, are powered by electric motors and operate with push button electronic controls. Common drive systems include: cable winding drum or continuous loop traction drive. ASME A17.1 "Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators" includes national standards, regulations and safety code specific to Inclined Elevators under Part 5.1.
Notable incline elevators
- 34th Street (IRT Flushing Line)under construction
- Cityplace/Uptown (DART station) (west and east elevators)
- Eiffel Tower
- Grand Coulee Dam (former)
- Huntington (WMATA station)
- Kek Lok Si Temple, Malaysia
- Luxor Hotel Las Vegas
- Peace Tower at the International Peace Garden
- Playitas, Fuerteventura, Spain
- Po Fook Hill Elevator, Hong Kong
- San Diego Convention Center
- Shadowbrook Restaurant Capitola, California
- Stockholm Metro (a number of stations)
- Cataract Gorge, Launceston, Tasmania, Australia
- Imperial War Museum North, Manchester, United Kingdom
- "Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators". THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. ASME A17.1-2007/CSA B44-07. April 6, 2007. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- Flegenheimer, Matt (May 29, 2014). "With New Slant on Subway Elevators, Expect Delays". The New York Times. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
- "DART History: 2000". Dallas Area Rapid Transit. Retrieved December 4, 2010.
- "Tours at Grand Coulee Dam". Grandcouleedam.com. Retrieved 10 January 2011.
- "Grand Coulee Dam: Tour of the Third Powerplant". U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. Retrieved 10 January 2011.
- Video of Inclined Lift on YouTube
- Elevator World Magazine
- Funimag, the first web magazine about funiculars
- Smithsonian Inclined Lift Project, Elevator World Article
- Incline Elevators
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